• Skip to Content
  • Sitemap
  • Advance Search
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

Mission Sahbhagita encourages participatory conservation and wise use of wetlands to enable a society ownership approach

Posted On: 03 APR 2023 11:11PM by PIB Delhi

As per the "National Wetland Decadal Change Atlas, 2017 published by Space Applications Centre- ISRO Ahmedabad, a total of 2,31,195 wetlands (at 1:50000 scales and area >= 2.25 ha) have been mapped in the Country.  The total wetland area estimated is 15.98 million hectare (mha) including rivers and excluding paddy field areas that is around 4.86% of the geographic area of the country.  The State/UT-wise wetland distribution including Odisha is at Annexure-1.

India has designated 75 Wetlands of International Importance as Ramsar sites covering an area of 1.33 million ha across the country.

As per the Wetlands (Conservation & Management) Rules, 2017, the National Wetlands Committee (NWC) at national level and State Wetlands Authorities (SWAs)/ Union TerritoryWetlandsAuthoritiesat state/ UT level have been constituted. The SWAs are responsible for effective conservation, management and monitoring of ecological conditionof wetlands within their jurisdiction. The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) has published comprehensive guidelines for implementing Wetlands (Conservation & Management) Rules, 2017. The above-said guidelines recommend the management of each notified wetland to be guided by an Integrated Management Plan (IMP) which inter-alia describes monitoring requirements for detecting changes in ecological character and for measuring theeffectiveness of management.

Scientific details regarding the degraded wetlands across the countryare not available, however, as per the ‘National Decadal Wetlands Change Atlas,’ released by MoEF&CC in February 2022, as an outcome of ‘National Wetland Inventory and Assessment – 2ndCycle’ project of the Space Application Center, the number and extent of wetlands having area equal to or greater than 2.25 ha has increased by 18,810and 0.64 million ha respectively during the assessment period 2006-07 to 2017-18.

Ministry has taken several steps for conservation and management of wetlands across the country. MoEF&CC has notified Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2017 under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 as regulatory framework for conservation and management of wetlands across country to conserve, manage and maintain the ecological character of the wetlands without restricting the wise use.

Further, MoEF&CC is implementing a centrally sponsored scheme namely, NPCA for conservation and management of identified wetlands (includes lakes) in the country on cost sharing basis between Central Government and respective State Governments including Odisha. The scheme covers various activities such as interception, diversion and treatment of wastewater, shoreline protection, lake front development, in-situ cleaning i.e., desilting & de-weeding, storm water management, bioremediation, catchment area treatment, lake beautification, survey & demarcation, bio-fencing, fisheries development, weed control, biodiversity conservation, education and awareness creation, community participation, etc. So far, MoEF&CC has sanctioned proposals for conservation of 165 wetlands across the country, including 42 Ramsar sites and released an amount of about Rs. 1088.852 Crores as central share. This amount includes central share of Rs. 37.08418 crores released so far to Government of Odisha for conservation and management of Chilika lake (Rs. 28.33288 cr.), Ansupa (Rs. 6.44468 cr.), Kanjia (Rs. 0.9563 cr.), Daha (Rs. 0.506 cr.) and Kuanria (Rs. 0.84432 cr.) in Odisha.

 

The Ministry had also undertaken ‘Wetlands Rejuvenation’ programme within the framework of 169 transformative ideas of Government of India i.e. “Start work on Restoration & Rejuvenation of at least 100 major wetlands across the country”. In the first cycle of the programme, 130 wetlands were selected in consultation with State Governments for which collection of baseline information and rapid assessment of wetlands condition was done during the 100 days implementation period. Based on the health status, 32 wetlands were identified and concerned States/UTs were advised to take necessary action for their rejuvenation and restoration.

Ministry has launched Mission Sahbhagita, on the occasion of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, which is an important step towards participatory conservation and wise use of wetlands to enable a society ownership approach with communities leading at the forefront. The Ministry has also launched ‘Save Wetlands Campaign’ as part of this Mission on 04.02.2023 at Goa on the occasion of World Wetlands Day 2023.

Annexure-1

State-wise wetland distribution in India

 

Decadal wetland inventory in different States

S. No.

State Name

2017-18

Number

Area (ha)

Area (% of wetland)

1

Andhra Pradesh

24104

1141606

7.14

2

Arunachal Pradesh 

1182

151104

0.95

3

Assam 

5902

849078

5.31

4

Bihar 

4526

374766

2.34

5

Chhattisgarh 

11457

342443

2.14

6

Goa 

742

24749

0.15

7

Gujarat 

17613

3499429

21.9

8

Haryana 

1905

33649

0.21

9

Himachal Pradesh 

215

94011

0.59

10

Jharkhand 

2635

187045

1.17

11

Karnataka 

14936

787127

4.93

12

Kerala 

1399

158336

0.99

13

Madhya Pradesh 

13947

861736

5.39

14

Maharashtra 

25935

1152625

7.21

15

Manipur 

132

67408

0.42

16

Meghalaya 

225

31002

0.19

17

Mizoram

127

19476

0.12

18

Nagaland 

148

21118

0.13

19

Odisha 

13331

719942

4.5

20

Punjab

1190

47024

0.29

21

Rajasthan 

13321

778824

4.87

22

Sikkim 

259

7049

0.04

23

Tamil Nadu 

26883

925712

5.79

24

Telangana

12338

566680

3.55

25

Tripura

416

18438

0.12

26

Uttar Pradesh

18555

1104562

6.91

27

Uttarakhand

172

112882

0.71

28

West Bengal 

12955

1130127

7.07

29

Andaman&Nicobar

2774

143238

0.9

30

Chandigarh 

11

336

0

31

Dadra NagarHaveli

12

2063

0.01

32

Daman and Diu 

59

2728

0.02

33

Delhi 

123

2773

0.02

34

Jammu & Kashmir 

404

164110

1.03

35

Lakshadweep 

50

79716

0.5

36

Ladakh

1073

373049

2.33

37

Puducherry 

139

5555

0.03

 

Total

231195

15981516

100

 

This information was given by Minister of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Shri Ashwini Kumar Choubey in a written reply in the Lok Sabha.

*****

 

MJPS/SSV



(Release ID: 1913469) Visitor Counter : 2079

Read this release in: Urdu , Marathi

Link mygov.in