Ministry of Earth Science

New list of names of tropical cyclones over north Indian Ocean

Posted On: 28 APR 2020 7:33PM by PIB Delhi

Worldwide there are six regional specialised meteorological centres (RSMCs) and five regionalTropical Cyclone Warning Centres (TCWCs) mandated for issuing advisories and naming of tropical cyclones.India Meteorological Department is one of the six RSMCs to provide tropical cyclone and storm surge advisories to 13 member countries under WMO/ESCAP Panel including Bangladesh, India, Iran, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.RSMC, New Delhi is also mandated to name the Tropical Cyclones developing over the north Indian Ocean (NIO) including the Bay of Bengal (BoB) and the Arabian Sea (AS).

 

      Naming of Tropical Cyclones helps thescientific community, disaster managers, media and general masses to

  • identify each individual cyclone.
  • create awareness of its development.
  • remove confusion in case of simultaneous occurrence of TCs over a region
  • remember a TC easily
  • rapidly and effectively disseminate warnings to much wider audience

 

Therefore, the tropical cyclones forming over different Ocean basins are named by the concerned RSMCs & TCWCs. For north Indian Ocean including Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea, the RSMC, New Delhi assigns the name to tropical cyclones following a standard procedure. The WMO/ESCAP Panel on Tropical Cyclones (PTC) at its twenty-seventh Session held in 2000 in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman agreed in principle to assign names to the tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea. After long deliberations among the member countries, the naming of the tropical cyclones over the north Indian Ocean commenced from September 2004. This list contained names proposed by then eight member countries of WMO/ESCAP PTC, viz., Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Thailand. Almost all names except the last name (Amphan) from this list have been utilised till date.

During WMO/ESCAP PTC 45th Session held at Muscat, Oman in September, 2018 it was decided to prepare a fresh list of names of tropical cyclones including representation from five new member countries, viz., Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen (Total 13 member countries). The WMO/ESCAP PTC in this session nominated Dr.Mrutyunjay Mohapatra, India Meteorological Department to act as Rapporteur to co-ordinate among the Panel member countries and to finalise the list of names following the standard procedure and suggest the implementation plan. The report of the rapporteur was initially presented by India during 46th Session of WMO/ESCAP PTC held in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar during 09-13, Sept., 2019. After deliberations, the report was finally adopted by WMO/ESCAP PTC with consensus in April, 2020.

Following criteria were adopted for selection of names by the PTC member countries:

  1. The proposed name should be neutral to (a) politics and political figures (b) religious believes, (c) cultures and (d) gender
  2. Name should be chosen in such a way that it does not hurt the sentiments of any group of population over the globe
  3. It should not be very rude and cruel in nature
  4. It should be short, easy to pronounce and should not be offensive to any member
  5. The maximum length of the name will be eight letters
  6. The proposed name should be provided alongwith its pronunciation and voice over
  7. The Panel reserves the right to reject any name, if any of the criteria above is not satisfied.
  8. The finalised names may also be reviewed during the course of time of implementation with the approval of PTC in its annual session, in case any reasonable objection is raised by any member
  9. The names of tropical cyclones over the north Indian Ocean will not be repeated.Once used, it will cease to be used again. Thus, the name should be new. It should not be there in the already existing list of any of the RSMCs worldwide including RSMC, New Delhi.

 

Accordingly, the new list of names finalised by WMO/ESCAP PTC is given in Annexure-I. The list of names adopted earlier in 2004 is given Annexure-II. The current list has a total of 169 names including 13 names each from 13 WMO/ESCAP member countries. The names suggested by general public in India from time to time, were duly considered by the Committee constituted by IMD for finalisation of names from India and the appropriate names were selected for inclusion in this list of names proposed from India (Annexure I).

 

Following criteria have been adopted for implementation of the list of names:

 

  1. RSMC, New Delhi will be responsible to name tropical cyclonesforming over the North Indian Ocean including Bay of Bengal & the Arabian Sea when they have been diagnosed with maximum sustainedsurface windspeed of 34 knots (62 kmph) or more as per Section 2.2.2.6.1 of Global Data Processing and Forecasting System (GDPFS) Manual 2017 edition (WMO No. 485).
  2. The name of a TC from South China Sea which crosses Thailand and emerge into the Bay of Bengal as a tropical cyclone will not be changed.
  3. Panel Members’ names will be listed alphabetically country-wise.
  4. The names will be used sequentially, column-wise.
  5. The first name will start from the first row of column 1 and will continue sequentially to the last row in column 13 of Table 1 (Annexure-I).

 

India Meteorological Department duly acknowledges contribution from WMO, ESCAP and all the 13 PTC member countries, viz., Bangladesh, India, Iran, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, United Arab Emirates and Yemen in preparation of the new list of names of TCs developing over the NIO.

For details kindly visit www.rsmcnewdelhi.imd.gov.in 

New list of tropical cyclone names adopted by WMO/ESCAP Panel Member Countries in April 2020 for naming of tropical cyclones over North Indian Ocean including Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea

(To be used after the name ‘Amphan’ from the previous list is utilised)

 

WMO/ESCAP Panel  Member countries

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Column 4

Name

Pron’

Name

Pron’

Name

Pron’

Name

Pron’

Bangladesh

Nisarga

Nisarga

Biparjoy

Biporjoy

Arnab

Ornab

Upakul

Upokul

India

Gati

Gati

Tej

Tej

Murasu

Murasu

Aag

Aag

Iran

Nivar

Nivar

Hamoon

Hamoon

Akvan

Akvan

Sepand

Sepand

Maldives

Burevi

Burevi

Midhili

Midhili

Kaani

Kaani

Odi

Odi

Myanmar

Tauktae

Tau’Te

Michaung

Migjaum

Ngamann

Ngaman

Kyarthit

Kjathi

Oman

Yaas

Yass

Remal

Re-Mal

Sail

Sail

Naseem

Naseem

Pakistan

Gulab

Gul-Aab

Asna

As-Na

Sahab

Sa-Hab

Afshan

Af-Shan

Qatar

Shaheen

Shaheen

Dana

Dana

Lulu

Lulu

Mouj

Mouj

Saudi Arabia

Jawad

Jowad

Fengal

Feinjal

Ghazeer

Razeer

Asif

Aasif

Sri Lanka

Asani

Asani

Shakhti

Shakhti

Gigum

Gigum

Gagana

Gagana

Thailand

Sitrang

Si-Trang

Montha

Mon-Tha

Thianyot

Thian-Yot

Bulan

Bu-Lan

United Arab Emirates

Mandous

Man-Dous

Senyar

 Sen-Yaar

Afoor

Aa-Foor

Nahhaam

Nah-Haam

Yemen

Mocha

Mokha

Ditwah

Ditwah

Diksam

Diksam

Sira

Sira

 

 

WMO/ESCAP Panel  Member countries

Column 5

Column 6

Column 7

Column 8

Name

Pron’

Name

Pron’

Name

Pron’

Name

Pron’

Bangladesh

Barshon

Borshon

Rajani

Rojoni

Nishith

Nishith

Urmi

Urmi

India

Vyom

Vyom

Jhar

Jhor

Probaho

Probaho

Neer

Neer

Iran

Booran

Booran

Anahita

Anahita

Azar

Azar

Pooyan

Pooyan

Maldives

Kenau

Kenau

Endheri

Endheri

Riyau

Riyau

Guruva

Guruva

Myanmar

Sapakyee

Zabagji

Wetwun

We’wum

Mwaihout

Mwei’hau

Kywe

Kjwe

Oman

Muzn

Muzn

Sadeem

Sadeem

Dima

Dima

Manjour

Manjour

Pakistan

Manahil

Ma-Na-Hil

Shujana

Shu-Ja-Na

Parwaz

Par-Waaz

Zannata

Zan Naa Ta

Qatar

Suhail

Es’hail

Sadaf

Sadaf

Reem

Reem

Rayhan

Rayhan

Saudi Arabia

Sidrah

Sadrah

Hareed

Haareed

Faid

Faid

Kaseer

Kusaer

Sri Lanka

Verambha

Ve-Ram-Bha

Garjana

Garjana

Neeba

Neeba

Ninnada

Nin-Na-Da

Thailand

Phutala

Phu-Ta-La

Aiyara

Ai-Ya-Ra

Saming

Sa-Ming

Kraison

Krai-Son

United Arab Emirates

Quffal

Quf-Faal

Daaman

Daa-Man

Deem

Deem

Gargoor

Gar-Goor

Yemen

Bakhur

Bakhoor

Ghwyzi

Ghwayzi

Hawf

Hawf

Balhaf

Balhaf

 

 

WMO/ESCAP Panel  Member countries

Column 9

Column 10

Column 11

Column 12

Column 13

Name

Pron’

Name

Pron’

Name

Pron’

Name

Pron’

Name

Pron’

Bangladesh

Meghala

Meghla

Samiron

Somiron

Pratikul

Protikul

Sarobor

Sorobor

Mahanisha

Mohanisha

India

Prabhanjan

Prabhanjan

Ghurni

Ghurni

Ambud

Ambud

Jaladhi

Jaladhi

Vega

Vega

Iran

Arsham

Arsham

Hengame

Hengame

Savas

Savas

Tahamtan

Tahamtan

Toofan

Toofan

Maldives

Kurangi

Kurangi

Kuredhi

Kuredhi

Horangu

Horangu

Thundi

Thundi

Faana

Faana

Myanmar

Pinku

Pinnku

Yinkaung

JinGaun

Linyone

Lin Joun

Kyeekan

Kji Gan

Bautphat

Bau’hpa

Oman

Rukam

Roukaam

Watad

Wa Tad

Al-jarz

Al-Jarouz

Rabab

Ra Bab

Raad

Raad

Pakistan

Sarsar

Sar-Sar

Badban

Baad-Baan

Sarrab

Sarrab

Gulnar

Gul-Nar

Waseq

Waa-Seq

Qatar

Anbar

Anbar

Oud

Oud

Bahar

Bahar

Seef

Seef

Fanar

Fanaar

Saudi Arabia

Nakheel

Nakheel

Haboob

Haboob

Bareq

Bariq

Alreem

Areem

Wabil

Wobil

Sri Lanka

Viduli

Viduli

Ogha

Ogha

Salitha

Salitha

Rivi

Rivi

Rudu

Rudu

Thailand

Matcha

Mat-Cha

Mahingsa

Ma-Hing-Sa

Phraewa

Phrae-Wa

Asuri

A-Su-Ri

Thara

Tha-Ra

United Arab Emirates

Khubb

Khubb

Degl

Degl

Athmad

Ath-Md

Boom

Boom

Saffar

Saf-Faar

Yemen

Brom

Brom

Shuqra

Shuqrah

Fartak

Fartak

Darsah

Darsah

Samhah

Samhah

Note:

  1. Panel Members name are listed alphabetically country wise
  2. The names will be used sequentially column-wise
  3. The first name will start from the first row of column one and continue sequentially to the last row in the column thirteen
  4. Table will be used only once

 

Annexure-II

 

List of tropical cyclone names adopted by WMO/ESCAP Panel Member Countries in September, 2004

WMO/ESCAP Panel  Member countries

Column one

Column two

Column three

Column four

Names

Pron’

Names

Pron’

Names

Pron’

Names

Pron’

Bangladesh

Onil

Onil

Ogni

Og-ni

Nisha

Ni-sha

Giri

Gi-ri

India

Agni

Ag’ni

Akash

Aakaa’sh

Bijli

Bij’li

Jal

Jal

Maldives

Hibaru

--

Gonu

--

Aila

--

Keila

--

Myanmar

Pyarr

Pyarr

Yemyin

Ye-myin

Phyan

Phyan

Thane

Thane

Oman

Baaz

Ba-az

Sidr

Sidr’

Ward

War’d

Murjan

Mur’jaan

Pakistan

Fanoos

Fanoos

Nargis

Nar gis

Laila

Lai la

Nilam

Ni lam

Sri Lanka

Mala

--

Rashmi

Rash’mi

Bandu

--

Viyaru

--

Thailand

Mukda

Muuk-dar

KhaiMuk

Ki-muuk

Phet

Pet

Phailin

Pi-lin

WMO/ESCAP Panel  Member countries

Column five

Column six

Column seven

Column eight

Names

Pron’

Names

Pron’

Names

Pron’

Names

Pron’

Bangladesh

Helen

Helen

Chapala

Cho-po-la

Ockhi

Ok-khi

Fani

Foni

India

Lehar

Le’har

Megh

Me’gh

Sagar

Saa’gar

Vayu

Vaa’yu

Maldives

Madi

--

Roanu

--

Mekunu

--

Hikaa

--

Myanmar

Nanauk

Na-nauk

Kyant

Kyant

Daye

Da-ye

Kyarr

Kyarr

Oman

Hudhud

Hud’hud

Nada

N’nada

Luban

L’luban

Maha

M’maha

Pakistan

Nilofar

Ni lofar

Vardah

Var dah

Titli

Titli

Bulbul

Bulbul

Sri Lanka

Ashobaa

Ashobaa

Maarutha

Maarutha

Gaja

Gaja

Pawan

Pavan

Thailand

Komen

Goh-men

Mora

Moh-rar

Phethai

Pay-ti

Amphan

Um-pun

 (Names which have been utilised till December 2019 are marked in Red)

 

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KGS/(IMD)



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