Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
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Status of Goitre or Thyroid Disorders in India

Posted On: 08 FEB 2022 12:38PM by PIB Delhi

 

India has completed its transition from iodine deficiency to iodine replete status. It is believed that iodine supplementation can cause a spurt in autoimmune thyroid dysfunction and hypothyroidism, by making the thyroid gland more susceptible to damage by body’s own immune system. The prevalence of self-reported goitre or thyroid disorder in National Family Health Survey IV [NFHS IV (2015-2016)] was 2.2%, while it was 2.9% in NFHS-V (2019-2021).

The NFHS IV (2015-2016) has reported that amongst individuals between the age 15-49 years, the self-reported prevalence of goitre or thyroid disorder was nearly 2% in females and less than 1% in males. Also, the reported prevalence increased with age in women (15-19 years: 0.7%; 20-34 years: 1.8%; 35-49 years: 3.4%). As per NFHS V, the details of States/UTs wise cases reported are given below.

 

Goitre or Thyroid Disorders

STATE/UT

Number of Women per 100000

Kerala

8696

Jammu and Kashmir

6809

Delhi NCT

5926

Telangana

5763

West Bengal

5298

Andhra Pradesh

4551

Tamil Nadu

4076

Himachal Pradesh

3776

Tripura

3643

Punjab

3407

Manipur

2989

Haryana

2701

Assam

2642

Goa

2548

Uttarakhand

2411

Sikkim

2220

Maharashtra

2126

Odisha

2081

Meghalaya

1988

Karnataka

1969

Bihar

1705

Jharkhand

1697

Rajasthan

1310

Uttar Pradesh

1281

Gujarat

1151

Madhya Pradesh

1087

Mizoram

908

Chhattisgarh

903

Arunachal Pradesh

732

Nagaland

505

 

As per the NFHS IV (2015-2016), amongst 6,99,686 women in their reproductive age groups (15-49 years), those in the highest quintile of wealth index had three to four-fold higher risk of having thyroid disorders. In addition, there was a graded increase in risk of having thyroid disorders from poorest to richest.

The Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare, Dr. Bharati Pravin Pawar stated this in a written reply in the RajyaSabha today.

 

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MV/GS

HFW/PQ/ Status of Goitre or Thyroid Disorders in India/8thFebruary2022/5



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