Ministry of Road Transport & Highways
azadi ka amrit mahotsav

Fatal Road Accidents on Highways

Posted On: 16 MAR 2022 1:22PM by PIB Delhi

As per data available, the total number of road accidents, persons killed and injured in the country during the last three calendar years 2018 to 2020 are given in the following table:-

 

Year

Total 

Number of 

Road 

Accidents

% Increase/ Decrease

Total Number of Persons 

Killed

% Increase/ Decrease

Total Number of Persons 

Injured

% Increase/ Decrease

2018

467044

 

151417

 

469418

 

2019

449002

-3.86

151113

-0.2

451361

-3.85

2020

366138

-18.46

131714

-12.84

348279

-22.84

  

As may be seen from the above table, there is a decreasing trend in the number of road accidents, persons killed and injured during the last 3 years.

  

Also, as per data available, State/UT – wise information on total number of road accidents, persons killed and injured on all roads in the country during the last three calendar years 2018 to 2020 is enclosed at Annexure I.

The Ministry has formulated a multi-pronged strategy to address the issue of road safety based on Education, Engineering (both of roads and vehicles), Enforcement and Emergency Care. Accordingly, various initiatives have been taken by the Ministry as detailed below:-

  

  1. Education:  
  1. To create effective public awareness about road safety, Ministry undertakes various publicity measures and awareness campaigns on road safety through social media, electronic media, and print media. Further, Ministry implements a road safety advocacy scheme to provide financial assistance to various agencies for administering Road Safety Advocacy.
  2. Observance of National Road Safety Month/Week every year for spreading awareness and strengthening road safety.
  3. A Certification Course for Road Safety Auditors has been commenced in Indian Academy of Highway Engineers (IAHE).

  

  1. Engineering (both of Roads and vehicles)

      •   Road engineering:

  1. High priority to identification and rectification of black spots (accident prone spots) on national highways.
  2. Road safety has been made an integral part of road design at planning stage. Road Safety Audit of all highway projects has been made mandatory at all stages i.e. design, construction, operation and maintenance.
  3. Ministry has delegated powers to Regional Officers for technical approval to the detailed estimates for rectification of identified Road Accident black spots.
  4. Guidelines for pedestrian facilities on National Highways for persons with disabilities have also been issued to all States / UTs.  
  5. The electronic Detailed Accident Report (e-DAR) Project has been initiated to establish to a central repository for reporting, management and analysis of road accidents data across the India.

  

      •   Vehicle engineering:

  1. Safety standards for automobiles have been improved in respect of Airbags, AntiBreaking System (ABS), Tyres, Crash test, Speed Limiting devices, comply with fire Alarm and protection system etc.
  2. Scheme for setting up one model Inspection & Certification Centre in each State/UT with Central assistance for testing the fitness of vehicles through an automated system.
  3. This Ministry, vide notification dated 15th February, 2022 has prescribed norms related to safety measures for children below four years of age, riding or being carried on a motor cycle. Further, it specifies use of a safety harness, crash helmet and restricts speed to 40kmph.

  

  1. Enforcement:
    1. The motor vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019 provides for strict penalties for ensuring strict compliance and enhancing deterrence for violation of traffic rules and strict enforcement through use of technology.
    2. Issue of Guidelines for protection of Good Samaritans and draft rules as per MV (Amendment) Act, 2019 has been published.

  

  1. Emergency care:
    1. The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019 provides for a scheme for the cashless treatment of victims of the accident during the golden hour.
    2. The National Highways Authority of India has made provisions for ambulances with paramedical staff/Emergency Medical Technician/Nurse at toll plazas on the completed corridor of National Highways.   
    3. Ministry has implemented a Scheme for grant of Award to the Good Samaritan who has saved life of a victim of a fatal accident involving a motor vehicle by administering immediate assistance and rushing to Hospital/Trauma Care Centre within the Golden Hour of the accident to provide medical treatment.

  

Enabling provisions relating to payment of compensation to victims of road accidents have been given in the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 under section 161 (Special provisions as to compensation in case of hit and run motor accident), section 163 (Scheme for payment of compensation in case of hit and run motor accidents) and section 163A (Special provisions as to payment of compensation on structured formula basis). Further, Ministry has issued notification dated 25 Feb 2022 mandating the procedure for detailed investigation of road accidents, the Detailed Accident Report (DAR) and its reporting, along with timelines for different stakeholders, for quick settlements of claims by the Motor Accident Claim Tribunal (MACT). Claims are filed at Motor Accident Claims Tribunals at State Level. No centralized details with respect to compensation paid and number of victims pending for compensation is available with the Ministry.

  

 This information was given by the Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways, Shri Nitin Gadkari in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha.

 

 

MJPS

 

 ANNEXURE - I ___________________________________________________________________________

ANNEXURE REGARDING FATAL ROAD ACCIDENTS ON HIGHWAYS.

Total Number of road accidents, persons Killed and injured in Road Accidents in India: 2018 to 2020 State/UT – wise.

Sl.

No.

States/UTs

State/UT-Wise Total Number of   Road

Accidents during

State/UT-Wise Total Number of Persons killed in Road Accidents during

State/UT-Wise          Total

Number of Persons Injured in Road Accidents during

2018

2019

2020

2018

2019

2020

2018

2019

2020

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

1

Andhra Pradesh

24475

21992

19509

7556

7984

7039

23456

24619

19675

2

Arunachal Pradesh

277

237

134

175

127

73

323

309

185

3

Assam

8248

8350

6595

2966

3208

2629

7375

7473

5269

4

Bihar

9600

10007

8639

6729

7205

6699

6679

7206

7016

5

Chhattisgarh

13864

13899

11656

4592

5003

4606

12715

13090

10505

6

Goa

3709

3440

2375

262

297

223

1549

1448

880

7

Gujarat

18769

17046

13398

7996

7390

6170

17467

16258

12002

8

Haryana

11238

10944

9431

5118

5057

4507

10020

9362

7659

9

Himachal Pradesh

3110

2873

2239

1208

1146

893

5551

4904

3223

10

Jammu & Kashmir

5978

5796

4860

984

996

728

7845

7532

5894

11

Jharkhand

5394

5217

4405

3542

3801

3044

3975

3818

3295

12

Karnataka

41707

40658

34178

10990

10958

9760

51562

50447

39492

13

Kerala

40181

41111

27877

4303

4440

2979

45458

46055

30510

14

Madhya Pradesh

51397

50669

45266

10706

11249

11141

54662

52816

46456

15

Maharashtra

35717

32925

24971

13261

12788

11569

31365

28628

19914

16

Manipur

601

672

432

134

156

127

1042

1055

663

17

Meghalaya

399

482

214

182

179

144

205

222

220

18

Mizoram

53

62

53

45

48

42

80

56

68

19

Nagaland

430

358

500

39

26

53

335

246

286

20

Odisha

11262

11064

9817

5315

5333

4738

11794

11177

8822

21

Punjab

6428

6348

5203

4740

4525

3898

3384

3812

2904

22

Rajasthan

21743

23480

19114

10320

10563

9250

21547

22979

16769

23

Sikkim

180

162

138

85

73

47

370

318

218

24

Tamil Nadu

63920

57228

45484

12216

10525

8059

74537

67137

50551

25

Telangana

22230

21570

19172

6603

6964

6882

23613

21999

18661

26

Tripura

552

655

466

213

239

192

741

816

470

27

Uttarakhand

1468

1352

1041

1047

867

674

1571

1457

854

28

Uttar Pradesh

42568

42572

34243

22256

22655

19149

29664

28932

22410

29

West Bengal

12705

10158

9180

5711

5500

4927

11997

9757

8314

30

Andaman & Nicobar

254

230

141

19

20

14

260

207

145

31

Chandigarh

316

305

159

98

104

53

300

275

148

32

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

80

68

100

54

49

64

66

105

119

33

Daman & Diu

76

69

  

35

28

  

94

74

  

34

Delhi

6515

5610

4178

1690

1463

1196

6086

5152

3662

35

Lakshadweep

3

1

1

1

0

0

3

1

1

36

Puducherry

1597

1392

969

226

147

145

1727

1619

1019

  

Total

467044

 449002

366138

151417

151113

131714

469418

451361

348279



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