Ministry of Science & Technology

SARS-CoV-2 Genomics Consortium

Posted On: 19 MAR 2021 5:17PM by PIB Delhi

The Indian SARS-CoV-2 Genomics Consortium (INSACOG) was set up for genomic surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 in India. The consortium involves ten Regional Genome Sequencing Laboratories (RGSLs) namely NIBMG Kalyani, ILS Bhubaneswar, ICMR-NIV Pune, NCCS Pune, CSIR-CCMB Hyderabad, CDFD Hyderabad, InStem/NCBS Bengaluru, NIMHANS Bengaluru, CSIR-IGIB Delhi, and NCDC Delhi. The RGSLs are currently utilizing their internal funds and resources for undertaking the activities of the consortium. The proposal for sanction of fund is under the financial appraisal process in the Department of Biotechnology.

In INSACOG, 10 laboratories were designated in India for Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) with the objectives: to ascertain the current status of new variant of SARS COV-2 in the country; to establish a sentinel surveillance for early detection of genomic variants with public health implication; to determine the genomic variants in the unusual events/trends (super spreader events, high mortality/ morbidity trend areas etc).

It was initially proposed to sequence five percent of all positive samples from each state in order to identify potential outbreaks and related strains as part of continuous surveillance with priority given to COVID-19 laboratories/ hospitals in urban areas and tertiary care District Hospitals as per the defined Standard Operating Procedure (SOP).  As of 10th March 2021, a total of 19,092 RT-PCR positive samples for SARS CoV-2 have been received from various states/UTs (across the 10 designated RGSLs), in which 4869 samples have been processed. Among the processed samples, 284 samples have been detected to be positive for the ‘UK strain’ and 11 samples positive for the ‘South African strain’ and 1 sample positive for the ‘Brazil strain’. The details regarding number of samples received for sequencing since the launch of the consortium till the 10thMarch has been provided in the Annexure-I.

State/UT-wise distribution of samples

State/UT

Total Number of Samples Received for Sequencing

Andaman & Nicobar Islands (UT)

80

Andhra Pradesh

449

Assam

80

Bihar

41

Chandigarh (UT)

180

Chhattisgarh

173

Dadra & Nagar Haveli & Daman & Diu  (UT)

5

Delhi (UT)

1232

Goa

65

Gujarat

519

Haryana

1183

Himachal Pradesh

539

Jammu & Kashmir (UT)

195

Jharkhand

146

Karnataka

137

Kerala

5191

Ladakh (UT)

13

Madhya Pradesh

335

Maharashtra

2826

Manipur

81

Meghalaya

102

Mizoram

149

Odisha

682

Puducherry (UT)

5

Punjab

1174

Rajasthan

1963

Sikkim

88

Tamil Nadu

102

Telangana

377

Tripura

131

Uttar Pradesh

85

Uttarakhand

181

West Bengal

583

Total

19092

 

This information was given by Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister for Science & Technology, Earth Sciences and Health & Family Welfare in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.

                                                                                                          

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SS/KG/LS(-19-03-2021                     



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