Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation
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Percapita Monthly Household Consumption Expenditure more than doubled during 2011-12 to 2022-23

Posted On: 24 FEB 2024 10:47PM by PIB Delhi

The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has conducted Household Consumption Expenditure Survey (HCES) during August 2022 to July 2023. This surveyon household consumption expenditure aims at generating estimates ofhousehold Monthly Per Capita Consumption Expenditure (MPCE) and its distribution separately for the rural and urban sectors of the country, for States and Union Territories, and for different socio-economic groups. The summary results of HCES: 2022-23 relating to MPCE is being released in the form of a factsheet. The factsheet of HCES: 2022-23 is available on the website (http://www.mospi.gov.in) of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. The detailed report of the survey will be brought out subsequently.

Theestimates of MPCE arebasedonthedata collected from 2,61,746 Households (1,55,014 in rural areas and 1,06,732 in urban areas) in the central sample spreadoverallStatesandUnionTerritoriesinthecountry.

In HCES:2022-23, the usual practice of imputation of the value figures for consumption out of (i) home-grown/home-produced stock and (ii) gifts, loans, free collection and goods received in exchange of goods and services etc. has been continued; and accordingly, estimates of MPCE have been generated. These estimates are presented in Section A.

Besides, a provision for collection of information on the quantity of consumption for a number of items, received and consumed by the households free of cost through various social welfare programmes has been made in HCES:2022-23. Consequently, the value figures for (i) food items: Rice, Wheat/Atta, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Ragi, Barley, Small Millets, Pulses, Gram, Salt, Sugar, Edible Oil and (ii) non-food items: Laptop/PC, Tablet, Mobile Handset, Bicycle, Motor Cycle/Scooty, Clothing (school uniform), Footwear (school shoe etc.) received free of cost by the households through these programmes, have been imputed using an appropriate method. Accordingly, another set of estimates of MPCE considering imputed values of these items and of consumption out of home produce, free collection, gifts, loans etc. has also been compiled for HCES: 2022-23. These estimates are presented in Section B.

 

  1. Estimates of MPCE (without considering imputed values of items received free of cost through various social welfare programmes in HCES:2022-23)

 

The values of average MPCEfor HCES:2022-23 (without considering the imputed values of the items received free of cost through social transfer), NSS 68th(2011-12) and NSS 66th(2009-10) rounds using Modified Mixed Reference Period (MMRP[1]) at all-India level at currentprices and at 2011-12 prices are given in Table 1 and Table 2 below:

Table 1: Average MPCE(Rs.) atcurrent Prices(without imputation)

Survey

Period

Rural

Urban

HCES: 2022-23

August 2022- July 2023

3,773

6,459

68th round (2011-12)

July 2011-June 2012

1,430

2,630

66th round (2009-10)

July 2009-June 2010

1,054

1,984

 

Table 2: Average MPCE (Rs.) at 2011-12 Prices (without imputation)

Survey

Period

Rural

Urban

HCES: 2022-23

August 2022- July 2023

2,008

3,510

68th round (2011-12)

July 2011-June 2012

1,430

2,630

66th round (2009-10)

July 2009-June 2010

1,238

2,359

 

 

 

  1. Estimates of MPCE (considering imputed values of items received free of cost through various social welfare programmes in HCES:2022-23@)

The values of average MPCEfor HCES:2022-23(considering imputed values of items received free of cost through social transfer), NSS 68th(2011-12) and NSS 66th(2009-10) rounds at all-India level at current prices and at 2011-12 prices are given in Table 3 and Table 4 below:

 

Table 3: Average MPCE (Rs.) at current Prices (with imputation for 2022-23)

Survey

Period

Rural

Urban

HCES: 2022-23

August 2022- July 2023

3,860

6,521

68th round (2011-12)

July 2011-June 2012

1,430

2,630

66th round (2009-10)

July 2009-June 2010

1,054

1,984

 

 

Table 4: Average MPCE (Rs.) at 2011-12 Prices (with imputation for 2022-23)

Survey

Period

Rural

Urban

HCES: 2022-23

August 2022- July 2023

2,054

3,544

68th round (2011-12)

July 2011-June 2012

1,430

2,630

66th round (2009-10)

July 2009-June 2010

1,238

2,359

 

[Note:-

@: Information on consumption of food items received free of cost under National Food Security Act (NFSA) and Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana (PMGKAY) launched by Government of India or any other state specific scheme was collected and value figures of the free food items consumed during the reference period of 30 days  was imputed.

For selected non-food items, i.e., Laptop/PC, Tablet, Mobile Handset, Bicycle, Motor Cycle/Scooty, Clothing (school uniform), Footwear (school shoe etc.) received free of cost by the households through several Government programmes etc., the value figures were imputed. However, for such items specific names of programmes were not ascertained in the survey.

**: The benefits provided under PM-JAY or any other state specific schemes provide cashless access to health care services for the beneficiary at the point of service, i.e., the hospital and the beneficiary does not have any information on the cost of the services availed. For such schemes, entire premium is borne by the Government and the beneficiary makes no contribution. Since HCES is not a record-based survey, often it is not possible to ascertain the exact ailment or disease for which the benefit has been availed. Hence, in view of the complexity and appropriateness involved in imputation of the expenditure for such services, no attempt has been made to impute the expenditure of health services availed by the households free of cost.

For similar reasons, the expenditure for free education services (i.e., reimbursement/waiver of school or college fees) has also not been imputed.]

 

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