Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

MEASURES TO CHECK POPULATION GROWTH

Posted On: 06 AUG 2021 2:28PM by PIB Delhi

As per the Report of the Technical Group on Population Projections (TGPP) July 2020, chaired by Registrar General of India (RGI), the projected population of the country, State/UT-wise and percentage growth of population, State/UT-wise during last five years, are placed in Annexure I.

Details of steps taken by the Government to stabilize population growth in last five years are given below:

  1. Mission Parivar Vikas has been introduced for substantially increasing access to contraceptives and family planning services in 146 high fertility districts in 7 high focus states.
  2. Expanded Contraceptive Choices: The current contraceptive basket has been expanded with inclusion of new contraceptives namely Injectable contraceptive (Antara programme) and Cent chroman (Chhaya).
  3. Post-partum Intrauterine contraceptive device (PPIUCD) incentive scheme under which PPIUCD services are provided post-delivery.
  4. Redesigned Contraceptive Packaging: The packaging for Condoms, OCPs and ECPs has now been improved and redesigned so as to augment the demand for these commodities.
  5. Family Planning Media Campaign: A holistic media campaign is in place to generate contraceptive demand.
  6. The WorldPopulation Day & fortnight (July 11 – July 24) is observed each year to boost Family Planning efforts all over the country.
  7. Vasectomy fortnight is observed throughout the country in November each year to lay emphasis on male participation.
  8. Scheme for Home Delivery of contraceptives by ASHAs at doorstep of beneficiaries has been taken up.
  9. Family Planning Logistics Management Information System (FP-LMIS)is being implemented to ensure last mile availability of FP commodities.

The Government has been implementing National Family Planning Programme which has been instrumental in controlling the population: 

  • The TFR of the country has declined from 2.9 in 2005 to 2.2 in 2018 (SRS)
  • 28 out of 36 States/UTs have already achieved the replacement level fertility of 2.1 or less
  • The Crude Birth Rate (CBR) has declined from 23.8 in 2005 to 20.0 in 2018 (SRS)
  • The Decadal growth rate has declined from 21.54% in 1990-2000 to 17.64% during 2001-11
  • The Wanted Fertility Rate has declined from 1.9 in NFHS III to 1.8 in NFHS IV

 

Family Planning is a target free programme, and the Government provides services based on voluntary and informed choice.

 

The Minister of State (The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare), Dr. BhartiPravin Pawar stated this in a written reply in the Lok Sabha here today.

Annexure I

Projected total Population with Percentage growth of population for last five years on 1st March - 2016 to 2020:
 India, States and Union Territories* ('000)

Year

2016

% Change in Population Growth 2016-17

2017

% Change in Population Growth

2017-18

2018

% Change in Population Growth

2018-19

2019

% Change in Population Growth

2019-20

2020

INDIA

12,91,074

1.11

13,05,463

1.10

13,19,844

1.09

13,34,235

1.08

13,48,616

JAMMU & KASHMIR*(UT)

12,897

0.79

12,999

0.78

13,101

0.78

13,203

0.77

13,305

HIMACHAL PRADESH

7,158

0.67

7,206

0.65

7,253

0.65

7,300

0.64

7,347

PUNJAB

29,140

0.82

29,380

0.81

29,619

0.81

29,859

0.80

30,099

HARYANA

27,455

1.48

27,861

1.45

28,266

1.44

28,672

1.41

29,077

NCT OF DELHI*

18,677

2.03

19,056

1.99

19,435

1.95

19,814

1.91

20,193

RAJASTHAN

74,240

1.36

75,248

1.34

76,256

1.32

77,264

1.31

78,273

UTTAR PRADESH

2,16,087

1.37

2,19,051

1.35

2,22,015

1.34

2,24,979

1.32

2,27,943

BIHAR

1,14,176

1.56

1,15,957

1.54

1,17,739

1.51

1,19,520

1.49

1,21,302

ASSAM

33,168

1.13

33,543

1.12

33,918

1.11

34,293

1.09

34,668

WEST BENGAL

95,079

0.64

95,688

0.64

96,297

0.63

96,906

0.63

97,516

JHARKHAND

35,800

1.49

36,334

1.47

36,869

1.45

37,403

1.43

37,937

ODISHA

43,966

0.79

44,312

0.78

44,658

0.77

45,004

0.77

45,350

CHHATTISGARH

27,571

1.40

27,956

1.37

28,340

1.35

28,724

1.34

29,109

MADHYA PRADESH

78,806

1.45

79,948

1.43

81,090

1.41

82,232

1.39

83,374

GUJARAT

65,158

1.42

66,084

1.40

67,010

1.38

67,936

1.36

68,862

MAHARASHTRA

1,18,727

0.96

1,19,869

0.95

1,21,011

0.94

1,22,153

0.93

1,23,295

ANDHRA PRADESH

51,371

0.55

51,655

0.55

51,938

0.54

52,221

0.54

52,504

KARNATAKA

64,229

0.81

64,752

0.81

65,275

0.80

65,798

0.80

66,322

KERALA

34,578

0.53

34,761

0.52

34,943

0.52

35,125

0.52

35,307

TAMIL NADU

74,635

0.47

74,989

0.47

75,342

0.47

75,695

0.47

76,049

CHANDIGARH*

1,136

1.32

1,151

1.22

1,165

1.20

1,179

1.19

1,193

UTTARAKHAND

10,755

1.20

10,884

1.19

11,013

1.16

11,141

1.16

11,270

SIKKIM

644

0.93

650

1.08

657

1.07

664

0.90

670

KARNATAKA

64,229

0.81

64,752

0.81

65,275

0.80

65,798

0.80

66,322

KERALA

34,578

0.53

34,761

0.52

34,943

0.52

35,125

0.52

35,307

TAMIL NADU

74,635

0.47

74,989

0.47

75,342

0.47

75,695

0.47

76,049

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

1,459

1.03

1,474

1.02

1,489

1.01

1,504

1.00

1,519

NAGALAND

2,086

1.05

2,108

1.00

2,129

0.99

2,150

0.98

2,171

MANIPUR

3,012

1.00

3,042

1.02

3,073

0.98

3,103

1.00

3,134

MIZORAM

1,157

1.04

1,169

1.03

1,181

0.93

1,192

1.01

1,204

TRIPURA

3,874

1.03

3,914

1.00

3,953

0.99

3,992

1.00

4,032

MEGHALAYA

3,129

1.02

3,161

0.98

3,192

1.00

3,224

0.99

3,256

DAMAN & DIU*

329

8.51

357

7.84

385

7.27

413

6.78

441

DADRA & NAGAR
HAVELI*

452

6.86

483

6.63

515

6.02

546

5.68

577

GOA

1,512

0.60

1,521

0.66

1,531

0.59

1,540

0.58

1,549

LAKSHADWEEP*

67

0.00

67

0.00

67

1.49

68

0.00

68

PUDUCHERRY*

1,402

2.43

1,436

2.37

1,470

2.31

1,504

2.19

1,537

ANDAMAN & NICOBAR
ISLANDS*

392

0.51

394

0.25

395

0.51

397

0.50

399

TELANGANA

36,462

0.69

36,714

0.69

36,967

0.68

37,220

0.68

37,473

LADAKH*

287

0.70

289

0.69

291

0.69

293

0.68

295

 

Source: Report of the Technical Group on Population Projections for India and States 2011-2036, July 2020

*Union Territory

 

 

*****

MV

HFW/PQ-Measures to check Population Growth/6thAugust2021/10



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