Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

Programmes to Increase Forest Cover

Posted On: 08 AUG 2022 4:39PM by PIB Delhi

Forest Survey of India (FSI), Dehradun, an organization under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change carries out the assessment of forest cover of the country biennially and the findings are published in India State of Forest Report (ISFR). This assessment gives the requisite data on change of forest cover in the country. As per ISFR2021, the total forest cover of the country is 7,13,789km2 which is 21.71% of the geographical area of the country. The forest cover of the country has increased by 1540km2 as compared to the last assessment i.e., ISFR 2019.Further, the overall increase in forest cover in the last one decade is 21,762km2. The details of State and Union Territory wise forest cover are given in Annexure-I.

Climate Change is expected to impact the diverse ecosystems of the country in different ways. As per India’s Third Biennial Update Report (2021) submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the studies on forests and biodiversity indicate that many natural ecosystems in the country are vulnerable to ongoing and future climate change. The studies also show that Indian forests still retain considerable potential for carbon sequestration. The dominant forest type in the country, namely the tropical dry forest, has considerable resilience to store carbon and maintain diversity in the face of climate related disturbances such as drought and fire as per studies in the Western Ghats, though changes in tree species composition are expected to occur. The studies have also brought out the vulnerability of the natural grasslands of the country to climate change with the risk of invasion by alien and native woody plants. There are already indications that both herbaceous and woody plants are moving to higher elevations in mountain regions such as the Himalaya.

Various schemes are being implemented by the Central and State Governments/Union Territory Administration for increase in forest and tree cover in the country. These include, the National Afforestation Programme (NAP) and Green India Mission (GIM) being implemented by the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change. National Afforestation Programme is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for regeneration of degraded forest and adjoining areas in the country. The scheme has been implemented through three-tier institutional setup of State Forest Development Agency (SFDA) at State level, Forest Development agency (FDA) at Forest Division level and Joint Forest Management Committees (JFMCs) at Village level. Green India Mission is one of the eight Missions outlined under the National Action Plan on Climate Change. It aims at protecting, restoring, and enhancing India’s forest cover and responding to climate change by means of plantation activities in the forest and non-forest areas.

Afforestation activities are also taken up under various programmes/funding sources such as Compensatory Afforestation Funds under Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA), afforestation activities under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGA), National Agroforestry Policy and Sub-mission on Agro-forestry (SMAF), National Bamboo Mission and National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture. In addition to above, State and UT Governments have their own afforestation and reforestation programmes. Almost every State has activities under social forestry, which largely focuses on tree planting in the areas outside forests.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Environment, Forest & Climate Change,Shri Ashwini Kumar Choubey in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.

 

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HS/PD

 

 

 

Annexure-I

 

 

State and Union Territory wise details of forest cover as per ISFR 2021 (Area in km2)

 

S. No.

State/UTs

Geographical area

Total forest cover

Percentage of geographical area

Change in forest

cover w.r.t ISFR 2019

1

Andhra Pradesh

1,62,968

29,784

18.28

647

2

Arunachal Pradesh

83,743

66,431

79.33

-257

3

Assam

78,438

28,312

36.09

-15

4

Bihar

94,163

7,381

7.84

75

5

Chhattisgarh

1,35,192

55,717

41.21

106

6

Delhi

1,483

195.00

13.15

-0.44

7

Goa

3,702

2,244

60.62

7

8

Gujarat

1,96,244

14,926

7.61

69

9

Haryana

44,212

1,603

3.63

1

10

Himachal Pradesh

55,673

15,443

27.73

9

11

Jharkhand 

79,716

23,721

29.76

110

12

Karnataka

1,91,791

38,730

20.19

155

13

Kerala

38,852

21,253

54.70

109

14

Madhya Pradesh

3,08,252

77,493

25.14

11

15

Maharashtra

3,07,713

50,798

16.51

20

16

Manipur

22,327

16,598

74.34

-249

17

Meghalaya

22,429

17,046

76.00

-73

18

Mizoram

21,081

17,820

84.53

-186

19

Nagaland

16,579

12,251

73.90

-235

20

Odisha

1,55,707

52,156

33.50

537

21

Punjab

50,362

1,847

3.67

-2

22

Rajasthan

3,42,239

16,655

4.87

25

23

Sikkim

7,096

3,341

47.08

-1

24

Tamil Nadu

1,30,060

26,419

20.31

55

25

Telangana

1,12,077

21,214

18.93

632

26

Tripura

10,486

7,722

73.64

-4

27

Uttar Pradesh

2,40,928

14,818

6.15

12

28

Uttarakhand

53,483

24,305

45.44

2

29

West Bengal

88,752

16,832

18.96

-70

30

A & N Islands

8,249

6,744

81.75

1

31

Chandigarh

114

22.88

20.07

0.85

32

Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu

602

227.75

37.83

0.10

33

Jammu &

Kashmir

Shape file Area

(54,624)

2,22,236

21,387

39.15

29

34

Ladakh

Shape file Area

(1,68,055)

2,272

1.35

18

35

Lakshadweep

30

27.10

90.33

0.00

36

Puducherry

490

53.30

10.88

0.89

 

Total

32,87,469

7,13,789

21.71

1,540



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