Ministry of Mines

Geological Heritage Sites of Himalayan Region of India

Posted On: 30 MAR 2022 3:43PM by PIB Delhi

Geological Survey of India (GSI) has identified two geological heritage sites in the Indian Himalayan Region of India.The details of the two sites identified by GSI in the Himalayan Region are as follows:


Name of the



Brief description of the site

Himachal Pradesh

Siwalik Fossil Park,




The Siwalik Fossil park displays a rich collection of vertebrate fossils recovered from the Siwalik rocks of the area of Plio-Pleistocene age. The deposition of Siwalik sediments took place in the narrow linear depression, called the 'fore deep', which started developing in front of the Himalayas since the inception of its uplift in the middle Miocene




Dolomite /

Limestone of Buxa


Mamley, near

Namchi, South


The Geoheritage site at Mamley exposes lithounits of Buxa Formation, Daling Group of Proterozoic age. The dolostones are profusely stromatolitic (Precambrian algal structures). This site provides one of the rare examples of early life in Sikkim Himalaya.


These two geological heritage sites of Indian Himalayan region are not on the verge of disappearance. These sites are preserved in the respective States.

Ministry of Mines has approached Ministry of Culture to explore the possibility of inclusion of Geological Heritage sites declared by GSI, under the purview of existing Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act 1958 (amended in 2010), by making suitable amendment in the Act.


This information was given by the Union Minister of Coal, Mines and Parliamentary Affairs Shri Pralhad Joshi in a written reply in  Lok Sabha today.




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Read this release in: Urdu