Ministry of Jal Shakti

Water Stressed Districts

Posted On: 18 MAR 2021 4:03PM by PIB Delhi

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) periodically assess the ground water resources pan-India in collaboration with States/Uts. As per the 2017 assessment, out of the total 6881 assessment units (Block/ Taluks/ Mandals/ watersheds/ Firkas) in the country, 1186 units (17 percent of the units) in 17 States/UTs have been categorized as ‘Over-exploited’ where the Annual Ground Water Extraction is more than Annual Extractable Ground Water Resource. State-wise status of assessment units are given in Annexure I.

 

As per the Central Water Commission (CWC) report entitled “Reassessment of Water Availability in India using Space Inputs”, the average annual water resources potential in the country is assessed as 1999.20 BCM. Details of basin-wise water availability is enclosed at Annexure-II.

 

         Water being a State subject, initiatives on water management including conservation and water harvesting in the Country is primarily States’ responsibility. However, the important measures taken by the Central Government for conservation, management of ground water and effective implementation of rain water harvesting in the country are at the following URL:

http://jalshakti-dowr.gov.in/sites/default/files/Steps_to_control_water_depletion_Feb2021.pdf.

 

  In addition, a number of States have done notable work in the field of water conservation/harvesting. Of these, mention can be made of ‘Mukhyamantri Jal Swavlamban Abhiyan’ in Rajasthan, ‘Jalyukt Shibar’ in Maharashtra, ‘Sujalam Sufalam Abhiyan’ in Gujarat, ‘Mission Kakatiya’ in Telangana, Neeru Chettu’ in Andhra Pradesh, Jal Jeevan Hariyali in Bihar, ‘Jal Hi Jeevan’ in Haryana among others.

Government of India launched Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA) in 2019, a time bound campaign with a mission mode approach intended to improve water availability including ground water conditions in the water stressed blocks of 256 districts in India. The districts were selected based on the groundwater extraction level as per the information available with the CGWB. In this regard, teams of officers from Central Government along-with technical officers from Ministry of Jal Shakti were deputed to visit water stressed districts and to work in close collaboration with district level officials to undertake suitable interventions. Further, Ministry launched ‘JSA-II-Catch the Rain’ on 21 December 2020 for awareness generation among people.

 

Government of India is implementing Atal Bhujal Yojana (Atal Jal), a Rs. 6000 Crore Central Sector Scheme, for sustainable management of ground water resources with community participation. Atal Jal is being implemented in 80 water stressed districts of Seven States viz. Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh as a pilot project. The districts have been identified based on the criticality of groundwater situations as proposed by the participating States.

 

CGWB periodically assess the Dynamic Ground Water Resources of the country in collaboration with States/UTs. The next assessment for the year 2020 is under process.

 

   Central Government supports construction of water harvesting and conservation works primarily through Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) and Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana – Watershed Development Component (PMKSY-WDC). The expenditure on water related works under MGNREGA during the last three years is given at Annexure III. Further, State-wise details of water harvesting structures created under PMKSY-WDC is given at Annexure IV.

 

Further other steps by the Central Government may be seen in the URL : http://jalshakti-dowr.gov.in/sites/default/files/Steps_to_control_water_depletion_Feb2021.pdf.

Annexure I

Annexure referred to in reply to part (a) & (b) of Unstarred Question No. 3840 to be answered in Lok Sabha on 18.03.2021 regarding “Water Stressed Districts”.

 

CATEGORIZATION OF BLOCKS/ MANDALS/ TALUKAS IN INDIA (2017)

S.No.

States / Union Territories

Total No. of Assessed Units

Safe

Semi-Critical

Critical

Over-Exploited

Saline

Nos.

%

Nos.

%

Nos.

%

Nos.

%

Nos.

%

 

States

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Andhra Pradesh

670

501

75

60

9

24

4

45

7

40

6

2

Arunachal Pradesh

11

11

100

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

Assam

28

28

100

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

4

Bihar

534

432

81

72

13

18

3

12

2

0

0

5

Chattisgarh

146

122

84

22

15

2

1

0

0

0

0

6

Delhi

34

3

9

7

21

2

6

22

65

0

0

7

Goa

12

12

100

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

8

Gujarat

248

194

78

11

4

5

2

25

10

13

5

9

Haryana

128

26

20

21

16

3

2

78

61

0

0

10

Himachal Pradesh

8

3

38

1

13

0

0

4

50

0

0

11

Jammu & Kashmir

22

22

100

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

12

Jharkhand

260

245

94

10

4

2

1

3

1

0

0

13

Karnataka

176

97

55

26

15

8

5

45

26

0

0

14

Kerala

152

119

78

30

20

2

1

1

1

0

0

15

Madhya Pradesh

313

240

77

44

14

7

2

22

7

0

0

16

Maharashtra

353

271

77

61

17

9

3

11

3

1

0

17

Manipur

9

9

100

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

18

Meghalaya

11

11

100

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

19

Mizoram

26

26

100

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

20

Nagaland

11

11

100

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

21

Odisha

314

303

96

5

2

0

0

0

0

6

2

22

Punjab

138

22

16

5

4

2

1

109

79

0

0

23

Rajasthan

295

45

15

29

10

33

11

185

63

3

1

24

Sikkim

4

4

100

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

25

Tamil Nadu

1166

427

37

163

14

79

7

462

40

35

3

26

Telangana

584

278

48

169

29

67

11

70

12

0

0

27

Tripura

59

59

100

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

28

Uttar Pradesh*

830

540

65

151

18

48

6

91

11

0

0

29

Uttarakhand

18

13

72

5

28

0

0

0

0

0

0

30

West Bengal **

268

191

71

76

28

1

0

0

0

0

0

 

Total States

6828

4265

62

968

14

312

5

1185

17

98

1

 

Union Territories

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Andaman & Nicobar

36

35

97

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

3

2

Chandigarh

1

0

0

1

100

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

1

1

100

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

4

Daman & Diu

2

1

50

0

0

1

50

0

0

0

0

5

Lakshdweep

9

6

67

3

33

0

0

0

0

0

0

6

Puducherry

4

2

50

0

0

0

0

1

25

1

25

 

Total UTs

53

45

85

4

8

1

2

1

2

2

4

 

Grand Total

6881

4310

63

972

14

313

5

1186

17

100

1

Note

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blocks- Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Jharkhand, Kerala, M.P., Manipur, Mizoram, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal

Taluks -Karnataka, Goa, Gujarat, Maharashtra

Mandals - Andhra Pradesh, Telangana

Districts/Valley- Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland

Islands - Lakshadweep, Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Firka-Tamil Nadu

Region - Puducherry

UT - Chandigarh, Dadar & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu

Tehsil-NCT Delhi

*Uttar Pradesh: There are total 820 block and 10 Cities

**The Ground Water resources assessment as on 2013 has been considered for the state of West Bengal

 

ANNEXURE-II

 

Annexure referred to in reply to part (a) & (b) of Unstarred Question No. 3840 to be answered in Lok Sabha on 18.03.2021 regarding “Water Stressed Districts”.

 

Basin-wise Details of Average Annual Water Availability in India.

 

Sl. No.

River Basin

Catchment area (sq.km)

Average Water Resources Potential (BCM)

1.

Indus

317708

45.53

2.

Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna

 

 

 

(a) Ganga

838803

509.52

 

(b) Brahmaputra

193252

527.28

 

(c) Barak & others

86335

86.67

3.

Godavari

312150

117.74

4.

Krishna

259439

89.04

5.

Cauvery

85167

27.67

6.

Subarnarekha

26804

15.05

7.

Brahmani-Baitarani

53902

35.65

8.

Mahanadi

144905

73.00

9.

Pennar

54905

11.02

10.

Mahi

39566

14.96

11.

Sabarmati

31901

12.96

12.

Narmada

96659.79

58.21

13.

Tapi

65805.80

26.24

14.

West Flowing Rivers from Tapi to Tadri

58360

118.35

15.

West Flowing Rivers from Tadri to Kanyakumari

54231

119.06

16.

East Flowing Rivers between Mahanadi and Pennar

82073

26.41

17.

East Flowing Rivers between Pennar & Kanyakumari

101657

26.74

18.

West Flowing rivers of Kutch and Surashtra including Luni

192112

26.93

19.

Area of Inland Drainage in Rajasthan

144835.90

Negligible

20.

Minor Rivers draining into Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh

31382

31.17

 

Total

3271953

1999.20

 

Source: Reassessment of Water Availability in India using Space Inputs, June 2019.

 

ANNEXURE-III

 

Annexure referred to in reply to part (f) of Unstarred Question No.3840 to be answered in Lok Sabha on 18.03.2021 regarding “Water Stressed Districts”.

 

The works taken up on Water Conservation & Water Harvesting under Mahatma Gandhi NREGA in last three year & current year in all States/UTs.

 

WATER CONSERVATION & WATER HARVESTING WORKS TAKEN UP UNDER MAHATMA GANDHI NREGA IN ALL STATES/UTS (as on 15th March 2021)

YEAR

COMPLETED

ONGING

NUMBER OF WORKS

EXPENDITURE

(in Rs. Lakh)

NUMBER OF WORKS

EXPENDITURE

(in Rs. Lakh)

2020-21

4,09,727

5,94,210.71

9,96,961

15,27,538.27

2019-20

3,61,683

8,66,406.33

7,44,236

4,43,911.50

2018-19

3,16,917

8,08,484.14

6,04,991

2,26,140.19

2017-18

3,81,705

6,11,878.52

4,70,559

69,815.22

 

Annexure-IV

 

Annexure referred to in reply to part (f) of Unstarred Question No. 3840 to be answered in Lok Sabha on 18.03.2021 regarding “Water Stressed Districts”.

 

State-wise details of WHS created/rejuvenated under PMKSY-WDC during 2015-16 to 2020-21 (as on 30.09.2020)

Sl. No

State

WHS created /rejuvenated

(in Nos.)

1

Andhra Pradesh

182075

2

Arunachal Pradesh

441

3

Assam

6797

4

Bihar

6045

5

Chhattisgarh

7608

6

Gujarat

39061

7

Haryana

3245

8

Himachal Pradesh

6655

9

Jammu & Kashmir*

4898

10

Jharkhand

3630

11

Karnataka

24430

12

Kerala

25296

13

Madhya Pradesh

27132

14

Maharashtra

9673

15

Manipur

6814

16

Meghalaya

1522

17

Mizoram

9092

18

Nagaland

2488

19

Odisha

21292

20

Punjab

365

21

Rajasthan

91869

22

Sikkim

125

23

Tamil Nadu

40220

24

Telangana

19011

25

Tripura

2355

26

Uttar Pradesh

20307

27

Uttarakhand

14634

28

West Bengal

13558

 

Total

5,90,638

 

       Note: Provisional and subject to change (As per information received from States)

* erstwhile J&K

 

   This information was given by the Minister of State for Jal Shakti & Social Justice and Empowerment Shri Rattan Lal Kataria in Lok Sabha today.

*****

BY/AS



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