Ministry of Jal Shakti
azadi ka amrit mahotsav

Depleting ground water level

Posted On: 04 AUG 2022 6:38PM by PIB Delhi

Availability of groundwater resources in an area depends on a number of factors like intensity & period of rainfall, geological strata of the area, number of existing recharge structures, extraction by consumers for various purposes like industrial applications, drinking/domestic purposes, irrigation etc and therefore, the increase or, depletion rate of the groundwater resources will be different for different areas.

However, the comparison of groundwater extraction between the years 2017 and 2020 (as assessed by the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) and States) indicates decrease in extraction (on an average for the entire country) from 249 BCM to 245 BCM. Further, in order to assess the long term fluctuation in ground water level, the water level data collected by CGWB (through a set of monitoring network) during November 2021 when compared with the decadal mean of November 2011 to Nov 2020 indicates that about 70 % wells have registered rise in water level whereas, about 30% of the wells monitored have registered decline in ground water level.

CGWB is not compiling the information with respect to year-wise extraction of groundwater resources, however, the State-wise details in this regard as assessed by the CGWB in collaboration with States/UTs for the last two assessments viz. for the years 2020 and 2017 are given at Annexure I.

The groundwater resource estimation in the country is being done at assessment units (blocks, mandals, talukas etc) level. The State-wise details (in percentage terms) of over-exploited assessment units vis-à-vis total number of available assessment units in the States are given at Annexure II.

Increased demand of fresh water for various uses, vagaries of rainfall, increased population; industrialization, urbanization etc. have impacted the sustainable water management in the country, however, sincere efforts are being made by the Government including all stakeholders through policy/site interventions to achieve the desired objective.

Though water is a State subject, Central Government has taken a number of important measures for conservation, management of ground water including effective implementation of rain water harvesting in the country, which can be seen at

http://jalshakti-dowr.gov.in/sites/default/files/Steps%20taken%20by%20the%20Central%20Govt%20for%20water_depletion_july2022.pdf.

Government of India is implementing Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA) in the country. First JSA was launched in 2019 in water stressed blocks of 256 districts which continued during the year 2021 (across entire country both rural and urban areas) also with the primary aim to electively harvest the monsoon rainfall through creation of artificial recharge structures, watershed management, recharge and reuse structures, intensive aerostation and awareness generation etc. JSA for the year 2021 and 2022 were launched by Hon'ble Prime Minister and Hon’ble President on 22.03.2021 and 29.03.2022 respectively.

Hon’ble Prime Minister launched Amrit Sarovar Mission on 24th April 2022. The Mission is aimed at developing and rejuvenating 75 water bodies in each district of the country as a part of celebration of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav.

Central Government is implementing Atal Bhujal Yojana with an outlay of Rs. 6,000 crore, in collaboration with States, in certain water stressed areas of Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. The primary aim of the scheme is demand side management through scientific means involving the local communities at village levels leading to sustainable groundwater management in the targeted areas.

CGWB is implementing National Aquifer Mapping Program (NAQUIM) with an aim to identify the groundwater aquifer system along-with their characterization for its sustainable management. Out of the total mappable area of nearly 25 lakh sq km, nearly 22.10 lakh sq km of the area (as on 30th June 2022) in the country has been covered. The balance area has been targeted to be covered by March 2023. The NAQUIM study report alongwith management plans are shared with States/UTs for suitable interventions.

The Central Government has notified groundwater regulation guidelines dated 24.09.2020 for controlling the extraction of groundwater by various consumers/project proponents like industries, infrastructure projects and mining projects under which No Objection Certificate (NOC) for extraction has been made mandatory.

Water is a State subject and several States have done notable work in the field of water conservation/harvesting such as ‘Mukhyamantri Jal Swavlamban Abhiyan’ in Rajasthan, ‘Jalyukt Shibar’ in Maharashtra, ‘Sujalam Sufalam Abhiyan’ in Gujarat, ‘Mission Kakatiya’ in Telangana, Neeru Chettu’ in Andhra Pradesh, Jal Jeevan Hariyali in Bihar, ‘Jal Hi Jeevan’ in Haryana, and Kudimaramath scheme in Tamil Nadu.

This information was given by the Minister of State, for Jal Shakti, Shri Bishweswar Tudu in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.

*****

AS                              

 

ANNEXURE I

State-wise data on ground water exploitation for the assessment years 2017 and 2020

S. No.

States /

Union Territories

2020

2017

Annual Extractable Ground Water Resource-2020 (in bcm)

Annual Ground Water Extraction-2020(in bcm)

Stage of Ground Water Extraction (%) -2020
 

Annual Extractable Ground Water Resource-2017 (in bcm)

Annual Ground Water Extraction -2017 (in bcm)

Stage of Ground Water Extraction (%) -2017

1

Andhra Pradesh

22.94

7.63

33.26

20.15

8.90

44.15

2

Arunachal Pradesh

2.92

0.01

0.36

2.67

0.01

0.28

3

Assam

21.97

2.58

11.73

24.26

2.73

11.25

4

Bihar

25.46

13.02

51.14

28.99

13.26

45.76

5

Chhattisgarh

11.55

5.35

46.34

10.57

4.70

44.43

6

Delhi

0.29

0.29

101.40

0.30

0.36

119.61

7

Goa

0.32

0.08

23.48

0.16

0.05

33.50

8

Gujarat

24.91

13.30

53.39

21.25

13.58

63.89

9

Haryana

8.63

11.61

134.56

9.13

12.50

136.91

10

Himachal Pradesh

0.97

0.36

36.83

0.46

0.39

86.37

11

Jharkhand

5.64

1.64

29.13

5.69

1.58

27.73

12

Karnataka

16.40

10.63

64.85

14.79

10.34

69.87

13

Kerala

5.12

2.65

51.68

5.21

2.67

51.27

14

Madhya Pradesh

33.38

18.97

56.82

34.47

18.88

54.76

15

Maharashtra

30.25

16.63

54.99

29.90

16.33

54.62

16

Manipur

0.46

0.02

5.12

0.39

0.01

1.44

17

Meghalaya

1.82

0.08

4.22

1.64

0.04

2.28

18

Mizoram

0.20

0.01

3.81

0.19

0.01

3.82

19

Nagaland

1.95

0.02

1.04

1.98

0.02

0.99

20

Odisha

15.71

6.86

43.65

15.57

6.57

42.18

21

Punjab

20.59

33.85

164.42

21.58

35.78

165.77

22

Rajasthan

11.07

16.63

150.22

11.99

16.77

139.88

23

Sikkim

0.86

0.01

0.86

1.52

0.00

0.06

24

Tamil Nadu

17.69

14.67

82.93

18.20

14.73

80.94

25

Telangana

15.03

8.01

53.32

12.37

8.09

65.45

26

Tripura

1.24

0.10

7.94

1.24

0.10

7.88

27

Uttar Pradesh

66.88

46.03

68.83

65.32

45.84

70.18

28

Uttarakhand

1.85

0.87

46.80

2.89

1.64

56.83

29

West Bengal*

26.56

11.84

44.60

26.56

11.84

44.60

30

Andaman and Nicobar

0.28

0.01

2.60

0.33

0.01

2.74

31

Chandigarh

0.06

0.05

80.60

0.04

0.03

89.00

32

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

0.07

0.03

45.99

0.07

0.02

31.34

 

Daman & Diu

0.03

0.03

113.38

0.02

0.01

61.40

33

Jammu and Kashmir

4.22

0.89

21.03

2.60

0.76

29.47

34

Ladakh

0.11

0.02

17.90

 

 

 

35

Lakshadweep

0.00

0.00

58.47

0.00

0.00

65.99

36

Puducherry

0.20

0.15

74.27

0.20

0.15

74.33

 

Grand Total

397.62

244.92

61.60

392.70

248.69

63.33

* The Ground Water resources assessment as on 2013 has been considered for the state of West Bengal.

 

 

ANNEXURE II

 

The State wise details of the over exploited assessment units vis-a-vis available assessment units

S.No.

State/Union Territories

Total
No. of Assessed Units

Over-Exploited Assessment Units

Nos.

%

1

Andhra Pradesh

667

23

3.45

2

Arunachal Pradesh

11

 

 

3

Assam

28

 

 

4

Bihar

534

7

1.31

5

Chhattisgarh

146

 

 

6

Delhi

34

17

50.00

7

Goa

12

 

 

8

Gujarat

248

25

10.08

9

Haryana

141

85

60.28

10

Himachal Pradesh

10

 

 

11

Jharkhand

259

3

1.16

12

Karnataka

227

52

22.91

13

Kerala

152

 

 

14

Madhya Pradesh

317

26

8.21

15

Maharashtra

353

10

2.83

16

Manipur

9

 

 

17

Meghalaya

12

 

 

18

Mizoram

26

 

 

19

Nagaland

11

 

 

20

Odisha

314

 

 

21

Punjab

150

117

78.00

22

Rajasthan

295

203

68.81

23

Sikkim

4

 

 

24

Tamil Nadu

1166

435

37.31

25

Telangana

589

44

7.47

26

Tripura

59

 

 

27

Uttar Pradesh

830

66

7.95

28

Uttarakhand

18

 

 

29

West Bengal*

268

 

 

30

Andaman and Nicobar

36

 

 

31

Chandigarh

1

 

 

32

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

1

 

 

 

Daman & Diu

2

1

50.00

33

Jammu and Kashmir

20

 

 

34

Ladakh

2

 

 

35

Lakshadweep

9

 

 

36

Puducherry

4

 

 

 

Grand Total

6965

1114

15.99

 

*****

 



(Release ID: 1848465) Visitor Counter : 486


Read this release in: Urdu