Ministry of Women and Child Development01-March, 2013 17:49 IST
Malnutrition in Children

As per the National Family Health Survey-3 (NFHS-3), 2005-06, in India 42.5% children under 5 years are underweight and 69.5 % are anaemic.  Malnutrition levels in some regions/countries of the world is mentioned below


The problem of malnutrition is complex, multi-dimensional and inter-generational in nature, and cannot be improved by a single sector alone.  The causes are varied and include inadequate consumption of food, frequent infections, lack of availability of safe drinking water and proper  sanitation,  illiteracy specially in women, poor access to health services,  low purchasing power, socio-cultural factors such as early marriages of girls, lack of care during pregnancy and infancy,  ignorance about nutritional needs of infants and young children etc.


The approach to deal with the nutrition challenges has been two pronged: First is the Multi-sectoral approach for accelerated action on the determinants of malnutrition in targeting nutrition in schemes/programmes of all the sectors. The second approach is the direct and specific interventions targeted towards the vulnerable groups such as children below 6 years, adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating mothers.

The Government has accorded high priority to the issue of malnutrition in the country and is implementing several schemes/programmes of different Ministries/Departments through State Governments/UT Administrations. The schemes/programmes include the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS), National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), Mid-Day Meal Scheme, Rajiv Gandhi Schemes for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG) namely SABLA, Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojna (IGMSY) as direct targeted interventions. Besides, indirect Multi-sectoral interventions include Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS), National Horticulture Mission, National Food Security Mission, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan, National Rural Drinking Water Programme etc.  All these schemes have potential to address one or other aspect of Nutrition.


The details of the funds sanctioned and utilized by the State Governments under some of the schemes implemented by Ministry of Women & Child Development namely, the ICDS, SABLA and IGMSY during the 11th five year plan are given below.





**It may be mentioned that this data of UNICEF for Asia and the World excludes China for severe underweight children

*the data refers to the most recent year available during the period from 2006 to 2010 as may be recent for the respective region/country.


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(Release ID :92852)