Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. 02-August, 2011 17:23 IST
Pollution in Big Cities
The Government has assessed the pollution level in big cities of the country. The level of pollution with respect to ambient air in cities, towns and industrial areas is monitored by the Central Pollution Control Board in association with various State Pollution Control Boards, Pollution Control Committees for Union Territories and NEERI, Nagpur in terms of Sulphur Dioxide (SO2), Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) and PM10 (particulate matter less than 10 micron) under National Air Quality Monitoring Programme (NAMP). Air quality data reveals that the annual average concentration of SO2 is within the limit (50 microgramme/cubic metre) while levels of NO2 have exceeded the limit of 40 microgramme/cubic metre in Asansol, Dhanbad, Delhi, Jamshedpur, Kolkata, Meerut and Mumbai during 2010. The levels of PM10 are exceeded in most of the cities, except Chennai, Kochi and Madurai during 2010. The pollution levels are rising due to rising population, increasing urbanization, industrial and vehicular pollution.

The steps taken by the Government to contain pollution in the cities include, inter alia, strengthening of public transport, supply of cleaner fuel as per Auto Fuel Policy, use of beneficiated coal in thermal power plants, more stringent mass emission norms for new vehicles in select cities, ‘Pollution Under Control’ certificate system for in-use vehicles, strict implementation of emission and effluent norms in air and water polluting industries. In addition, city-specific Ambient Air Quality Improvement Programme for 17 identified cities is implemented by concerned authorities.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Environment and Forests (independent charge) Shrimati Jayanthi Natarajan in a written reply to a question by Shri Om Prakash Mathur in Rajya Sabha today.

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KP
(Release ID :73681)