Press Information Bureau
Government of India
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
03-September-2012 16:59 IST
Emission of Carbondioxide

As per information available, the countries which are the largest contributor to Green House Gas (GHG) emissions in percentage terms are: China - 19.5%, USA - 19.2% India - 5.3%, Russia - 5.1%, Japan - 3.6% and Germany - 2.6%.

As India`s Gross Domestic Product grows, its emissions will increase in absolute terms but the growth rate of emissions will moderate as reflected in declining emissions intensity of Gross Domestic Product. As per Indian Network for Climate Change Assessment Report released in May 2010, the country`s GHG emissions have increased from 1228 million tones Carbondioxide (mtCO2) equivalent in 1994 to 1727 mtCO2 equivalent in 2007.

India does not have legally binding reduction commitments under Kyoto Protocol. However, Government of India is taking steps voluntarily to reduce GHG emissions. The Government has released the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) in June 30, 2008 which outlines India’s strategy to meet the challenge of Climate Change. Two of the eight National Missions i.e. National Solar Mission and National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency relate to mitigation of emissions and include ambitious programmes aimed at generating solar power and conserving energy. Energy Efficiency mission envisages setting norms for achieving energy efficiency under perform, achieve and Trade Scheme. Further, public and private sector entities participate in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol which helps in reducing emissions. These initiatives have the effect of reducing carbon emissions.

Further, Planning Commission has constituted a 25 Member Expert Group to prepare a low carbon sustainable growth strategy. The Expert Panel has prepared an interim report in May 2011 covering options to reduce GHG emission intensity in critical sectors of the Indian economy such as Power, Transport, Building, Industry and Forestry.

The above information was given by the Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Environment and Forests, Shrimati Jayanthi Natarajan to the Parliament today.