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Press Information Bureau
Government of India
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
27-August-2012 15:54 IST
River Pollution
The pollution load in rivers is increasing due to discharge of partially treated and untreated industrial and municipal waste. The Central Pollution Control Board is monitoring water quality of various river stretches in the country including Ganga, Yamuna, Krishna, Kaveri and Godavari River. Based on the monitoring, 150 polluted stretches have been identified along various rivers in the country.

The Ministry has initiated several measures for abatement of pollution of rivers including financial assistance for sewerage schemes under the National River Conservation Plan (NRCP) covering works such as interception & diversion of sewage, construction of Sewage Treatment Plants, and construction of Low Cost Sanitation Schemes (LCS) and installation of the Common Effluent Treatment Plants in industrial clusters. In addition, 17 categories of highly polluting industries are regularly monitored through the Central Pollution Control Boards (CPCB) as well as State Pollution Control Boards/ Pollution Control Committees (SPCBs/ PCCs) for ensuring compliance with the effluents discharge standards etc.

Based on the independent monitoring undertaken by reputed institutions, the water quality in terms of BOD values (Bio-chemical Oxygen Demand) for major rivers is reported to have improved as compared to the water quality before taking up pollution abatement works. However, the levels of bacterial contamination in terms of fecal coliform are reported to be exceeding the maximum permissible limit at various monitoring locations. Further, the CPCB and SPCBs monitor industries for compliance with respect to effluents discharge standards and take action for non-compliance under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

The above information was given by the Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Environment and Forests, Shrimati Jayanthi Natarajan to the Parliament today.

MC/sk