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Government of India
Ministry of Labour & Employment
21-December-2011 15:32 IST
Problem of Child Labour

 

                As per 2001 census, the total number of working children between the age group 5-14 years in the country was 1.26 crore. However, in the Survey conducted by NSSO, in 2004-05 the number of working children were estimated at 90.75 lakh. As per NSSO survey 2009-10, the working children are estimated at 49.84 lakh which shows decline trend. The State-wise information is as per Annexure-I. As per unit level records of NSSO , 2004-05, sector-wise information in percentage terms is as per Annexure-II

                                Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act prohibits  employment of children below the age of 14 years in 18 Occupations and 65 Processes  and regulates their working conditions in those occupations/processes where they are not prohibited from working. Any person who employs a child in any occupation or process where employment of  children is prohibited under the Act, is liable for punishment with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than 3 months but which may extend to one year or with fine ranging from Rs.10,000/- to Rs.20,000/- or with both. The Govt. of India has adopted a multi-pronged strategy for eradication of child labour as follows:

       (i) legal action plan.

       (ii) focus on general development programmes for the benefit of the families of Child Labour; and

     (iii) project-based action in areas of high concentration of Child labour.

      The above measure has yielded the positive results in eradication of child labour.

                In view of the above, there is no proposal under consideration.

                The Union Labour & Employment Minister Shri Mallikarjun Kharge gave this information in reply  to a written question the in  Rajya Sabha today.

                                                *****

                ST/-

 

 

 

Annexure I

State-wise Distribution of Working Children according to 2001 Census in the age group  of 5-14 years

Sl. No

Name of the State/UT

2001

1.                     

Andhra Pradesh

1363339

  1.  

Assam                                   

351416

  1.  

Bihar

1117500

  1.  

Gujarat

485530

  1.  

Haryana

253491

  1.  

Himachal Pradesh

107774

  1.  

Jammu & Kashmir

175630

  1.  

Karnataka

822615

  1.  

Kerala

26156

  1.  

Madhya Pradesh

1065259

  1.  

Maharashtra

764075

  1.  

Chhattisgarh

364572

  1.  

Manipur

28836

  1.  

Meghalaya

53940

  1.  

Jharkhand

407200

  1.  

Uttarakhand

70183

  1.  

Nagaland

45874


  1.  

Orissa

377594

  1.  

Punjab

177268

  1.  

Rajasthan

1262570

  1.  

Sikkim

16457

  1.  

Tamil Nadu

418801

  1.  

Tripura

21756

  1.  

Uttar Pradesh

1927997

  1.  

West Bengal

857087

  1.  

Andaman & Nicobar Island

1960

  1.  

Arunanchal Pradesh

18482

  1.  

Chandigarh

3779

  1.  

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

4274

  1.  

Delhi

41899

  1.  

Daman and Diu

729

  1.  

Goa

4138

  1.  

Lakshadweep

27

  1.  

Mizoram                                

26265

  1.  

Pondicherry

1904

 

Total

12666377

Source: Estimated from Unit Level Records of NSSO, 2004-05

                                                                                                                                        

 

 

 

State

Agri.

Mining & Quar

Mfg.

Elec.Water

Cons.

Trade,Hotel

Trnsprt

Finance

Com.,Soc

Total

A.P.

68.96

0.96

9.70

0.00

3.20

9.02

1.05

0.00

7.11

100

Assam

69.26

1.78

8.42

0.00

1.78

7.76

0.05

0.00

10.96

100

Bihar

71.84

0.00

11.16

0.00

0.00

15.49

0.07

0.38

1.05

100

Chhattisgarh

87.90

0.00

2.37

0.00

0.86

7.17

0.00

0.00

1.70

100

Delhi

0.00

0.00

11.08

0.00

0.00

57.83

0.00

0.00

31.09

100

Goa

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

4.60

0.00

72.46

0.00

22.94

100

Gujrat

76.69

1.04

2.58

0.00

0.28

17.77

0.16

0.00

1.48

100

H.P.

87.42

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

6.71

1.21

0.00

4.66

100

Haryana

65.57

0.00

3.81

0.00

7.03

8.08

0.00

0.00

15.51

100

Jharkhand

65.28

0.00

14.63

0.00

4.25

12.08

0.66

0.26

2.84

100

Karnataka

82.60

0.22

9.27

0.00

1.19

5.73

0.70

0.00

0.30

100

Kerala

19.22

0.00

32.78

0.00

0.00

31.95

0.00

0.00

16.05

100

M.P.

82.89

0.00

9.93

0.00

1.50

4.33

0.00

0.00

1.34

100

Maharastra

82.62

0.00

5.34

0.00

1.92

5.75

0.13

0.14

4.09

100

Orissa

73.18

0.88

17.36

0.00

3.25

3.34

0.91

0.00

1.08

100

Punjab

67.91

0.00

12.71

0.00

1.16

7.21

2.59

0.00

8.43

100

Rajasthan

75.78

0.00

9.60

0.19

2.94

7.26

0.05

3.74

0.44

100

T.N.

39.49

0.00

44.55

0.00

5.91

5.68

1.54

0.16

2.68

100

U.P.

61.24

0.00

25.34

0.00

0.40

9.73

0.68

0.50

2.11

100

Uttaranchal

80.73

0.00

4.72

0.00

5.24

9.31

0.00

0.00

0.00

100

W.B.

34.57

0.00

43.93

0.00

3.27

9.66

1.19

0.80

6.59

100

Total

68.14

0.25

16.55

0.02

1.95

8.45

0.66

0.57

3.41

100

 

Annexure-II

Sectoral Distribution of India’s Child Labour,2004-05