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Press Information Bureau
Government of India
Ministry of Labour & Employment
14-December-2011 16:40 IST
Rate of Employment Generation

 

              Reliable estimates of employment and unemployment are obtained through quinquennial labour force surveys conducted by National Sample Survey Office. Last such survey was conducted during 2009-10.   As per the two most recent surveys, employment estimated on current daily status basis has decelerated from an annual rate of growth of 2.62 per cent during 1999-2000-2004-05 to 1.02 percent in 2009-10.  Unemployment rate on current daily status basis has reduced from 8.28 % in 2004-05 to 6.60% in 2009-10.

 

                  Government of India has been making constant efforts through normal growth process and by implementing various employment generation schemes to check unemployment in the country.  Some of the important schemes are Swarana Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY); Prime Minister's Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP); Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana(SGSY) and Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) besides entrepreneurial development programmes run by Ministry of  Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises. 

 

                According to quarterly surveys conducted by Labour Bureau, an organization under the Ministry of Labour & Employment, over all employment has shown an increase of over 20.58 lakhs during the period of October, 2008 to June, 2011.  The employment declined only in two quarters of surveys so far i.e. October, 2008 to December 2008 and April, 2009 to June,2009. The state wise data is not available.

 

                Sector-wise total employment on usual status basis is as under:

Sectors

Total employment (in million)

2004-05

2009-10

Agriculture

268.30

247.39

Industry

83.47

99.98

Services

107.32

118.12

Total

459.10

465.48

                 City- wise data is not maintained.

               

                The Union Labour & Employment Minister Shri Mallikarjun Kharge gave this information in reply  to a written question in  Rajya Sabha today.

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