Press Information Bureau
Government of India
Ministry of Human Resource Development
14-December-2011 16:14 IST
Greater Access to Education


            The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which has come into force with effect from 01.04.2010, provides for free and compulsory education to all children in the 6-14 age group in a neightbourhood school.  The norms of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) programme, which provides for universalisation of elementary education, have been modified to align with the provision of RTE Act.  Conditions of service and pay scale of teachers are regulated by the State Governments.  RTE Act prescribes following timeframe for accomplishing school and school infrastructure related items.



Time Frame

Establishment of neighborhood schools

3 years (by 31st March, 2013)

Provision of school infrastructure

  • All weather school buildings
  • One -classroom-one-teacher
  • Head Teacher-cum-Office room
  • Library
  • Toilets, drinking water
  • Barrier free access
  • Playground, fencing, boundary walls

3 years (by 31st March, 2013)

Provision of teachers as per prescribed PTR

3 years (by 31st March, 2013)

Training of untrained teachers

5 years (by 31st March 2015)

Quality interventions and other provisions

With immediate effect


            Under SSA programme significant school infrastructure has been provided which includes construction of 2.67 lakh school buildings, 14.10 lakh additional classrooms, provisions of 2.12 lakh drinking water facility and 4.77 lakh school toilets so far.


            A centrally sponsored scheme, Rashtriya Madhyamic Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) was launched in March 2009 to enhance access and improve quality of education at secondary stage, while ensuring equity.  The programme envisages enhancing the environment by providing a secondary schools within a reasonable distance of every habitation, improving quality of education imparted at secondary level through making all secondary conform to prescribed norms, removal of gender, socio-economic and disability barriers, universal access to secondary level education by 2017 (GER 100%) and universal retention by 2020.


            This information was given by Dr. D. Purandeswari, Minister of State for Human Resource in written reply to a question in  Lok  Sabha today.