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Government of India
Ministry of Power
23-December-2010 16:26 IST
Generating Capacity Increases to 167317 MW

Major Power Sector Reforms Initiated
CAPACITY ADDITION

 

Year End Review – 2010

Ministry of Power

 

 

 

CAPACITY ADDITION

            There has been sizeable growth in the power sector as the generating capacity in the country has increased to 167317.36 MW as on 30.11.2010. The installed capacity sector-wise & type wise as on 30.11.2010 is given below:

           

                                                                                               (MW)

Sector

Hydro

                      Thermal

 

Nuclear

R.E.S

 Total

 

 

Coal

Gas

Diesel

Total

 

(MNRE)

 

CENTRAL

8685.40

31920.00

6702.23

0.00

38622.23

4560.00

0.00

51867.63

STATE

27257.00

47267.00

4317.12

602.61

52186.73

0.00

2822.32

82227.05

PRIVATE

1425.00

10591.38

6605.50

597.14

17794.02

0.00

13964.66

33183.68

TOTAL

37367.40

89778.38

17624.85

1199.75

108602.98

4560.00

16786.98

167317.36

 

Note: - R.E.S. includes SHP , BG, BP, U&I and Wind Energy.

 

            The details of capacity commissioned/ to be commissioned during the Eleventh Plan are given in the Table below:

 

Fuel –Wise Details

                                                                                                       (in MW)

Type

Mid-term appraisal target

Commissioned

(Upto 15.11.2010)

(MW)

Under construction

Hydro

8,237

3,921

4,316

Thermal

50,757

24,780

26,361

Nuclear

3,380

660

2,720

Total

62,374

29,361*

33,397

 

* This includes a Capacity of 384 MW commissioned from additional projects

 

Sector –wise Details

                                                                                                             (in MW)

Type

Mid-term appraisal target

Commissioned

(Upto 15.11.2010) (MW)

Under construction

Central

21,222

7,905

13,317

State

21,355

12,511

8,865

Private

19,797

8,945

11,215

Total

62,374

29,361*

33,397

 

* This includes a Capacity of 384 MW commissioned from additional projects

Monitoring Mechanism

 

The Ministry of Power has adopted a robust monitoring system for the capacity addition programme so as to see that the projects are executed in time. Monitoring of power projects are carried by the Ministry at different levels i.e. by the Central Electricity Authority, by the Ministry of Power, through the Power Project Monitoring Panel (PPMP) and the Advisory Group. The Eleventh Plan Capacity Addition Programme is also monitored by the Planning Commission, PMO and the Cabinet Secretariat, as well.

 

ULTRA MEGA POWER PROJECTS

 

  • Ministry of Power had launched an initiative for development of coal based Ultra Mega Power Projects (UMPPs) each of about 4000 MW capacity under Case – II bidding route employing super critical technology.
  • Pit head projects are proposed as integrated proposals with corresponding, captive coal mines.  For coastal projects imported coal is proposed to be utilized.
  • The UMPPs would be environment –friendly, as super critical technology is proposed to be adopted to derive maximum thermal efficiency resulting in saving of fuel and reduced emissions.
  • The UMPPs are being developed by shell companies which are 100% subsidiaries of Power Finance Corporation Ltd.
  • Shell companies will be responsible for preparation of Project Report, tie up of various inputs/clearances, appointment of consultants, preparation of RfQ/RfP, etc.
  • Once the developer is selected, ownership of the shell company shall be transferred to the successful bidder.
  • Four UMPPs namely Sasan in MP, Krishnapatnam in Andhra Pradesh, Tilaiya in Jharkhand and Mundra in Gujarat have been awarded to the developers (the first three to M/s Reliance Power Ltd. and the last one to M/s Tata Power Ltd.).
  • Two units each of 800 MW of Mundra UMPP are expected to come up in the 11th Plan.
  • Request for Qualification (RfQ) for two UMPPs namely in Sarguja District of Chhattisgarh and in Sundergarh District of Orissa have been issued. 
  • Sites in respect of Tamil Nadu UMPP and Andhra Pradesh Second UMPP have been identified.  Efforts are being made to bring them  to bidding stage at the earliest.
  • Efforts are being made for selection of sites for remaining UMPPs.

 

POWER SECTOR REFORMS

Task Force on Measures for Operationalising Open Access in the Power Sector

 

The Task Force on Measures for Operationalising Open Access in the Power Sector, set up under the chairmanship of Member (Power), Planning Commission, has submitted its report. 

 

Reconstitution of the Task Force

 

  • The Planning Commission vide OM dated 4.2.2010 has reconstituted an inter-Ministerial Task Force on Measures for Operationalising Open Access in the Power Sector.
  • The Task Force will examine the progress made in implementation of the recommendations made by the previous Task Force for operationalising open access in Power Sector.  Its recommendation may cover, inter-alia, the following:-

 

a)   Measures for implementation of the recommendations made by the previous Task Force for operationalising open access in Power Sector.

b)  Further course of action on issues pertaining to operationalising open access, listed in Part (B) of the recommendations of the previous Task Force.

 

Operationalisation of Power System Operation Corporation Limited   (POSOCO)

 

Government of India has operationalised Power System Operation Corporation Limited w.e.f 1st October, 2010. POSOCO will manage load dispatch functions earlier being managed by the CTU i.e. POWERGRID.  

 

Guidelines for Procurement of Electricity

 

The Central Government has issued amendment to the guidelines for procurement of power by Distribution Licensees through competitive bidding, under section 63 of the Electricity Act, 2003, on 21.7.2010.  The Central Government has also issued amendments to the Standard Bidding Document for long term procurement of power from Case-1 projects, where the location, technology or fuel is not specified on 21.7.2010.

 

Regulations notified by Central Electricity Authority under the Electricity Act, 2003

 

            The following regulations were notified by Central Electricity Authority under Electricity Act, 2003 in 2010:

 

  • Central Electricity Authority (Grid Standards) Regulations, 2010.
  • Central Electricity Authority (Installation and Operation of Meters) Amendment Regulations, 2010.
  • Central Electricity Authority (Technical Standards for Construction of Electrical Plants and Electrical Lines) Regulations, 2010.
  • Central Electricity Authority (Measures relating to Safety and Electric Supply) Regulations, 2010.

 

Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana

 

            Central Government launched the scheme “Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojna” (RGGVY) of rural electricity infrastructure and household electrification in 2005 for the attainment of the National Common Minimum Programme (NCMP) goal for providing access to electricity to all households in the country in five years.

 

            This programme was continued in the 11th Plan with an aim to electrify about 1.15 lakh un-electrified villages and provide free electricity connections to 2.34 crores BPL households. This is one of the flagship programmes of the Central Government. In this programme, the Government is providing 90% of the project cost as subsidy.   

 

            Rural Electrification achievements under Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana(RGGVY) during the year 2010 (from January, 2010 to November, 2010) are as under:

 

 

Villages

Nos.

Rural Household (RHH)

BPL*

I

Un-electrified

20,184

 

 

54,50,036

 

 

51,43,492

II

Electrified

67,213

 

Total

87,397

 

* This is included in the total RHH

                                                                                        

            Franchisees have been deployed in 8,312 villages in 16 States during the year 2010.

A scheme for supplying electricity to the rural household of the villages within radius of 5 Km of Power Stations set up by Central Public Sector Undertakings(CPSUs) has been launched in April, 2010.

 

 

RESTRUCTURED ACCELERATED POWER DEVELOPMENT AND REFORMS PROGRAMME (R-APDRP)

 

            Achievements in implementation of R-APDRP during the period of January, 2010 to 15th December, 2010 are indicated below:

 

  • Under Part-A of R-APDRP, 48 Projects worth Rs. 216.75 crore and 18 SCADA projects worth Rs. 471.58 crore were sanctioned.

 

  • Under Part-B of R-APDRP, 775 projects worth Rs. 14854.43 crore have also been sanctioned.

 

  • Under R-APDRP Rs. 1157.98 crore as loan was released to PFC for disbursement among the Utilities against the project sanctioned for Part –A & Part-B and Rs. 45.17 crore as grant was released to PFC as fee to nodal agency. In addition, Rs. 300 crore loan is under process for release shortly.

 

  • The IT Implementation Agencies (ITIAs) have been appointed by Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Chandigarh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamilnadu, Himachal Pradesh and Sikkim.

 

 

ENERGY CONSERVATION

 

Achievements during 2010

           

            Bachat Lamp Yojana (BLY) promotes energy efficient and high quality compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) as a replacement  for incandescent bulbs at Rs.15 each in households by leveraging the Clean Development Mechanism(CDM) benefits under the  United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change(UNFCCC). The scheme got registered as a programme of activity (PoA) with the CDM Executive Board of UNFCCC on 29.4.2010. Now the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) will act as a managing and and coordinating entity. All States/UTs will now be in a position to develop the CDM projects and get them included in the PoA as and when they are ready. The states which have initiated BLY include Goa, Gujarat, Punjab Phase II, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa, Rajasthan, Kerala, UP, Uttarakhand and Delhi. Approximately 200 lakhs CFLs have been distributed. During 2010-11 (upto 30.9.2010) an unverified energy savings of 130 MW was achieved due to this programme.

 

            Standards and Labeling Scheme targets high energy end-use equipments and appliances to lay down minimum energy performance standards. Labeling of air-conditioners, refrigerators, Tubular Florescent Lamps (TFLs) and distribution transformers were made mandatory on 7.1.2010. The other equipments and appliances which have been included as voluntary programme include geysers, motors, pumps sets, colour televisions, LPG stoves, and ceiling fans. During 2010-11 (upto 30.09.2010) unverified energy saving of 829 MW have been reported under the scheme.

 

            Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) sets minimum energy performance standards for new commercial buildings having a connected load of 100 kW. The Energy Efficiency measures in existing buildings have also been carried out through retrofitting. The draft guidelines for incorporating ECBC into Municipal byelaws of Chandigarh and Haryana have been prepared. A total number of ESCOs empanelled with BEE stands 89 which include fresh empanelment. The ESCOs have been accredited and rated by CRISIL/ICRA/CARE.

 

            National Mission of Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE)

 

The Cabinet approved the National Mission in June, 2010. The objective of the Mission is to devise efficient and cost effective strategies through demand side management, initiatives and market transformation in favour of energy efficient processes, products and services. These initiatives include:

 

(a)               A market based mechanism to enhance cost effectiveness of improvements in energy efficiency in energy-intensive large industries which facilitate energy saving certificates that could be traded. (Perform Achieve and Trade)

(b)               Accelerating the shift to energy efficient appliances in designated sectors through innovative measures to make the products more affordable. (Market Transformation for Energy Efficiency (MTEE))

(c)               Creation of mechanisms that would help finance demand side management programme in all sectors by capturing future energy savings. (Energy Efficiency Financing Platform (EEFP))

(d)               Developing fiscal instrument to promote energy efficiency namely, Framework for Energy Efficient Economic Development (FEEED).

    

Baseline study on specific energy consumption for designated consumers of 8 industrial sectors have been initiated for setting targets. Energy Efficiency Financing Platform (EEFP) has been launched. MOUs have been signed with Power Trading Corporation (PTC) and Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL). Six large Govt. buildings have been taken up for financing.

 

RJ/SKK