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Press Information Bureau
Government of India
Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
21-December-2010 18:59 IST
Agriculture and Allied Sectors Record 4.4 % Growth Rate in 2nd Quarter;

New Initiative to Extend Green Revolution to Eastern India to Bridge Yield Gaps;

Record Kharif Production;

PRESS INFORMATION BUREAU

HIGHER MSP FOR PULSES TO INCENTIVIZE PULSES PRODUCTION

629 TONNES OF NUCLEUS, 9554 TONNES OF BREEDER, 7745 TONNES OF FOUNDATION SEEDS DEVELOPED FOR IMPROVED AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AND PRODUCTION;

TWENTY-FOUR VARIETIES OF HIGH YIELDING

HORTICULTURAL CROPS RELEASED;

TWO CLONED BUFFALO CALVES NAMED GARIMA II AND

SHRESHT BORN AT NDRI, KARNAL

 

The agriculture and allied sectors recorded unprecedented growth rate of 4.4 % in the July-September quarter of this year. Even with burgeoning population and increased pressure on land, concerns about climate change and the vagaries of nature and soil stress, the  Agriculture Ministry’s strategy of   mobilizing higher investments, bridging yield gaps, timely and adequate supply of  quality inputs (seeds, fertilizers, credit), stress on improving soil health, special focus on oilseeds and pulses, substantial increase in Minimum Support Price, and extension reforms have  reversed the trend of decline in growth of agricultural GDP.

Recent Policy Initiatives

            In April this year the government constituted a Core Group of Chief Ministers from states in different regions to provide recommendations on the agriculture development agenda.  The Core Group met under the Chairmanship of the Prime Minister, and formed three working groups to deliberate on issues relating to Agriculture Production, Food and Public Distribution and Consumer Affairs.  The Prime Minister’s Council on Trade and Industry also set up a sub group on Enhancing Agriculture Production and Food Security.  Ideas generated in these policy sessions have already started impacting implementation strategies.

Public Investments in Agriculture: The RKVY

The share of public investments in the Gross Capital Formation in agriculture and allied sectors has been going up significantly in the recent years.  The Plan outlay on various schemes of Department of Agriculture and Cooperation has increased substantially – from Rs 9865 crore in 2008-09 to Rs 17254 crore – in 2010-11 (BE). The increase is mainly due to substantially higher investments under RKVY which was launched in 2007-08 with the aim of boosting agricultural growth rate, and to incentivize States to increase public investments in agriculture and allied sectors.  RKVY has succeeded in its objective of acting as a catalyst for pulling in more public investments for agriculture and allied sectors in the Plan outlays of State Governments. For all States put together, this has gone up from 4.9 % before RKVY was launched to 6.4% in 2009-10.

Bridging Yield Gaps

 A new initiative to extend Green Revolution to the water surplus States in the eastern region   was announced in this year’s budget with an initial outlay of Rs. 400 crore under the RKVY.  This is aimed at bridging the yield gap in major crops.  The programme, covering the States of Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Eastern UP, West Bengal, Orissa and Assam envisages the adoption of new seed varieties, farm machinery, integrated nutrient and pest management and knowledge based interventions from different agro climatic zones. Another initiative of ‘Sixty Thousand pulses and oilseeds villages’ in rain fed areas provides  integrated interventions in areas of water harvesting, watershed management and soil health to enhance the productivity of dry land farming areas.   After the Prime Minister’s visit to J&K, a special initiative to revive saffron production in J&K was also announced within the ambit of RKVY.

National Food Security Mission (NFSM) 

The primary focus of the NFSM is to ensure higher production and productivity of rice, wheat and pulses and to ensure enhanced incomes for farmers.  At present, NFSM covers 476 districts across 17 States.  Under a new initiative, the A3P (Accelerated Pulses Production Programme), one million hectares of potential areas for the major pulses crops – tur, urad, moong, gram and lentil – have been taken up for large scale demonstration of production and protection technologies in compact blocks. Apart from this, the Government also raised the Minimum Support Prices (MSPs) for pulses.

Paddy

1000

Jowar

880

Bajra

880

Maize

880

Ragi

965

Arhar(Tur)

3000

Moong

3170

Urad

2900

Cotton

2500

Groundnut In Shell

2300

Sunflower Seed

2350

Soybean black

1400

Sesamum

2900

Nigerseed

2450

Wheat

1120

Barley

780

Gram

2100

Masur (Lentil)

2250

Rapeseed/Mustard

1850

Safflower

1800

Sugarcane (FRP)

139.12

 

 

Latest MSPs of major crops

 

 

The MSP of Arhar (Tur) has been fixed at Rs. 3000 per quintal, of Moong at Rs. 3170 per quintal and of Urad at Rs.2900 per quintal, marking an increase of Rs. 700 per quintal, Rs. 410 per quintal and Rs. 380 per quintal, respectively over the last year’s MSPs. In addition, an additional incentive at the rate of Rs. 5 per kg for tur, urad and moong sold during the harvest/arrival period of two months to procurement agencies shall also be provided. The MSP of gram and Masur was also raised by Rs. 340 and Rs. 380 per quintal respectively.

Record Kharif Production 2010

Due to the steps taken by the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, the food grain production is expected to touch 115 million tonnes (+11 MT), pulses to 6 MT (+1.7) and sugarcane and oilseeds are also expected to be higher by 47MT and 1.6 MT respectively. Cotton production is expected to be higher by 95 lakh bales. 

Crop Diversification and Farm Incomes

The NHM (National Horticulture Mission) and the HMEH (Horticulture Mission for North East and Himalayan states focus on the holistic development of the horticulture sector in the country. Interventions include establishment of nurseries and tissue culture labs, distribution of quality planting material, area expansion, precision farming, water resources, INM/IPM, GAP, organic farming, infrastructure support for cold chain logistics and forward integration with markets.  Because of these interventions, the production of fruits and vegetables and spices has gone up by 26%, 22% and 11% respectively.   A national Mission on Micro Irrigation has also been launched from June this year to ensure optimal use of water and nutrients through drip and sprinklers.   The enhanced MSP for major commodities and MIS interventions have ensured that higher production and productivity translates into enhanced farmer incomes.

Quality Inputs

Timely provision of quality seeds at affordable prices has been assured through the Seed Village Programme and revamping of infrastructure for seed production and certification. The National Seeds Corporation and the State Farms Corporation of India have recorded impressive gains over the last two years. NSC has been accorded the status of a Mini Ratna among the PSUs. Under the National Programme for Management of Soil Health and Fertility, 239 STLs (Soil Testing Laboratories) have been established.  

Gearing up Extension

Implementation plans and strategies were developed at the beginning of crop season in consultation with the ICAR institutions in a series of consultative workshops on different crops to ensure effective implementation of these strategies. Extensive touring by senior officers of the Ministry and their close interaction with the extension officials of the states at different levels geared up the extension work.  As a result agriculture inputs such as quality seeds, fertilizers, package   of practices reached the farmers in time with very few complaints. 

Agricultural Credit

With government providing additional interest subvention of 2% to farmers who repay their loan as per schedule, the effective rate of interest on crop loans up to Rs. 3 lakh is 5% per annum. This has given a boost to agricultural credit, and over 4.82 crore farmers were covered in 2009-10. This year the target for agricultural loans is Rs. 375,000 crore. It may also be mentioned that loans up to Rs. 1 lakh per annum have been made collateral free.  As such, state governments have been advised to ensure that Kisan Credit Cards are issued to all eligible and willing   farmers.

New Interventions

The new interventions made in recent times include nutrition based subsidy regime in fertilizer, Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme, Pilot Coconut Palm Insurance Scheme, Modified National Agricultural Insurance Scheme, Rehabilitation Package for Suicide Prone Districts, initiatives for Bundelkhand , Kuttanad, Idduki, revival package for the co-op sector, support to state extension reforms, establishment of agri clinics and agribusiness centres by agricultural graduates, Kisan Call  Centre, portal development, strengthening of Agmark grading facilities, Grameen Bhandaran Yojana and the National Centre for Cold Chain Development.

Nucleus Seed, Breeder Seed, Foundation Seed Production

            Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) produced 629 tonnes of nucleus seed, 9554 tonnes of breeder seed, 7745 tonnes of foundation seed, 3471 tonnes of certified seeds, 10443 tonnes of truthfully labelled seed for improved agricultural productivity and production.  41,41,261 disease free planting material of different horticultural crops was also produced.

            Five rice hybrids and three rice varieties, eight wheat varieties, six maize hybrids and three composite varieties, six Pearl millet hybrids, and one variety each of Finger millet, Barnyard millet, Kodo millet, Foxtail millet and Proso millet were released during the year.

            Amongst oilseeds, Girnar 3, a Spanish bunch variety of groundnut, for commercial cultivation in West Bengal, Manipur, and Orissa for Kharif; Sunflower hybrid PSH 569 with high seed yield and 40% oil content for Punjab; and Castor hybrid YRCH 1 with seed yields of 1,800kg/ha and 49% oil content for Tamil Nadu were released. One sesame and two linseed varieties also recommended. 

            Amongst pulse crops, four high-yielding varieties -- kabuli chickpea IPCK 2002-29 (Shubhra) for Maharshtra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat, mungbean IPM 02- 3 in Kharif for Punjab, Western Uttar Pradesh and Haryana,  urdbean IPU 2-43 in Kharif for Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka and fieldpea IPF 5-19  for  Punjab, Western Uttar Pradesh and Haryana released for cultivation.

            Twenty four varieties of high yielding horticultural crops [five (5) fruits, twelve (12) vegetables and seven (7) flowers] were developed and released during 2010.  This includes a high lycopene content variety of guava Arka Kiran; seedless Jamun variety Goma Priyanka;.and a nutrient efficient variety of potato Kufri Gaurav.

            Two cloned buffalo calves named Garima II and Shresht born at National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal which would help in producing animals of superior germplasm and of desired sex.

            Twenty new Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) established raising the total number to 589. e-connectivity hub for 292 KVKs and 8 ZPDs located at KAB-I, Pusa, New Delhi was launched. Mobile advisory service through KVKs to provide information on weather, market and farm operations to farmers in 300 districts located in 8 zones of the country was also started.  KVKs were also sensitized on livestock extension.

            ICAR has been granted five patents (4 Indian and 1 foreign), eighty-one plant variety protection (PVP) titles, five Trademarks, four registered Copyrights.  New applications for 56 patents and 11 varieties have been filed during the year. It also commercialized over 70 agri-technologies and products through more than 90 public agencies and private companies for augmenting the supply of agri-inputs to farmers.

            More than 50,000 ha area in disadvantaged districts has been brought under improved varieties of crops suitable in the district. Under the Seed Project, improved varieties/strains of piglets, chicks and eggs have been distributed to the poor and vulnerable sections to improve their livelihood.

           

MP:SB:CP: Year ender (agri) 21.12.2010