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Government of India
Ministry of Mines
07-December-2010 16:32 IST
Mining of Sponge Iron
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The Minister of Mines and Development of North Eastern Region Shri B.K. Handique has said, sponge iron is the intermediate metallurgical product in steel making and is produced by direct reduction of high-grade iron ore or pellets to metallic iron ore in solid state by using coal or natural gas as reductant. Hence, the question of mining of sponge iron does not arise. As per available information, there are 324 sponge iron units in the country, with installed capacity of 26.39 million tonnes as on 2007-08.

 

In a written reply in the Lok Sabha today he said, however, certain cases of illegal mining have come to the notice to the Central Government. The details of illegal mining and action taken is given at Annexure.  The Central Government has taken following steps, which includes inspection of public and private sector mines by special Task Force of Indian Bureau of Mines: -

 

·        The State Governments have been advised to set up State Coordination-cum-Empowered Committee (SCEC) to coordinate efforts to control illegal mining by including representatives of Railways, Customs and Port authorities. Separately the State Governments have also been advised to prepare and adopt an Action Plan with specific measures to detect and control illegal mining including, use of remote sensing, control on traffic, gather market intelligence, registration of end-users and setting up of special cells etc.

 

·        Mainly because of the proactive stance taken by the Central Government on the issue, the following developments have been reported:

 

·        Eighteen States (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Goa, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Orissa, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal) have framed Rules under Section 23C of the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 to control illegal mining.

 

·        Twenty one States (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Goa, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamilnadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal) have set up Task Force at State and/or District level to check illegal mining as per the instruction of Central Government.

 

·        Thirteen State Governments (Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Goa, Haryana, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Mizoram, Orissa, Rajasthan and West Bengal) have set up a Coordination-cum-Empowered Committee.

 

·        Five States (Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Jharkhand and Uttarakhand) have digitized the total mining area.

 

·        State Government of Tamilnadu has digitized 100 cadastral maps.

 

·        State Governments of Rajasthan and Orissa have reported to have commenced using satellite imagery. Rajasthan has digitized mining area in GIS environment and superimposed on digital toposheets supplied by Survey of India. 

 

·        State Governments of Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Orissa have reported to have started use of holograms/ bar codes in the transport permits.

 

·        During the first half of year 2010, the State Governments detected 35136 cases of illegal mining of minor and major minerals as compared to 41578 cases detected in the full year 2009.

 

 

Annexure

 

State-wise statement of cases of illegal mining of minerals (for non-fuel and non-atomic minerals) reported by State Governments

 

S.

No.

State

Nos. of cases detected

Action Taken so far by States  from

January 2006 till June 2010

 

 

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

(upto

June 2010)

Vehicle Seized

FIRs

Lodged

Court

Cases filed

Fine

realized

(Rs. in

Lakhs)

 

1

Andhra Pradesh

5385

9216

13478

11591

7980

844

18

--

5636.21

2

Chattisgarh

2259

2352

1713

1078

1706

--

--

3987

635.89

3

Goa

313

13

159

9

---

458

--

--

16.72

4

Gujarat

7435

6593

5492

5416

1474

412

215

08

9756.27

5

Haryana

504

812

1209

1372

1290

103

274

21

295.73

6

Himachal Pradesh

478

----

503

1114

--

---

--

711

21.04

7

Jharkhand

631

82

225

15

265

5651

369

47

142.03

8

Karnataka

3027

5180

2997

1687

1996

73238

995

788

4304.23

9

Kerala

1595

2593

2695

1321

--

--

--

--

576.62

10

Madhya Pradesh

5050

4581

3895

3868

2864

---

05

19021

1657.91

11

Maharashtra

4919

3868

5828

8270

13633

33814

13

01

3221.76

12

Orissa

284

655

1059

758

180

1419 +  266 Cycles

58

87

3549.90

13.

Punjab

218

26

50

73

543

--

19

0

158.44

14.

Rajasthan

2359

2265

2178

4711

1348

408

830

68

882.20

15.

Tamilnadu

2140

1263

1573

215

271

26585

830

607

8332.93

16.

Uttarakhand

---

---

191

-

---

683

---

--

38.50

17.

Uttar Pradesh

----

---

---

---

1420

---

0

0

257.58

17.

West Bengal

80

426

315

80

166

4041

1201

196

0

 

  Total

36677

39925

43560

41578

35136

147922

4827

25542

39483.96

 

****

 

NSK/DB