Press Information Bureau
Government of India
Ministry of Rural Development
23-November-2010 15:34 IST
Impact of Rural Development Schemes on Migration
The Minister of State for Rural Development Shri Pradeep Jain “Aditya” today informed the Rajya Sabha that the Ministry of Rural Development is implementing a number of schemes for employment generation, dwelling units, rural connectivity and infrastructure and for providing basic amenities in rural areas of the country. These schemes help to check migration of rural population. Some of the studies conducted under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) indicate decrease in distress migration.

In reply to a written question the Minister said that the suggestions received from State Governments and public representatives are examined and appropriate modifications are made in the respective programme guidelines. Recently, under MGNREGA, the benefits of works on individual lands have been extended to small and marginal farmers by amending Para I(iv) of Schedule I of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA). This is intended to provide of irrigation facility, horticulture plantation and land development facilities to land owned by households belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Schedule Tribes or Below Poverty Line families or to beneficiaries of land reforms or to the beneficiaries under the Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) of the Government of India or that of small farmers or marginal farmers as defined in the Agriculture Debt Waiver and Debt Relief Scheme 2008. Further, construction of Bharat Nirman Rajiv Gandhi Sewa Kendra (BNRGSK) has been included as a permissible activity in Para 1 of Schedule I of the Act. Under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), cost of bridges upto 50 meter under PMGSY will be borne by the Government of India instead of 25 meter in earlier cases and habitations having population of 250 and above in Left Wing Extremist (LWE) areas identified by the Ministry of Home Affairs.