Press Information Bureau
Government of India
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
22-November-2010 12:42 IST
Protection of Biodiversity of the Eastern Ghats
The Government has taken many initiatives to protect biodiversity of the Eastern Ghats. Seshachalam hill ranges of Andhra Pradesh have been designatwed as Biosphere Reserve. Several Wildlife Sanctuaries established in the Eastern Ghats to preserve its Biodiversity. These include Gundla Brahmeswaram, Kambalakonda, Kaundinya, Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam, Papikonda, Pocharam, Rollapadu, Sri Lankamalleswaram, Sri Peninsula Narasimha and Sri Venkateswara Wildlife Sanctuaries .

Botanical Survey of India (BSI) has published several floras to document the biodiversity of Eastern Ghats. These are Flora of Tamilnadu (including districts of Eastern Ghats), Flora of Nallamalais, Flora of Visakhapatnam, Flora of Nellore, Flora of Venkateshwara Wildlife Sanctuary, Flora of Araku Valley, Flora of Nagarjuankonda, Flora of Maredumalai, Flora of Medak and Flora of Chittor District.Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) has taken steps to document the faunal resources in the Eastern Ghats. It has published under State Fauna series the Fauna of Andhra Pradesh in 8 volumes and the Fauna of Tamilnadu (part I published and part II in press), both of which contain the fauna of Eastern Ghats also.

15 wetlands have been identified in Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal for the management and conservation.16 Mangroves sites have been identified in Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal for the protection of Mangroves. The Ministry has established National Mangrove Genetic Resources Centre in Orissa.

A National Biodiversity Authority has been set up and as per Biodiversity Act, 2002, seven Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs) have been formed to document and preserve the biodiversity in the Eastern Ghats. The Model People’s Biodiversity register (PBR) has also been issued to the State Biodiversity Boards to facilitate the preparation of PBRs (documenting biodiversity and associated knowledge) by these Biodiversity Management Committees.

Project Elephant was launched in February, 1992 to assist States having free ranging populations of wild elephants to ensure long term survival of identified viable populations of elephants in their natural habitats in the States of Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Environment and Forests (independent charge) Shri Jairam Ramesh in a written reply to a question by Shrimati T Ratna Bai in Rajya Sabha today.