Press Information Bureau
Government of India
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
19-November-2010 15:13 IST
Cases of Anemia
As per the report of the National Family Health Survey-3 (NFHS-3) (2005-06), 69

As per the report of the National Family Health Survey-3 (NFHS-3) (2005-06), 69.5% of children in the age group of 6-59 months and 55.3% of women in the age group of 15-49 years suffer from anemia.

     As per the same survey, the percentage of women and children with mild, moderate and severe anemia is as under:


Anemi              Children                       Women


Mild                 26.3                             38.6


Moderate         40.2                             15.0


Severe                2.9                             1.8


     Anemia in women and children is a multi-faceted problem and the causes are deficiency of micro-nutrients like iron, folic acid and Vitamin B12; and other causes like parasitic infestation, hemolytic disorders etc.

      The NFHS-3 survey has also reported that prevalence of anemia is higher in women and the children of women with low education status and those belonging to households in the lower wealth quintiles; and also among disadvantaged groups including scheduled tribes.

     Under the National Rural Health Mission and the Reproductive and Child Health Programme, for tackling anemia, the steps taken include:

* Iron and folic acid supplementation to pregnant and lactating women in the recommended daily dose of 100 mg of elemental iron and 0.5 mg of folic acid for at least 100 days for prevention and double the dose for treatment; to children 6-59 months in the daily dose of 20 mg of elemental iron and 100 mcg of folic acid for 100 days and to  children 6-10 years in the daily dose of 30 mg elemental iron and 250 mcg folic acid for 100 days.

* Deworming of anemic children with Albendazole.

* Health and nutrition education to promote dietary diversification, inclusion of iron folate rich food as well as food items that promote iron absorption.  

* To tackle the problem of anemia due to malaria particularly in pregnant women and children, Long Lasting Insecticide Nets (LLINs) and Insecticide Treated Bed Nets (ITBNs) are distributed in endemic areas.

Under the  Integrated Child Development Services Scheme (ICDS) of Ministry of  Women & Child Development  interventions are undertaken  to improve nutritional  status of children  including  pregnant women and lactating mothers  to bring down anemia .

This information was given by Minister for Health and Family Welfare Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad  in written reply to a question raised in Lok Sabha  today.