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Press Information Bureau
Government of India
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
19-November-2010 15:00 IST
Life Saving Herbs and Plants
Large numbers of medicinal and aromatic plants and their products are collected from forest areas

   Large numbers of medicinal and aromatic plants and their products are collected from forest areas.  In addition, some of the species are also cultivated. The list of important species of medicinal and aromatic plants under cultivation in different States

 has been given in annexure.

 

 Many studies on medicinal plants have been undertaken for development of agro-techniques, demand and supply study, research etc. Some of the important studies and their findings are as follows:-

1.     Department of AYUSH had allocated projects to 33 specialized institutions to develop agro-techniques of selected medicinal plants.  Agro-techniques have been finalized in respect of 82 plants and consequently first volume of “Agro-technique

s of Selected Medicinal Plants” covering 50 medicinal plants has already been published by the National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) under the Department of AYUSH, Government of India.   

 

  1. In addition the Department of AYUSH and World Health Organization had jointly commissioned a study in 2000 on “Demand Study for Selected Medicinal Plants”  through Centre for Research, Planning and Action (CERPA), New Delhi.  The study
  2.  covered 162 selected plants, as a result of which demand for these plants could be estimated.  Furthermore, NMPB had also conducted a study on Demand and Supply of Medicinal Plants in India through the Foundation for Revitalization of Local
  3.  Health Traditions (FRLHT), Bangalore in 2005-06;  it was found that 960 medicinal plants are traded and 178 out of these are traded in high volume in quantities exceeding 100 MT per year.

 

  1. With a view to increasing production, improving quality etc. National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) has sanctioned several research projects on intercropping, quality planting material, seed standards, analysis of active ingredient, DNA
  2.  fingerprinting, sustainable harvesting etc. on various medicinal plants including rare and threatened species.  Besides, NMPB is supporting projects on preparation of comprehensive monographs and development of database of selected important plants
  3.  through expert agencies.  R&D works on medicinal plants of various life saving categories, which also includes species of various threat categories (as defined by the International Union for Conservation of Nature), have been taken up by the Indian Council
  4.  for Agriculture Research (ICAR) under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE).  These studies have been carried out through the Directorate of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research (DMAPR) since 1993 in addition to its
  5.  out-reach programme viz All India Coordinated Research Programme on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (AICRP on MAP) since 1973.  DMAPR has conducted surveys in the natural habitats of Guggal plant in the states of Gujarat and Rajasthan and
  6.  collected about 115 accessions, which are conserved in the field gene bank.  The DMAPR and its out-reach programme AICRP on MAP, which are functioning in different State Agricultural Universities are maintaining germplasm of threatened
  7. species namely, Commiphora wightiiChlorophytum borivillianum, C. arundinaceumSwertia chirayitaPicrorrhiza kurroaGentianakurrooSaraca asocaValeriana jatamansiCurculigo orchiodesRauvolfia serpentinaGarcenia cambogea in field gene
  8.  banks collected from the natural habitats.  Salient findings and achievements include characterization of collected accessions, identification of elite genotypes, development of package of practices for the cultivation of medicinal plants, including species
  9.  of various threat category and micro-propagation through tissue culture.

 

  NMPB is already implementing a “Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National Mission on Medicinal Plants” with a total outlay of Rs. 630 crores during the 11th Plan.  The scheme aims at supporting market driven cultivation of medicinal plants, prioritized

by Department of AYUSH and implemented in a mission mode for cultivation through growers, farmers, cultivators, Growers Associations, Federations, Self Help Groups, Corporates, Growers Co-operatives etc. with backward and forward linkages.

Prioritized Medicinal Plants have been identified for cultivation based on their conservation status and the demand of AYUSH and herbal industry. Financial assistance @ of 20%, 50% and 75% of cost of cultivation is being provided depending upon

the conservation status of medicinal plants.  For the implementation of the scheme financial assistance has been provided to 26 States viz. Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana,

 Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal by National Medicinal Plants Board

amounting to total Rs. 2935.15 lacs, 6925.00 lacs and 4641.83 lacs during 2008-09, 2009-10 and 2010-11 (upto 15th, November, 2010) respectively.

Annexure

LIST OF IMPORTANT MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANT UNDER CULTIVATION IN DIFFERENT STATES

Sl. No.

Botanical name of species, with common name in bracket

1.      

Aconitum heterophyllum (Atis)

2.      

Acorus calamus (Vach)

3.      

Aegle marmelos (Bael)

4.      

Aloe vera (Ghrit kumari)

5.      

Andrographis paniculata (Kalmegh)

6.      

Aquilaria agallocha (Agar)

7.      

Artemisia annua (Maleria buti)

8.      

Asparagus racemosus (Satawar)

9.      

Azadirachta indica  (Neem)

10.                        

Bacopa monnieri (Brahami)

11.                        

Cassia angustifolia (Sena)

12.                        

Catharanthus roseus (PariwinkleSadabahar)

13.                        

Centella asiatica (Mandookparni)

14.                        

Chlorophytum borivillianum (Safed musli)

15.                        

Cinnamomum verum (Dalchini)

16.                        

Coleus barbatus syn. Coleus forskohlii(Patharchur)

17.                        

Commiphora wightii (Guggal)

18.                        

Crocus sativus (Kesar)

19.                        

Cymbopogon flexuosus (Lemon grass)

20.                        

Cymbopogan martinii (Palmarosa)

21.                        

Cymbopogon winternianus (Citronela)

22.                        

Eucalyptus citriodora (Citriodora)

23.                        

Emblica officinalis syn. Phyllanthus emblica(Amla)

24.                        

Gloriosa superba (Kalihari)

25.                        

Glycyrrhiza glabra (Mulethi)

26.                        

Gmelina arborea (Gambhari)

27.                        

Gymnema sylvestre (Gudmar)

28.                        

Hedychium spicatum (Kapur kachri)

29.                        

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (Gudhal)

30.                        

Inula racemosa (Pushkarmool)

31.                        

Litsea glutinosa (Litsea)

32.                        

Mucuna prurita (Kawanch)

33.                        

Matricaria chamomilla (Chamomile)

34.                        

Mentha arvensis (Mint)

35.                        

Mentha spicata (Spearmint)

36.                        

Nardostachys jatamansi  (Jatamansi)

37.                        

Ocimum sanctam (Tulsi)

38.                        

Oroxylum indicum (Shyonakasona)

39.                        

Pelargonium graveolens (Geranium)

40.                        

Phyllanthus amarus (Bhumi amlaki)

41.                        

Picrorrhiza kurrooa (Kutki)

42.                        

Piper betel (Betelvine)

43.                        

Piper longum (Pippali)

44.                        

Plantago ovata (Isabgol)

45.                        

Plumbago zeylenica (Chitrak)

46.                        

Podophyllum hexandrum (Bankakari)

47.                        

Pogostemon cablin (Patchouli)

48.                        

Pterocarpus marsupium (Beejasar)

49.                        

Rauvolfia serpentina (Sarpagandha)

50.                        

Rosa damascena  (Dasmask rose)

51.                        

Santalum album (Chandan)

52.                        

Saraca asoca (Ashok)

53.                        

Saussurea costus (Kuth)

54.                        

Smilex china (Lokhandi)

55.                        

Solanum nigrum (Makoy)

56.                        

Stevia rebaudiana (Stevia)

57.                        

Swertia chirayita (Chirata)

58.                        

Taxus baccata (Taxus)

59.                        

Terminalia arjuna (Arjun)

60.                        

Terminalia ballerica (Baheda)

61.                        

Terminalia chebula (Haritaki)

62.                        

Tinospora cordifolia (Giloe)

63.                        

Valeriana jatamansi (Tagar)

64.                        

Vetiveria zizanioides (Vetiver)

65.                        

Vitex nigundo (Nirgundi)

66.                        

Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha)

 

Source:       National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB), Directorate of Medicinal and Aromati Plants Research (DMAPR), Department of Agriculture and Cooperation and Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CIMAP).

This information was given by Minister for Health and Family Welfare Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad  in written reply to a question raised in Lok Sabha  today.

DS/GK