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Government of India
Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment
24-February-2015 17:11 IST
Conviction Under SC/ST Act

 

As per the data of the National Crime Records Bureau, Ministry of Home Affairs, the following table indicates all India  position for years 2011-2013, in regard to percentage of cases under the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities{PoA}Act, 1989, ending in conviction as well pending in courts:-

Year

% of :

Conviction

Pendency

2011

30.0

79.9

2012

23.8

83.1

2013

22.8

84.1

 

The above table whereas indicates a marginal variation in the pendency rate and a decline in the conviction rate during 2011-2013.

S. No.

States/Union Territories

Year

Percentage of cases under the PoA Act:

Ending in conviction

Pending in courts

1.

Andhra Pradesh

2011

11

64.8

2012

8.2

62.2

2013

6.6

64.4

2.

Arunachal Pradesh

2011

76.2

92.3

2012

50

96.4

2013

0

100

3

Assam

2011

4.9

85

2012

3.9

70.7

2013

0

21.0

4

Bihar

2011

10.9

83.7

2012

12.5

85.7

2013

12.8

90.1

5.

Chhattisgarh

2011

29.8

75.2

2012

34.1

57.7

2013

34.7

82.8

6.

Goa

2011

0

77.8

2012

0

92.3

2013

0

92.9

7.

Gujarat

2011

2.4

92.8

2012

7.5

91.3

2013

2.8

88.4

8.

Haryana

2011

13

68.4

2012

7.9

61.4

2013

14.6

60.5

9.

Himachal Pradesh

2011

5.9

84.3

2012

8.6

81.8

2013

17.0

83.1

10.

Jharkhand

2011

25.2

74.7

2012

25.8

76.2

2013

31.0

72.9

11.

Karnataka

2011

6.7

79.4

2012

4.6

80.4

2013

3.3

76.0

12.

Kerala

2011

9.8

87

2012

6.0

89

2013

10.2

87.6

13.

Madhya Pradesh

2011

29.7

76.7

2012

36.6

77.4

2013

30.9

78.8

14.

Maharashtra

2011

5.4

88.2

2012

6.2

89.3

2013

6.3

90.7

15.

Manipur

2011

0

0

2012

0

100

2013

100

66.7

16.

Meghalaya

2011

0

0

2012

0

0

2013

0

0

17.

Mizoram

2011

0

0

2012

0

0

2013

0

0

18.

Nagaland

2011

0

0

2012

0

0

2013

0

0

19.

Odisha

2011

8.9

84.4

2012

7.1

83.7

2013

5.3

87.0

20.

Punjab

2011

20.9

81.3

2012

13.9

80.3

2013

17.6

69.3

21.

 

Rajasthan

2011

41.1

82.8

2012

38.3

93.2

2013

45.7

87.5

22.

Sikkim

2011

77.8

42.9

2012

61.5

55.2

2013

66.7

23.1

23.

Tamil Nadu

2011

36.6

78.5

2012

17.4

83.4

2013

12.6

82.0

24.

Tripura

2011

11.8

69.6

2012

14.6

70.9

2013

0

82.3

25.

Uttar Pradesh

2011

59

74.6

2012

51.4

84.7

2013

54.0

87.0

26.

Uttarakhand

2011

61.9

76

2012

53.3

69.6

2013

46.8

63.0

27

West Bengal

2011

0

91.5

2012

4

92.1

2013

2.3

90.4

28.

A & N Islands

2011

0

100

2012

0

100

2013

100

90

29.

Chandigarh

2011

0

100

2012

0

75

2013

0

75

30.

D & N Haveli

2011

0

100

2012

0

87.5

2013

0

92.9

31.

Daman & Diu

2011

0

100

2012

0

0

2013

0

0

32.

Delhi

2011

21.4

77

2012

35.7

80

2013

0

90.1

33.

Lakshadweep

2011

100

0

2012

0

0

2013

0

0

34.

Puducherry

2011

50

86.7

2012

50

88.2

2013

0

93.8

 

All India

2011

30

79.9

 

 

2012

23.8

83.1

 

 

2013

22.8

84.1

 

Note:- The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 does not extend to the State of Jammu and Kashmir.

 

The conviction rate may be influenced by several factors like witnesses turning hostile, belated prosecution, loss of interest by the victim and witnesses due to long delay in completion of trial, absence of corroborative evidence.

The PoA Act is implemented by the concerned State Governments and Union Territory Administrations. With a view to ensure effective implementation of provisions of the Act, Central assistance is provided to States/Union Territories, which includes strengthening of the enforcement machinery, incentive for  inter caste marriages and awareness generation.

This Ministry has been addressing them  to implement provisions of the Act in letter and spirit, with specific emphasis on setting up of exclusive special courts for speedy trial of cases, sensitization of investigating officers, mass awareness programmes, review of cases ending in acquittal.   Ministry of Home Affairs has also been advising them, inter-alia, regarding steps that need to be taken to afford a greater measure of protection to SCs and STs.

A  Committee under the Chairpersonship of Union Minster for Social Justice & Empowerment which was constituted in the year 2006, also reviews implementation of the Act in State/UTs. The Committee has so far held twenty one meetings wherein implementation of the Act in 24 States and 4 Union Territories has been reviewed.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.

*****

NCJ/ASB