Print
XClose
Press Information Bureau
Government of India
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
17-December-2013 18:50 IST
Steps By Government To Reduce Infant Mortality Rate

 

 

As per Office of Registrar General of India SRS reports, the Infant mortality rate has declined from 50 per 1000 live births in 2009 to 42 per 1000 live births in 2012.

Under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) the following programmes/schemes and awareness campaign is launched by the Government to reduce infant mortality rate:

 

i)                   Establishment of Sick New Born Care Units at District Hospitals, newborn stabilization Units at Community Health Centres (CHCs) and New Born Care corners at 24x7 Primary Health Centres (PHCs) to provide new born and child care services.

ii)                Navjaat Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (NSSK), a programme for training health care providers on essential newborn care and resuscitation.

iii)              Home Based New Born Care (HBNC) through ASHAs with series of home visits.

iv)              Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI) and Facility Based Integrate Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illnesses (F-IMNCI).

v)                Early identification and appropriate management of Diarrhoea disease and Acute Respiratory Infections.

vi)              Improving Infant and young child feeding practices including breastfeeding promotion.

vii)           Immunisation against seven vaccine preventable diseases.

viii)         Vitamin A supplementation and Iron and Folic Acid supplementation;

ix)              Establishment of Nutritional Rehabilitation Centres to address severe and acute malnutrition.

x)                Promotion of institutional deliveries through JananiSurakshaYojana (JSY);

xi)              Capacity building of health care providers in basic and comprehensive obstetric care;  

xii)           Operationalization of sub-centres, Primary Health Centres, Community Health Centres and District Hospitals for providing 24x7 basic and comprehensive obstetric care services;

xiii)         Name based web enabled tracking of pregnant women to ensure antenatal, intra-natal and postnatal care.

xiv)         Mother and Child Protection Card in collaboration with the Ministry of Women and Child Development to monitor service delivery for mothers and children.

xv)           Antenatal, Intra-natal and Postnatal care including Iron and Folic Acid supplementation to pregnant & lactating women for prevention and treatment of anaemia.

xvi)         Engagement of more than 8.8lakhs Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) to generate demand and facilitate accessing of health care services by the community.

xvii)      Village Health and Nutrition Days in rural areas as an outreach activity, for provision of maternal and child health services.

xviii)    Health and nutrition education to promote dietary diversification, inclusion of iron and foliate rich food as well as food items that promote iron absorption.  

xix)         Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram (JSSK) has been launched on 1st June, 2011, which entitles all pregnant women delivering in public health institutions to absolutely free and no expense delivery including Caesarean section.  The initiative stipulates free drugs, diagnostics, blood and diet, besides free transport from home to institution, between facilities in case of a referral and drop back home.  Similar entitlements have been put in place for all sick infants accessing public health institutions for treatment. 

xx)           Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK), an introduction of child health screening for 4Ds i.e. defects at birth, deficiencies, diseases, development delays and their management among the children 0-18 years of age.

States/UTs wise IMR over past three years is as follows:

 

States/UTs wise IMR during last 3 years

Sr. No

State/UTs

Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) per 1000 live births

SRS, 2009

 SRS, 2010

SRS, 2011

SRS, 2012

India

50

47

44

42

A. Non-NE High Focus States

1

Bihar

52

48

44

43

2

Chhattisgarh

54

51

48

47

3

Himachal Pradesh

45

40

38

36

4

Jammu & Kashmir

45

43

41

39

5

Jharkhand

44

42

39

38

6

Madhya Pradesh

67

62

59

56

7

Odisha

65

61

57

53

8

Rajasthan

59

55

52

49

9

Uttar Pradesh

63

61

57

53

10

Uttarakhand

41

38

36

34

B. NE States

11

Arunachal Pradesh

32

31

32

33

12

Assam

61

58

55

55

13

Manipur

16

14

11

10

14

Meghalaya

59

55

52

49

15

Mizoram

36

37

34

35

16

Nagaland

26

23

21

18

17

Sikkim

34

30

26

24

18

Tripura

31

27

29

28

C. Non High Focus States

19

Andhra Pradesh

49

46

43

41

20

Goa

11

10

11

10

21

Gujarat

48

44

41

38

22

Haryana

51

48

44

42

23

Karnataka

41

38

35

32

24

Kerala

12

13

12

12

25

Maharashtra

31

28

25

25

26

Punjab

38

34

30

28

27

Tamil Nadu

28

24

22

21

28

West Bengal

33

31

32

32

D. Union Territories

29

A & N Islands

27

25

23

24

30

Chandigarh

25

22

20

20

31

D & N Haveli

37

38

35

33

32

Daman & Diu

24

23

22

22

33

Delhi

33

30

28

25

34

Lakshadweep

25

25

24

24

35

Pondicherry

22

22

19

17

 

This was stated by Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha today.

*********

MV/GM