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Government of India
Ministry of Jal Shakti
24 MAR 2022 4:46PM by PIB Delhi
Water Pollution

Rivers in the country are polluted due to discharge of untreated and partially treated sewage from cities/towns and industrial effluents in their respective catchments, problems in operation and maintenance of sewage/effluent treatment plants, lack of dilution and other non-point sources of pollution. Rapid urbanization and industrialization have compounded the problem. As per the last report published by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in September 2018, 351 polluted stretches were identified on 323 rivers based on monitoring results in terms of Bio-chemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), an indicator of organic pollution. State-wise details of polluted river stretches are given at Annexure-I.

As per the Provisions of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution), Act 1974, industrial units are required to install effluent treatment plants (ETPs) and treat their effluents to comply with stipulated environmental standards before discharging into river and water bodies. Accordingly, CPCB, State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs) and Pollution Control Committees (PCCs) monitor industries with respect to effluent discharge standards and take action for non-compliance under provisions of these Acts.

According to CPCB, there are 2839 Grossly Polluting Industries (GPIs) in the country which are discharging their effluents in various water bodies. Out of total 2839 industries, 2186 industries are operational and 653 industries are self-closed. The number of complying and non-complying units are 2055 and 131 respectively. Action taken against the non-complying units includes issue of show-cause notices to 55 units, issue of closure directions to 56 units and filing of legal cases against 2 units. State/Union Territory (UT) wise compliance status of GPI units in the country is attached as Annexure-II.

Steps taken by the Government to stop discharge of industrial effluents into rivers, inter-alia, include issuance of notification of specific discharge standards, revision of the criteria for categorization of industries and issuing directions to all SPCBs/PCCs to adopt the same, issuance of consent to establish/consent to operate by the SPCBs/PCCs, regular and surprise inspections of GPIs for compliance verification against stipulated environmental norms, installation of Online Continuous Effluent Monitoring System (OCEMS) for assessment of effluent quality and compliance status. In addition, the industries are encouraged to reduce their waste water generation by technological advancement, reuse/recycle of wastewater and maintain Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) where ever possible.

Besides, in compliance of the orders of National Green Tribunal (NGT) in Original Application No.673/2018 regarding rejuvenation of polluted river stretches in the country, States/UTs are required to implement approved action plans, including those for industrial pollution control, for restoration of the polluted stretches in their jurisdiction as identified by CPCB and published in their report of 2018, within the stipulated timelines. As per the orders of NGT, regular review on implementation of action plans is undertaken in the States/UTs and also at Central level.

This Information was given by the Minister of State for Jal Shakti, Shri Bishweswar Tudu in a written  reply in Lok Sabha today.

ANNEXURE-I

 

REGARDING ‘WATER POLLUTION’

 

S.No.

Name of State/UTs

Name Of Polluted River Stretches

Number

1

Andhra Pradesh

Kundu, Tungabhadra, Godavari, Krishna, Nagavali

5

2

Assam

Bharalu, Borsola, Deepar Bill, Digboi, Kamalpur, PanchnaiBrahamputra, Kharsang, Pagldia, Barak, Baroi Bega, Beki, Bhogdoi, Boginadi, Borbeel, BordoibamBeelmukh, Burhidihing, Dhansiri, Dikhow, Dikrong, Diplai, Disang, Gabharu, Holudunga, Jai Bharali, Jhanji, Kalong, Kapili, Killing, Kohora, Kulsi, Malini, Mora Bharali, Parashali, Puthimari, Ranga, Samaguri, Sankosh, Silsako, Sorusola, Son, Sonai, TengaPukhuri

44

3

Bihar

Sirsia, Farmar, Ganga, Poonpun, Ram Rekha, Sikrahna

6

4

Chhattisgarh

Hasdeo, Kharoon, Mahanadi, Seonath, Kelo

5

5

Daman, Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli

Damanganga

1

6

Delhi

Yamuna,

1

7

Goa

Sal, Mandovi, Talpona, Assonora, Bicholim, Chapora, Khandepar, Sinquerim, Tiracol, Valvant, Zuari

11

8

Gujarat

Amlakhadi, Bhadar, Bhogavo, Khari, Sabarmati, Vishwamitri, Dhadar, Triveni, Amravati (Tributary Of Narmada), Damanganga, Kolak, Mahi, Shedhi, Tapi, Anas, BalehwarKhadi, Kim, Meshwa, Mindhola, Narmada

20

9

Haryana

Ghaggar, Yamuna

2

10

Himachal Pradesh

Sukhana, Markanda, Sirsa, Ashwani, Beas, Giri, Pabbar

7

11

Jammu & Kashmir

Devika, Banganga, ChuntKol, Gawkadal, Tawi, Basanter, Chenab, Jhelam, Sindh

9

12

Jharkhand

Garga, Sankh, Subarnarekha, Damodar, Jumar, Konar, Nalkari

7

13

Karnataka

Arkavathi, Lakshmantirtha, Malprbha, Tungabhadra, Bhadra, Cauvery, Kabini, Kagina, Kali, Krishna, Shimsha, AsangiNalla, Bhima, Kumardhara, Netravathi, Tunga, Yagachi

17

14

Kerala

Karamana, Bharathapuzha, Kadambayar, Keecheri, Manimala, Pamba, Bhavani, Chitrapuzha, Kadalundy, Kallai, Karuvannur, Kavvai, Kuppam, Kuttiyady, Mogral, Periyar, Peruvamba, Puzhackal, Ramapuram, Thirur, Uppala

21

 

 

 

15

Madhya Pradesh

Chambal, Khan, Kshipra, Betwa, Sone, Gohad, Kolar, Tapi, Bichia, Chamla, Choupan, Kalisot, Kanhan, Katni, Kunda, Malei, Mandakini (Mp), Newaj, Parvati, Simrar, Tons, Wainganga

22

16

Maharashtra

Godavari, Kalu, Kundalika, Mithi, Morna, Mula, Mutha, Nira, Vel, Bhima, Indrayani, Mula-Mutha, Pawana, Wainganga, Wardha, Ghod, Kanhan, Kolar (Mah), Krishna, Mor, Patalganga, Pedhi, Penganga, Purna, Tapi, Urmodi, Venna, Waghur, Wena, Bindusar, Bori, Chandrabhaga, Darna, Girna, Hiwara, Koyna, Pehlar, Sina, Titur, Amba, Bhatsa, Gomai, Kan, Manjeera, Panchganga, Panzara, Rangavali, Savitri, Surya, Tansa, Ulhas, Vaitarna, Vashisti

53

17

Manipur

Nambul, Imphal, Iril, Khuga, Khujairok, Lokchao, Manipur, Thoubal, Wangjing

9

18

Meghalaya

Umkhrah, Umshyrpi, Kyrhukhla, Nonbah, Umtrew, Lukha, Myntdu

7

19

Mizoram

Tiau, Tlawng, Tuipui, Tuivawl, Chite, Mat, Saikah, Tuikual, Tuirial

9

20

Nagaland

Dhansiri, Dzuna, Chathe, Dzu, Dzucha, Sano

6

21

Odisha

Gangua, GuradihNallah, Kathajodi, Nandirajhor, Daya, Kuakhai, BanguruNallah, Bheden, Brahamani, Budhabalnaga, Kusumi, Mahanadi, Mangala, Nagavalli, Nuna, Ratnachira, Rushikulya, Sabulia, Serua

19

22

Puducherry

Arasalar, Chunnambar

2

23

Punjab

Ghaggar, Satluj, Kali Bein, Beas

4

24

Rajasthan

Banas, Chambal,

2

25

Sikkim

ManeyKhola, Rangit, Ranichu, Teesta

4

26

Tamil Nadu

Cauvery, Sarabanga, ThirumanimUthar, Vasista, Bhavani, Tambirapani

6

27

Telangana

Musi, Manjeera, Nakkavagu, Karakavagu, Maner, Godavari, Kinnersani, Krishna

8

28

Tripura

Burigaon, Gumti, Haora, Juri, Khowai, Manu

6

29

Uttar Pradesh

Hindon, Kalinadi, Varuna, Yamuna, Gomti, Ganga, Ramganga, Betwa, Ghaghara, Rapti, Sai, Saryu

12

30

Uttarakhand

Bhela, Dhela, Suswa, Kichha, Kalyani, Ganga, Kosi, Nandour, Pilkhar

9

31

West Bengal

Vindhadhari, Mahananda, Churni, Dwarka, Ganga, Damodar, Jalangi, Kansi, Mathabhanga, Barakar, Dwarakeshwar, Kaljani, Karola, Mayurkashi, Rupnarayan, Silabati, Teesta

17

Grand Total :

351

 

ANNEXURE-II

 ‘WATER POLLUTION’

 

SPCB/PCC

Total no. of industries

No. of industries closed by their own

No. of industries operational

No. of industries complying with environmental standards

No. of industries non-complying with environmental standards

No. of industries against which action is taken for non-complying with environmental standards

Show cause notice issued

Closure directions issued

Legal cases filed

Action under process

Andaman & Nicobar

2

0

2

1

1

0

1

0

0

Andhra Pradesh

66

11

55

50

5

2

1

0

2

Arunachal Pradesh

97

8

89

63

26

3

23

0

0

Assam

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Bihar

84

34

50

50

0

0

0

0

0

Chandigarh

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Chhattisgarh

2

0

2

1

1

0

1

0

0

Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Delhi

3

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

Goa

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Gujarat

25

1

24

20

4

3

0

0

1

Haryana

627

27

600

594

6

0

6

0

0

Himachal Pradesh

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Jammu & Kashmir

69

0

69

66

3

3

0

0

0

Jharkhand

45

6

39

5

34

14

10

2

8

Karnataka

4

0

4

4

0

0

0

0

0

Kerala

29

1

28

27

1

0

1

0

0

Lakshadweep

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Madhya Pradesh

2

0

2

2

0

0

0

0

0

Maharashtra

4

1

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

Manipur

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Meghalaya

2

0

2

2

0

0

0

0

0

Mizoram

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Nagaland

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Odisha

6

0

6

6

0

0

0

0

0

Puducherry

3

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

Punjab

5

0

5

4

1

1

0

0

0

Rajasthan

1

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

Sikkim

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Tamil Nadu

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Telangana

3

1

2

2

0

0

0

0

0

Tripura

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Uttar Pradesh

1648

560

1088

1047

41

22

13

0

6

Uttarakhand

64

0

64

60

4

4

0

0

0

West Bengal

48

3

45

41

4

3

0

0

1

Total

2839

653

2186

2055

131

55

56

2

18

 

*****

 

BY/AS