Press Information Bureau <br />Government of India<br />Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food &amp; Public Distribution<br /><span style='float:right;font-size:80%;font-weight:lighter'>13 DEC 2019 5:57PM by PIB Delhi</span>
Shortfall in Production of Onion

As per the estimates of Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, the storage of onion in the year 2017 and 2018 were 48.73 and 50.05 Lakh MT, respectively.The combined Kharif and Late Kharif production for 2019-20 is estimated at 54.73 LMT as against 69.91 LMT in 2018-19.

            Onion is a seasonal crop with harvesting period of Rabi (March to June), Kharif (October to December) and late Kharif (January to March). In the intervening period (July to October), the market is fed by stored Rabi onions. During 2019-20, there was a 3-4 weeks delay in sowing as well as decline in sown area of the Kharif onion because of late arrival of monsoon. Further, untimely prolonged rains in the major growing States of Karnataka, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh during the harvesting period, i.e., September/October, caused damage to the standing crops in these regions. All this adversely impacted production and quality of the Kharif crop. The rains during September/October also affected transportation of the crop from these regions to consuming areas. This led to limited availability of Kharif onion in the market and put pressure on its prices.


            Several steps such as creation of onion buffer of about 57,373 MT during Rabi 2019, withdrawal of incentive on export of onions under Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS) w.e.f. 11.06.2019, imposition of Minimum Export Price (MEP) of $850/MT on 13.9.19 and subsequent ban on exports of onions since 29.09.19, facilitation of import, imposition of stock limit on onion traders, approval for import on onion through MMTC and domestic procurement of onions from producing/surplus States by NAFED for supplies in deficit States etc.


            This information was given in a written reply by the Minister of State for Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution, Shri   Danve Raosaheb  Dadarao in Rajya Sabha today.