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Press Information Bureau
Government of India
Ministry of Women and Child Development
11 JUL 2019 3:35PM by PIB Delhi
Status Report on Malnutrition of Children

Malnutrition is not a direct cause of death among children under five years of age, however, it can increase morbidity and mortality by reducing resistance to infections. Malnourished children are more vulnerable than normal children to any infection.

The Government has accorded high priority to the issue of malnutrition and is implementing several schemes/programmes of different Ministries/Departments through States/UTs to address various aspects related to nutrition. This Ministry is implementing POSHAN Abhiyaan, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana, Anganwadi Services and Scheme for Adolescent Girls under the Umbrella Integrated Child Development Services Scheme as direct targeted interventions to address the problem of malnutrition among children and women in all States/UTs of the country.

Further, the steps taken under the National Health Mission (NHM), a flagship programme of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, to address malnutrition inter alia, include promotion of appropriate Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices, Anaemia Mukt Bharat, Iron and Folic Acid (IFA) supplementation, de-worming, promotion of iodized salt, Vitamin-A supplementation, Mission Indradhanush to ensure high coverage of vaccination in children, conducting intensified diarrhoea control fortnights to control childhood diarrhoea, management of sick severely malnourished children at Nutrition Rehabilitation Centers, monthly Village Health and Nutrition Days, Home Based Newborn Care (HBNC) and Home Based Young Child care (HBYC) programmes and Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram.

The data on nutritional indicators is captured under the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) conducted by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The State-wise prevalence of malnutrition in children as per NFHS-4 (2015-16) is given below:

Prevalence of malnutrition among children under 5 years of age as per National Family Health Survey 4 (2015-16)

S. No

State/UTs

Underweight

(%)

Stunting

(%)

1

Bihar

43.9

48.3

2

Chhattisgarh

37.7

37.6

3

Himachal Pradesh

21.2

26.3

4

Jammu & Kashmir

16.6

27.4

5

Jharkhand

47.8

45.3

6

Madhya Pradesh

42.8

42.0

7

Odisha

34.4

34.1

8

Rajasthan

36.7

39.1

9

Uttar Pradesh

39.5

46.2

10

Uttarakhand

26.6

33.5

11

Arunachal Pradesh

19.4

29.3

12

Assam

29.8

36.4

13

Manipur

13.8

28.9

14

Meghalaya

28.9

43.8

15

Mizoram

12.0

28.1

16

Nagaland

16.7

28.6

17

Sikkim

14.2

29.6

18

Tripura

24.1

24.3

19

Andhra Pradesh

31.9

31.4

20

Goa

23.8

20.1

21

Gujarat

39.3

38.5

22

Haryana

29.4

34.0

23

Karnataka

35.2

36.2

24

Kerala

16.1

19.7

25

Maharashtra

36.0

34.4

26

Punjab

21.6

25.7

27

Telangana

28.3

28.0

28

Tamil Nadu

23.8

27.1

29

West Bengal

31.5

32.5

30

A & N Islands

21.5

23.3

31

Chandigarh

24.5

28.7

32

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

38.8

41.7

33

Daman & Diu

26.7

23.4

34

Delhi

27.0

31.9

35

Lakshadweep

23.6

26.8

36

Puducherry

22.0

23.7

Total

35.7

38.4

 

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smriti Zubin Irani, in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today.

 

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MM