Ministry of Labour & Employment

Migration of Labour in the Country

Posted On: 20 JUL 2023 5:32PM by PIB Delhi

          Migration of workers from one state to another state is a continues process, and dynamic in nature.  As per Census 2011 data, the total number of Inter-State migrant workers in the Country are 4,14,22,917.  State-wise number of workers who migrated to other States in search of jobs is at Annexure-I.

The Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan (GKRA) was launched by Hon’ble Prime Minister on 20th June 2020, with a mission to address the challenges faced by returnee migrant workers to their home States. On the lines of the GKRA, Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) undertook demand driven skilling / orientation under Centrally Sponsored and Centrally Managed (CSCM) component of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY 2.0) 2016-2020. GKRA under PMKVY CSCM-STT coverage was in 6 States namely Bihar, Assam, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh.  Based on inputs received from district committee, targets under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) were allocated. RPL Training was implemented in 6 states i.e., Assam, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh Odisha, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. The RPL Project focused on certifying migrant workers who had experience in the same trade to obtain better employment opportunity within or outside the district. The PMKVY 2.0 (GKRA) year-wise, state-wise and sector-wise updated as on 30th June 2023 is at Annexure-II, III &IV respectively.

                   As per the Report Migration in India, 2020-21, based on Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) 2020-21, released by Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI), the total migration rate in India was 28.9% and in rural was 26.5%. Out of the total migrant persons, around 10.8% persons were migrated due to employment related reasons. The employment related reasons include in search of employment/better employment, for employment/ work (to take up employment/ to take up better employment/ business/ proximity to place of work/ transfer) and loss of job/closure of unit/lack of employment opportunities.

Annexure-I

Annexure referred to in reply to part (a) & (b) of Rajya Sabha Unstarred Question No. 96 for 20.07.2023 raised by Dr. Sasmit Patra, MP (RS) regarding Migration of Labour in the Country.

 

State wise Number of persons who moved in for work & Employment as per Census - 2011 (Migrant Workers)

S. No.

States/UTs

Persons

1

ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS

52,129

2

ANDHRA PRADESH

37,37,316

3

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

1,19,244

4

ASSAM

5,72,064

5

BIHAR

7,06,557

6

CHANDIGARH

2,06,642

7

CHHATTISGARH

10,21,077

8

DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI

63,779

9

DAMAN & DIU

73,782

10

GOA

1,15,870

11

GUJARAT

30,41,779

12

HARYANA

13,33,644

13

HIMACHAL PRADESH

2,96,268

14

JAMMU & KASHMIR

1,22,587

15

JHARKHAND

8,24,259

16

KARNATAKA

28,87,216

17

KERALA

7,13,934

18

LAKSHADWEEP

6,135

19

MADHYA PRADESH

24,15,635

20

MAHARASHTRA

79,01,819

21

MANIPUR

22,750

22

MEGHALAYA

52,797

23

MIZORAM

62,828

24

NAGALAND

1,10,779

25

NCT OF DELHI

20,29,489

26

ODISHA

8,51,363

27

PUDUCHERRY

70,721

28

PUNJAB

12,44,056

29

RAJASTHAN

17,09,602

30

SIKKIM

46,554

31

TAMIL NADU

34,87,974

32

TRIPURA

92,097

33

UTTAR PRADESH

31,56,125

34

UTTARAKHAND

6,17,094

35

WEST BENGAL

16,56,952

 

INDIA

4,14,22,917

 

Annexure-II

Annexure referred to in reply to part (a) & (b) of Rajya Sabha Unstarred Question No. 96 for 20.07.2023 raised by Dr. Sasmit Patra, MP (RS) regarding Migration of Labour in the Country.

 

FY wise update of GKRA under PMKVY 2.0 as per SIP reports till 30-Jun-23

Scheme

Component

Training Type

FY

 Trained / Oriented

 Certified

 Reported Placed

PMKVY 2.0

CSCM

Short Term Training (STT)

FY-20-21

                          21,444

      10,964

                            572

FY-21-22

                          66,328

      57,257

                       28,733

FY-22-23

                                     -

        5,097

                         6,320

Short Term Training (STT) Total

                          87,772

      73,318

                       35,625

Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)

FY-20-21

                          38,034

      25,897

 NA

FY-21-22

                                     -

        4,178

 NA

FY-22-23

                                     -

           117

 NA

Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) Total

                          38,034

      30,192

 NA

Total

                       1,25,806

  1,03,510

                       35,625

RPL Orients candidates and doesn’t mandate placements

 

Annexure-III

 

Annexure referred to in reply to part (a) & (b) of Rajya Sabha Unstarred Question No. 96 for 20.07.2023 raised by Dr. Sasmit Patra, MP(RS) regarding Migration of Labour in the Country.

 

State wise update of GKRA under PMKVY 2.0 as per SIP reports till 30-Jun-23

 

Short Term Training (STT)

Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)

TC State

Trained

Certified

Reported Placed

Oriented

Certified

Assam

1,105

921

526

504

271

Bihar

31,679

24,595

11,554

20,577

16,306

Madhya Pradesh

15,664

13,889

6,589

3,194

2,399

Odisha

1,804

1,526

530

892

450

Rajasthan

16,438

14,580

8,960

3,651

2,948

Uttar Pradesh

21,082

17,807

7,466

9,216

7,818

Total

87,772

73,318

35,625

38,034

30,192

RPL orients candidates and doesn’t mandate placements

           

 

 

Annexure-IV

Annexure referred to in reply to part (a) & (b) of Rajya Sabha Unstarred Question No. 96 for 20.07.2023 raised by Dr. Sasmit Patra, MP(RS) regarding Migration of Labour in the Country.

 

Sector wise update of GKRA under PMKVY 2.0 as per SIP reports till 30-Jun-23

 

Short Term Training (STT)

Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)

Sector Name

Trained

Certified

Reported Placed

Oriented

Certified

Aerospace and Aviation

120

118

-

-

-

Agriculture

618

505

158

1,062

701

Apparel

19,060

17,334

9,230

10,053

8,887

Automotive

1,650

1,375

523

1,565

1,377

Beauty and Wellness

2,189

1,493

579

220

114

Capital Goods

1,985

1,148

626

316

160

Construction

11,945

10,812

4,679

9,843

7,669

Domestic Workers

210

129

79

1,111

888

Electronics and Hardware

16,173

13,858

6,799

2,641

1,888

Food Processing

565

434

21

703

620

Furniture and Fittings

180

176

91

860

621

Green Jobs

360

348

151

-

-

Handicrafts and Carpet

360

335

271

-

-

Healthcare

1,750

1,343

106

420

260

Infrastructure Equipment

180

174

-

-

-

Iron and Steel

150

123

-

94

89

IT-ITeS

4,792

3,758

2,024

777

514

Life Sciences

964

754

619

-

-

Logistics

4,939

4,104

1,960

810

757

Management

650

521

249

264

134

Media and Entertainment

750

713

324

300

276

Mining

360

227

-

-

-

Plumbing

1,672

1,296

689

357

311

Power

1,200

1,142

884

257

197

Retail

7,555

5,464

3,105

3,240

2,369

Telecom

4,992

4,042

1,784

747

571

Tourism & Hospitality

2,403

1,592

674

2,394

1,789

Total

87,772

73,318

35,625

38,034

30,192

RPL orients candidates and doesn’t mandate placements

                                                                    

This information was given by Union Minister of State for Labour and Employment Shri Rameswar Teli in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha.

 

******

MJPS/NSK



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