Ministry of Labour & Employment

Code on Wages, 2019 makes minimum wages universally applicable across employments

Posted On: 20 MAR 2023 9:06PM by PIB Delhi

Minister of State for Labour and Employment, Shri Rameswar Teli in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha today informed that the provision of minimum wages under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 provides for cost of living allowance as a component of minimum wages. Accordingly, the Central Government revises the cost of living allowance called as Variable Dearness Allowance (V.D.A) on basic rates of minimum wages under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948, every six months effective from 1st April and 1st October every year on the basis of Consumer Price Index for Industrial workers to protect the minimum wages against inflation.

In the written reply it was stated that recently the provisions of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948, have been rationalized and subsumed under the Code on Wages, 2019 and the components of minimum wages stipulated therein also provide for cost of living allowance. Further, the Code makes minimum wages universally applicable across employments and thus moves ahead from restrictive applicability of minimum wages limited to scheduled employments as provided for under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948.

As per Section 4 of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948, the minimum rate of wages may consist of:

(i) a basic rate of wages and a special allowance at a rate to be adjusted, at such intervals and in such manner as the appropriate Government may direct, to accord as nearly as practicable with the variation in the cost of living index number applicable to such workers (hereinafter referred to as the “cost of living allowance”) ; or

(ii) a basic rate of wages with or without the cost of living allowance and the cash value of the concessions in respect of supplies of essential commodities at concessional rates, where so authorised; or

(iii) an all-inclusive rate allowing for the basic rate, the cost of living allowance and the cash value of the concessions, if any.

As the Central Government and the State Governments are appropriate Governments to fix, review and revise the minimum rates of wages in scheduled employments in their respective jurisdictions in terms of section 4 the Act, the minimum rates of wages vary from one jurisdiction to another.

The Variable Dearness Allowance (VDA) on basic rates of minimum wages is revised every six months in the Central sphere and it was last revised w.e.f. 01.10.2022. A statement showing increase in the rates of wages on account of increasing V.D.A payable to the employees engaged in the scheduled employments in the Central Sphere is at Annexure.  

 

Annexure

Statement showing increased rates of minimum wages on account of revision of VDA from 19.01.2017 to 01.10.2022                                                                                                                 

Scheduled Employment

Category of Workers

Rates of Wages including V.D.A per day (in Rs.)

Area A

Area B

Area C

19.01.2017

01.10.2022

19.01.2017

01.10.2022

19.01.2017

01.10.2022

 

Agriculture

Unskilled

333

454

303

414

300

409

Semi-skilled/Unskilled Supervisory

364

495

335

456

307

419

Skilled/Clerical

395

539

364

495

334

455

Highly-skilled

438

596

407

554

364

495

Sweeping and Cleaning+

Unskilled

523

711

437

595

350

477

Watch and Ward

Without Arms ( Upgraded to skilled with training)

637

866

579

788

494

671

With Arms( Upgraded to highly skilled for supervision)

693

940

637

866

579

788

Loading & Unloading#

Unskilled

523

711

437

595

350

477

 

Construction^

Unskilled

523

711

437

595

350

477

Semi-skilled/Unskilled Supervisory

579

788

494

671

410

557

Skilled/Clerical

637

866

579

788

494

671

Highly-skilled

693

940

637

866

579

788

 

 

19.01.2017

01.10.2022

Workers engaged in Stone Mines for Stone Breaking and Stone Crushing

1.Excavation & removal of over burden with 50 meters lead/1.5 meters lift:*

(a) Soft Soil

351

481

(b) Soft Soil with Rock

531

722

(c) Rock

703

956

2. Removal and Staking of rejected stones with 50 metres lead/1.5metres lift*

283

386

3. Stone breaking or Stone Crushing for the stone size of category**

(a) 1.0 inch to 1.5 inches

2171

2938

(b) Above 1.5 Inches to 3.0 Inches

1857

2513

(c) Above 3.0 Inches to 5 Inches

1088

1475

(d) Above 5.0 Inches

893

1212

 

 

Non - Coal Mines$

 

Above Ground

{Rates of Wages including V.D.A per day (in Rs.)}

Below Ground

{Rates of Wages including V.D.A per day (in Rs.)}

 

19.01.2017

01.10.2022

19.01.2017

01.10.2022

Unskilled

350

477

437

595

Semi-skilled/Unskilled Supervisory

437

595

523

711

Skilled/Clerical

523

711

610

829

Highly-skilled

610

829

683

926

                   

*Per 2.831 cubic meters or 100 cubic feet

** Per truck load of 5.662 cubic meters or 200 cubic feet

 

 

+Employees engaged in the employment of Sweeping and Cleaning excluding Activities prohibited under the Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act, 1993.

#Employees engaged in the employment of Loading and Unloading in (i) Goods Sheds, Parcel Offices of Railways; (ii) Other Goods Sheds, Godowns, Warehouses and other similar employments;  (iii) Docks and Ports; and (iv) Passengers Goods and Cargo Carried out at Airports (Both International and Domestic).

^Employees engaged in the employment of construction or maintenance of Roads or Runways or in Building Operations including laying down Underground Electric, Wireless, Radio, Television, Telephone, Telegraph and Overseas Communication Cables and similar other Underground Cabling Work, Electric Lines, Water Supply Lines and Sewerage Pipe Lines.

$Employees engaged in the employment of Gypsum Mines, Barytes Mines, Bauxite Mines, Manganese Mines, China Clay Mines, Kyanite Mines, Copper Mines, Clay Mines, Magnesite Mines, White Clay Mines, Stone Mines, Steatite Mines (including the mines producing Soap Stones and Talc), Ochre Mines, Asbestos Mines, Fire Clay Mines, Chromite Mines, Quartzite Mines, Quartz Mines, Silica Mines, Graphite Mines, Felspar Mines, Laterite Mines, Dolomite Mines, Red Oxide Mines, Wolfram Mines, Iron Ore Mines, Granite Mines, Rock Phosphate Mines, Hematite Mines, Marble and Calcite Mines, Uranium Mines, Mica Mines, Lignite Mines, Gravel Mines, Slate and Magnetite Mines.

 

Classification of Area

AREA – “A”

Ahmedabad

(UA)

Hyderabad

(UA)

Faridabad complex

 

Bangaluru

(UA)

Kanpur

(UA)

Ghaziabad

 

Kolkata

(UA)

Lucknow

(UA)

Gurgaon

 

elhi

(UA)

Chennai

(UA)

Noida

 

Greater Mumbai

(UA)

Nagpur

(UA)

Secunderabad

 

Navi Mumbai

 

Pune

(UA)

 

 

AREA – “B”

Agra

(UA)

Gwalior

(UA)

Port Blair

(UA)

Ajmer

(UA)

Hubli-Dharwad

(M. Corpn)

Puducherry

(UA)

Aligarh

(UA)

Indore

(UA)

Raipur

(UA)

Allahabad

(UA)

Jabalpur

(UA)

Raurkela

(UA)

Amravati

(M.Corpn)

Jaipur

(M.Corpn)

Rajkot

(UA)

Amritsar

(UA)

Jalandhar

(UA)

Ranchi

(UA)

Asansol

(UA)

Jalandhar-Cantt.

(UA)

Saharanpur

(M.Corpn)

Aurangabad

(UA)

Jammu

(UA)

Salem

(UA)

Bareilly

(UA)

Jamnagar

(UA)

Sangli

(UA)

Belgaum

(UA)

Jamshedpur

(UA)

Shillong

 

Bhavnagar

(UA)

Jhansi

(UA)

Siliguri

(UA)

Bhiwandi

(UA)

Jodhpur

(UA)

Solapur

(M.Corpn)

Bhopal

(UA)

Kannur

(UA)

Srinagar

(UA)

Bhubaneshwar

(UA)

Kochi

(UA)

Surat

(UA)

Bikaner

(M.Corpn)

Kolhapur

(UA)

Thiruvanantapuram

(UA)

Bokaro Steel City

(UA)

Kollam

(UA)

Thrissur

(UA)

Chandigarh

(UA)

Kota

(M.Corpn)

Tiruchirappalli

(UA)

Coimbatore

(UA)

Kozhikode

(UA)

Tiruppur

(UA)

Cuttack

(UA)

Ludhiana

(M.Corpn)

Ujjain

(M.Corpn)

Dehradun

(UA)

Madurai

(UA)

Vadodara

(UA)

Dhanbad

(UA)

Malappuram

(UA)

Varanasi

(UA)

Durgapur

(UA)

Malegaon

(UA)

Vasai- Virar City

(M.Corpn)

Durg-Bhilai Nagar

(UA)

Mangalore

(UA)

Vijayawada

(UA)

Erode

(UA)

Meerut

(UA)

Vishakhapatnam

(M.Corpn)

Firozabad

 

Moradabad

(M. Corpn)

Warangal

(UA)

Goa

 

Mysore

(UA)

Gorakhpur

(UA)

NandedWaghala

(M. Corpn)

GreaterVisakhapatnam

(M.Corpn)

Nasik

(UA)

Gulbarga

(UA)

Nellore

(UA)

Guntur

(UA)

Panchkula

(UA)

Guwahati

(UA)

Patna

(UA)

Area ‘C’ will comprise all areas not mentioned in this list.

 

 

NB: U.A. stands for Urban Agglomeration.

 

 

 

*****

MJPS/SSV



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