Ministry of Mines
azadi ka amrit mahotsav g20-india-2023

Lithium Import And Production


GSI Exploration For Lithium and Associated Elements Taken Up In Different States

Posted On: 21 MAR 2022 4:25PM by PIB Delhi

The quantity and value of import of Lithium and Lithium-ion by India in the last three years along with source countries is given in Annexure.

Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research (AMD), a constituent unit of the Department Atomic Energy (DAE), is carrying out exploration for Lithium in potential geological domains in parts of Mandya and Yadgir districts of Karnataka. Preliminary surveys on surface and limited subsurface exploration by AMD have shown presence of Lithium resources of 1,600 tonnes (inferred category) in Marlagalla area, Mandya district, Karnataka.

Further, the Geological Survey of India (GSI), an attached office of Ministry of Mines, takes up different stages of mineral exploration as per the approved annual Field Season Programme (FSP) every year viz. reconnaissance surveys (G4), preliminary exploration (G3) and general exploration (G2) following the guidelines of the United Nations Framework Classification (UNFC) and the Mineral Evidence and Mineral Content Rules (MEMC-2015). The FSP is undertaken for augmenting mineral resource for various mineral commodities including Lithium. During FSP 2016-17 to FSP 2020-21, GSI carried out 14 projects on Lithium and associated elements in Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Karnataka and Rajasthan. During the current FSP 2021-22, GSI has taken up 5 projects on Lithium and associated minerals in Arunachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jammu & Kashmir and Rajasthan.

Lithium is used mainly in battery industry. The Government on 12.5.2021 approved the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for manufacturing of Advance Chemistry Cell (ACC) in the country. The total outlay of the scheme is Rs. 18,100 crores for a period of five years. The scheme envisages establishing a competitive ACC battery manufacturing set-up in the country (50 Giga Watt hour-GWh). Additionally, 5 GWh of niche ACC technologies is also covered under the scheme. The scheme proposes a production linked subsidy based on applicable subsidy per KWh and percentage of value addition achieved on actual sales made by the manufacturers who set up production units. The PLI scheme will facilitate reduction of import dependence of ACC battery.

Annexure

 LITHIUM IMPORT AND PRODUCTION IN THE COUNTRY

Table 1: Total Import of Lithium (HS Code: 85065000) and Lithium-ion (HS Code: 85076000) from 2018-19 to 2020-21

(Quantity in Thousand numbers, Value in Rs. Crore)

Year

2018-19

2019-20

2020-21

Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

Lithium

(HS Code: 85065000)

85,224

202

72,376

147

71,392

173

Lithium-ion

(HS Code: 85076000)

6,27,353

8,574

5,39,428

8,819

5,16,733

8,811

 

Source: Department of Commerce

Table 2: Country-wise import of Lithium (HS Code: 85065000)

(Quantity in Thousand numbers)

2018-19

2019-20

2020-21

Country

 

Quantity %Share Country

 

Quantity

 

%Share Country

Quantity

%Share

Hong Kong

47,248

55.44

Hong Kong

38,547

53.26

Hong Kong

26,641

37.32

China

16,868

19.79

China

14,988

20.71

China

22,881

32.05

Indonesia

11,276

13.23

Indonesia

9,063

12.52

Indonesia

6,689

9.37

Singapore

4,929

5.78

Singapore

5,077

7.02

Singapore

5,849

8.19

Korea RP

3,257

3.82

Korea RP

2,780

3.84

Japan

5,090

7.13

Japan

1,134

1.33

Japan

1,512

2.09

Korea RP

3,180

4.45

Israel

186

0.22

Israel

144

0.20

Thailand

337

0.47

USA

84

0.10

USA

85

0.12

Germany

243

0.34

Malaysia

70

0.08

Germany

72

0.10

USA

155

0.22

Taiwan

42

0.05

Taiwan

61

0.08

Israel

126

0.18

Others (26 Countries)

130

0.15

Others (25

Countries)

48

0.07

Others (23 Countries)

202

0.28

Total

85,224

100

Total

72,376

100

Total

71,392

100

 

Source: Department of Commerce

Table 3: Country-wise import of Lithium-ion (HS Code: 85076000)

(Quantity in Thousand numbers)

2018-19

2019-20

2020-21

Country

Quantity %Share

 

Country

Quantity

%Share

Country

Quantity

%Share

China

5,08,415

81.04

China

3,67,717

68.17

China

3,75,831

72.73

Hong Kong

94,750

15.10

Hong Kong

1,37,473

25.48

Hong Kong

1,21,335

23.48

Vietnam

19,378

3.09

Vietnam

19,797

3.67

Vietnam

12,852

2.49

Malaysia

1,722

0.27

Malaysia

4,260

0.79

Malaysia

1,769

0.34

Korea RP

1,192

0.19

Korea RP

2,823

0.52

Singapore

1,708

0.33

USA

361

0.06

Singapore

2,779

0.52

Korea RP

1,405

0.27

Taiwan

359

0.06

Thailand

1,484

0.28

Japan

551

0.11

Singapore

296

0.05

Indonesia

1,090

0.20

U S A

389

0.08

Sri Lanka

211

0.03

Japan

895

0.17

Indonesia

349

0.07

UAE

185

0.03

Taiwan

528

0.10

Taiwan

195

0.04

Others (35 Countries)

483

0.08

Others (29 Countries)

583

0.11

Others (30 Countries)

350

0.07

Total

6,27,353

100

Total

5,39,427

100

Total

5,16,733

100

Source: Department of Commerce

This information was given by the Union Minister of Coal, Mines and Parliamentary Affairs Shri PralhadJoshi in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today.

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MV/AKN/RKP

 

 



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