Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

Socio-Economic Status of SCs And OBCs

Posted On: 27 NOV 2019 3:44PM by PIB Delhi

The Census collects only Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) wise data. Other Backward Classes (OBCs) data is not collected in Census. As per 2011 Census of total population, total SCs population and total STs Population are as under:

2011 Census

             Total Population


Total SC Population


Total ST Population



Further, Census collects data on various socio-economic parameters and educational status, such as literates/illiterates, educational level, gender, workers, main workers, marginal workers, occupational and industrial classification of workers etc.

2011 Census data on various socio-economic and educational parameters of SCs and STs are available at the following link:


Government has taken numerous steps for improving the socio-economic and educational conditions of the vulnerable sections of the Society. These, inter-alia, includes reservation in education and employment. A list of several welfare schemes being implemented for improving the socio-economic and educational conditions of the SCs, STs and OBCs is annexed.

List of Schemes being implemented for strengthening the socio-economic and educational conditions of the Scheduled Castes (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs) and Other Backward Classes (OBCs):

  1. Centrally Sponsored Scheme for Pre-Matric Scholarship to the SC Students studying in classes IX & X
  2. Pre-Matric Scholarship to the Children of those engaged in occupations involving cleaning and prone to health hazards
  3. Post Matric Scholarship for SC
  4. Babu Jagjivan Ram Chhatrawas Yojana for Girls & Boys
  5. National Fellowship Scheme for SC Students
  6. Central Sector Scholarship of Top Class Education for SC Students
  7. National Overseas Scholarship
  8. Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana
  9. Special Central Assistance to Scheduled Caste Sub Plan
  10. Free Coaching Scheme for SC and OBC Students
  11. Scheme of Grant in Aid to Voluntary and other organisations working for Scheduled Castes
  12. Implementation of Protection of Civil Rights(PCR) Act, 1955 and the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) {PoA} Act, 1989
  13. National  Scheduled Castes Finance and Development Corporation (NSFDC)
  14. Assistance to State Scheduled Castes Development Corporations (SCDC)
  15. Venture Capital Fund for Scheduled Castes (VCF-SC)
  16. Pre-Matric Scholarship for OBC students
  17. Post-Matric Scholarship for OBC students
  18. Construction of Hostels for OBC Boys and Girls
  19.  National fellowship for OBC students
  20. Dr. Ambedkar Scheme of Interest Subsidy  on Educational Loan for Overseas Studies for OBCs and Economically Backward Classes(EBCs)
  21. Assistance for Skill Development for OBCs/ EBCs/ DNTs
  22. Venture Capital Fund for Backward Classes
  23. National Backward Classes Finance and Development Corporation
  24. Pre-Matric Scholarship for Scheduled Tribes students.
  25. Post-Matric Scholarship for Scheduled Tribes students.
  26. National Fellowship and Scholarship for Higher Education of ST Students
  27. National Overseas Scholarship for Scheduled Tribe candidates
  28. Supporting Projects of All India or Inter-State nature.
  29. Support to Tribal Research Institutes (TRI)
  30. Scheme of Centres of Excellence
  31. Institutional Support for Development and Marketing of Tribal Product/Produce"
  32. Tribal Festival.
  33. Scheme of Grant in Aid to Voluntary Organizations working for welfare of STs
  34. Minor Forest Produce (MFP) through Minimum Support Price (MSP) and Mechanism of marketing of Development of Value Chain for MFP
  35. Special Central Assistance (SCA) to Tribal Sub-Scheme (TSS)
  36. Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)
  37. Support to National / State Scheduled Tribes Finance and Development Corporations
  38. Grants under Article 275(1) of the Constitution of India


This information was given by Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment Shri Rattan Lal Kataria in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today.





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