Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
azadi ka amrit mahotsav

Coastal Erosion

Posted On: 04 DEC 2023 3:23PM by PIB Delhi

Some stretches of India’s shoreline are subject to varying degrees of erosion due to natural causes or anthropogenic activities. The coastal erosion does impact coastal communities residing in the erosion prone areas including fishermen communities. National Centre for Coastal Research, (NCCR), an attached office of the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India has monitored the shoreline changes for entire Indian coastline using multi-spectral satellite images along with field-surveyed data for the period 1990-2018. It is observed that 33.6% of the Indian coastline was vulnerable to erosion, 26.9% was under accretion (growing) and 39.6% was in stable state.

Under the shoreline mapping system undertaken by NCCR, 526 maps were prepared for the entire Indian mainland coast for identifying vulnerable areas to coastal erosion in 1:25000 scale, along with 69 district maps, and 9 States and 2 Union Territory (UT) maps. A report on "National Assessment of Shoreline Changes along Indian Coast" was released in July 2018 and the report was shared with various Central and State Government agencies and stakeholders for implementing shoreline protection measures. An updated version of Atlas, along with a digital version of the report, containing all the maps, was released on 25th March 2022. 

The study by NCCR reveals that the shoreline changes are combined effect of natural and human activities and the receding coastline will cause loss of land/habitat and the livelihood of fishermen in terms of losing the space for parking boats, mending nets and fishing operations.

The National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management (NCSCM) has undertaken a detailed study – Statewise, beachwise, the findings of which are given in Annexure.

The Government of India is committed for taking proactive steps in combating sea erosion and protection of India’s coastal areas and the coastal communities. Some of the important measures taken are as follows:

      1. Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change has delineated the hazard line for the entire coast of the country. The hazard line is indicative of the shoreline changes, including sea level rise due to climate change. This line is to be used by agencies in Coastal States as a tool for Disaster Management including planning of adaptive and mitigation measures. The hazard line features in the new Coastal Zone Management Plans of the coastal States/Union territories approved by the MoEFCC.
      1. MoEFCC has notified Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 2019 with a view to conserve and protect coastal stretches, marine areas and to ensure livelihood security to the fisher and other local communities. The coastal regulations, however, permit setting up of erosion control measures in the coast. The notification also provides for No Development Zones (NDZ) along various categories of coastal areas to protect India’s coastline from encroachment and erosion.
      1. In addition in compliance of Hon’ble NGT order dated 11/04/2022 in O.A. No. 04 of 2013 and Appeal No. 18 of 2017, Chief Secretaries of all the Coastal States / UTs, including Puducherry, have been requested vide letter dated 08/09/2022 to finalize the Coastal Zone Management Plan (CZMP) as per CRZ Notification 2019 which also includes mapping of erosion prone areas and preparation of Shore Line Management Plan for such identified eroding stretches shown in the CZMP.
      1. MoEFCC has framed a national strategy for coastal protection along with guidelines for all Coastal States and Union Territories.
      1. The Flood Management Scheme of Ministry of Jal Shakti, including anti-sea erosion schemes, are planned and executed by the State Governments with their own resources as per priorities of States. Union Government renders assistance to states which is technical, advisory, catalytic and promotional in nature.
      1. Considering the importance of collection of data on coastal processes towards coastal protection measures, a new component "Coastal Management Information System (CMIS)" was initiated under the Central Sector Plan Scheme "Development of Water Resources Information System". CMIS is a data collection activity carried out to collect near shore coastal data which can be used in planning, design, construction and maintenance of site specific coastal protection structures at vulnerable Coastal stretches. Establishment of three sites each in the State of Kerala, Tamil Nadu and UT of Puducherry has been completed.
      1. Coastal erosion mitigation measures have been taken up at Puducherry and Chellanam in Kerala, which helped in restoration and protection of coastal areas lost at Puducherry and flooding at Chellanam Fishing Village. Technical support has been extended to the coastal States in the design of coastal protection measures at vulnerable stretches and preparation of Shoreline Management Plans.

Annexure

Beach

Status

Area (Sq. m)

Gujarat

Umbrat Beach

Accretion

110895.32

TIthal Beach

Erosion

69910.56

Suvalli Beach

Erosion

688783.17

Mandavi Beach

Accretion

20471.44

Dandi Beach

Erosion

69434.26

Dabhari Beach

Erosion

1640149.52

Shivrajpur Beach

Erosion

32692.74

Shivrajpur Beach

Accretion

2396.77

Daman and Diu (UT)

Diu Beach

Accretion

2336.42

Ghoghla Beach

Erosion

13614.04

Ghoghla Beach

Accretion

3430.41

Maharashtra

Versova Beach

Accretion

1339.07

Vengurla Beach

Erosion

4959.69

Tarkarli Beach

Accretion

1387.88

Sriuvardhan Beach

Erosion

45912.15

Shivaji Beach

Accretion

28662.60

Sasawne Beach

Erosion

59331.47

Nagaon Beach

Erosion

93944.04

Murud Beach

Erosion

20098.49

Marve Beach

Accretion

25165.11

Manori Beach

Erosion

17815.01

Mandwa Beach

Erosion

20595.14

Malvan Beach

Accretion

8957.17

Kihim Beach

Erosion

6808.47

Kelwa Beach

Erosion

34484.03

Kelshi Beach

Accretion

107785.97

Kashid Beach

Accretion

5795.18

Juhu Beach

Erosion

25855.83

Harihareswar Beach

Erosion

31200.00

Guhagar Beach

Erosion

2010.86

Guhagar Beach

Accretion

536.72

Guhagar Beach

Erosion

15407.02

Ganpatipule Beach

Erosion

100688.26

Diveagar Beach

Accretion

31948.86

Dahanu Beach

Erosion

196831.94

Bordi Beach

Erosion

114128.18

Awas Beach

Erosion

59849.10

Anjarle Beach

Erosion

0.00

Anjarle Beach

Erosion

30341.50

Alibag Beach

Accretion

1338.05

Aksa Beach

Accretion

91307.51

Velneshwar Beach

Erosion

31409.94

Bhandarpule Beach

Erosion

41675.18

Goa

Agonda Beach

Erosion

1716.31

Agonda Beach

Accretion

2618.69

Anjuna Beach

Accretion

451.84

Anjuna Beach

Erosion

355.49

Arambol Beach

Accretion

2059.52

Ashvem Beach

Erosion

12734.77

Baga Beach

Accretion

29080.56

Baina Beach

Accretion

10037.84

Benaulim Beach

Accretion

8269.15

Betalbatim Beach

Erosion

8310.65

Betul Beach

Accretion

54167.73

Bogmalo Beach

Accretion

4294.77

caboderama Beach

Accretion

445.35

Calangute Beach

Accretion

48192.09

Canaiguinium Beach

Erosion

2360.52

Candolim Beach

Accretion

2764.31

Candolim Beach

Erosion

5169.59

Cansaulim Beach

Erosion

8377.57

Caranzalem Beach

Accretion

314284.02

Cavelossim Beach

Erosion

678.08

Cavelossim Beach

Accretion

13863.45

Cola Beach

Accretion

834.25

Colva Beach

Erosion

22563.76

Dharvalem Beach

Erosion

925.12

Dharvalem Beach

Accretion

835.28

Galginbag Beach

Accretion

72.18

Galginbag Beach

Erosion

2672.66

Hansa Beach

Accretion

2451.44

Kakolem Beach

Accretion

252.30

Kakolem Beach

Erosion

190.02

Kalacha Beach

Accretion

1833.60

Majorda Beach

Accretion

5574.31

Mandarim Beach

Erosion

15829.25

Mobor Beach

Accretion

6713.69

Morjim Beach

Accretion

13764.73

Ozran Beach

Accretion

4278.20

Palolem Beach

Accretion

1326.79

Patnem Beach

Erosion

1265.84

Polem Beach

Erosion

232.21

Polem Beach

Accretion

4398.47

Querim Beach

Erosion

10403.88

Rajban Beach

Accretion

6135.39

Sernabatim Beach

Erosion

7670.26

Sinquerim Beach

Erosion

8339.79

Talpona Beach

Erosion

5659.62

Utorda Beach

Erosion

297.62

Vagator Beach

Accretion

915.93

Vagator Beach

Erosion

753.30

Varca Beach

Accretion

17823.41

Velsao Beach

Erosion

5670.13

Karnataka

Apsarakonda Beach

Erosion

53073.51

Karwar Beach

Accretion

227480.88

Kaup Beach

Erosion

7267.24

Kudle Beach

Accretion

35522.74

Malpe Beach

Accretion

61125.68

Maravanthe Beach

Erosion

1005.29

Mukka Beach

Accretion

30.68

Mukka Beach

Erosion

47005.63

Murudeshwar Beach

Erosion

14062.86

NITK Beach

Erosion

12501.36

Panambur Beach

Erosion

50743.44

Sasihithlu Beach

Erosion

17696.65

Sasihithlu Beach

Erosion

19078.86

Someshwar Beach

Erosion

317133.03

Tannirubhavi Beach

Accretion

375772.02

Ullal Beach

Erosion

296835.10

Kasarkod Beach

Erosion

67382.31

Padubidri Beach

Erosion

44380.15

Kerala

Allepey Beach

Accretion

29444.73

Allepey Beach

Erosion

36851.46

Chavakkad Beach

Accretion

913318.17

Cherai Beach

Erosion

132473.85

Fort Kochi Beach

Erosion

81615.61

Hawa Beach

Erosion

5661.86

Kanhangad Beach

Erosion

45986.69

Kappad Beach

Accretion

2826.71

Kappad Beach

Erosion

6522.31

KappilBeach

Erosion

148417.30

Kollam Beach

Accretion

256589.82

Kovalam Beach

Erosion

10518.66

Light House Beach

Erosion

4770.73

Marari Beach

Accretion

166698.28

Meenkunnu Beach

Accretion

545923.22

Muzhappilangad Beach

Accretion

76451.75

Payyambalam Beach

Accretion

23298.40

Samudra Beach

Erosion

22055.28

Shangumughom Beach

Erosion

133403.06

Snehatheeram Beach

Erosion

731778.25

Thirumullavaram Beach

Accretion

938.14

Thirumullavaram Beach

Erosion

13235.73

Tamil Nadu

Ariyaman Beach

Accretion

124947.44

Kovalam Beach

Erosion

415480.44

Dhankuskodi Beach

Erosion

142770.14

Eliiots beach

Accretion

148692.35

Golden Beach

Accretion

16936.42

Kanyakumari Beach

Accretion

36380.83

Kasimedu Beach

Accretion

743.04

Mahabalipuram Beach

Erosion

50197.38

Marina Beach

Accretion

302193.70

Pamban Beach

Erosion

9298.59

Paradise Beach

Accretion

2215.20

Sanguthurai Beach

Erosion

7073.14

Sendumal Beach

Accretion

211057.91

Serenity Beach

Accretion

7748.95

Silver Beach

Erosion

468380.47

Sothavilai Beach

Erosion

142462.63

Thiruvanmiyur Beach

Accretion

73520.99

Tiruchendur Beach

Accretion

75327.24

Tuticorin Beach

Accretion

458485.70

Vattakotai Beach

Erosion

29916.55

Velankanni Beach

Erosion

378673.22

Puducherry (UT)

Auroville Beach

Erosion

173583.02

Karaikal Beach

Erosion

349227.87

Promenade Beach

Accretion

2504.55

Eden Beach

Accretion

268160.98

Yanam Beach

Erosion

421533.99

Andhra Pradesh

Addaripeta Beach

Erosion

9496.11

Alagayapalem Beach

Accretion

6296.74

Alone Beach

Accretion

88822.57

Antervedi Beach

Erosion

1231329.46

Balarampuram Beach

Accretion

340781.79

Baruva Beach

Erosion

21297.99

Bavapadu Beach

Accretion

138802.27

Bheemili Beach

Accretion

1988.95

Boyapadu Beach

Accretion

12026.85

Budagatlapalem Beach

Accretion

1074003.87

BVS Beach

Accretion

72432.39

Chackicheral Beach

Accretion

127345.51

Chinaganjam Beach

Accretion

339666.78

Chinakaragraharam Beach

Erosion

267724.51

Chintalamori Beach

Accretion

971093.66

Chintapalli Beach

Accretion

7832.59

Chintapalli Beach

Accretion

6919.50

Danvaipeta Beach

Erosion

125620.46

Dindi Beach

Accretion

2052360.94

Dlpuram Beach

Erosion

7959.62

Dokulapadu Beach

Accretion

149296.36

Dragonmouth Beach

Erosion

5088056.51

Etthamukhala Beach

Accretion

176058.88

Gaddipeta Beach

Erosion

417540.47

Gangapatnam Beach

Erosion

1321.40

Gangavaram Beach

Accretion

28340.74

Gavandlapallem Beach

Accretion

55789.17

Gollapalem Beach

Accretion

1505327.01

Gopuvanipalem Beach

Accretion

1689118.10

Gudivada Beach

Erosion

23104.89

Guppidipeta Beach

Accretion

150270.46

Gurrajupeta Beach

Erosion

9130.78

Guvundlapalem Beach

Erosion

137489.66

Jeerupalem Beach

Accretion

214805.80

Jodugullapalem Beach

Accretion

6313.45

Kalingapatnam Beach

Accretion

349674.84

Kanakadurga Beach

Accretion

336774.82

Kanuparthi Beach

Accretion

3428.24

Karlapalem Beach

Erosion

30953.41

Katamvaripalem Beach

Accretion

18390.07

Katepalli Beach

Erosion

48298.18

Kaviti Beach

Erosion

14366.70

Kesanapalli Beach

Accretion

318385.82

Kodurivaripalem Beach

Accretion

230665.94

Konada Beach

Accretion

1066757.95

Konada Beach

Accretion

10807.08

Konapapapeta Beach

Erosion

967113.57

Kondurpalem Beach

Accretion

221451.41

Kotcherla Beach

Accretion

53449.62

Kotharevu Beach

Accretion

342075.36

Kothasathram Beach

Accretion

9046.33

Kovvada Beach

Accretion

179862.38

Krishnapatnam Beach

Accretion

12302.34

Kudithipalem Beach

Erosion

2771.44

Kunduvanipeta Beach

Accretion

206054.31

LN Puram Beach

Erosion

124213.86

Machilipatinam Beach

Accretion

2015989.42

Moonside Beach

Accretion

182696.95

Motupalli Beach

Accretion

213343.51

Mypadu Beach

Erosion

5185.80

Nawabpet Beach

Erosion

124943.59

Nemam Beach

Erosion

379181.73

Nizampatinam Beach

Accretion

433528.79

Nuvvalarevu Beach

Accretion

61200.58

Odalarevu Beach

Erosion

1877569.16

Onturu Beach

Accretion

112129.18

Pakala Beach

Accretion

266197.14

Pallam Beach

Accretion

35035.37

Pallipalem Beach

Erosion

30967.23

Pandurangapuram Beach

Accretion

302154.94

Pedaganjam Beach

Accretion

183209.78

Pedamainavanilanka Beach

Accretion

322840.84

Pedapatnam Beach

Accretion

725942.03

Pedaramudupalem Beach

Accretion

4494.05

Peddapallepalem Beach

Erosion

845125.46

Pedhatheenarla Beach

Erosion

2030.40

Pentakota Beach

Erosion

20114.08

Perumallapuram Beach

Erosion

425110.42

Pinnivaripalem Beach

Accretion

77074.43

Ponnapudi Beach

Accretion

411513.29

Pothayyapeta Beach

Accretion

93416.41

Rajarampuram Beach

Accretion

537657.18

Rajupalem Beach

Accretion

46462.31

Rajyapeta Beach

Accretion

6248.96

Rambili Beach

Erosion

3556.70

Ramchandrapuram Beach

Accretion

131727.90

Ramyapatnam Beach

Accretion

44598.30

Ramyapattanam Beach

Erosion

74319.89

Raviguntapalem Beach

Accretion

167681.67

Revupolavaram Beach

Erosion

42543.94

RK BEach

Accretion

82099.87

RP Palem Beach

Accretion

124245.14

Rushikonda Beach

Erosion

13338.58

Sagarnagar Beach

Accretion

6658.28

Seethapalem Beach

Accretion

4290.08

Shankaraguptham Beach

Accretion

582580.72

Shiv Beach

Accretion

7978.51

Shivasagar Beach

Accretion

47032.18

ShivasatendraPrajapati Beach

Accretion

6421.41

SSR Port Beach

Accretion

399.50

Sunrise Beach

Accretion

347028.52

Tallapalem Beach

Accretion

1433077.00

Tammayyapalem Beach

Accretion

46367.19

Thanthadi Beach

Accretion

34113.48

Thatichetla palem Beach

Erosion

94118.40

Thotlakonda Beach

Erosion

15664.48

Thummalapenta Beach

Erosion

420848.17

Thupilipalem Beach

Accretion

148877.89

Tikkavanipalem Beach

Accretion

241948.82

Turpupalem Beach

Accretion

263938.90

Uppada Beach

Erosion

380688.53

Vasalatippa Beach

Accretion

202384.65

Vatsavalasa Beach

Accretion

630357.56

Vodarevu Beach

Accretion

250844.59

Yarad Beach

Accretion

9218.71

Zard Beach

Accretion

22981.46

Odisha

Aryapalli Beach

Erosion

676471.18

Astaranaga Beach

Accretion

667896.55

Baleswar Beach

Erosion

108246.70

Chandipur Beach

Accretion

138066.82

Chandrabaga Beach

Accretion

10490.03

Dagara Beach

Accretion

3815427.09

Dhabaleshwar Beach

Erosion

76665.07

Gahirmatha Beach

Accretion

570899.12

ganjam Beach

Erosion

3467.58

Gopalpur

Accretion

7946.11

Hukitola Beach

Accretion

5651304.28

Konark Beach

Accretion

20579.76

Paradeep Beach

Accretion

684719.25

Parikud Beach

Accretion

40901.68

Pentha Beach

Erosion

3645514.06

Puri

Accretion

42295.56

Ramchandi Beach

Accretion

184573.19

Satabhaya Beach

Erosion

4494576.08

Satpada Beach

Accretion

1190005.73

Sonapur Beach

Accretion

3825.56

Golden Beach

Erosion

379979.57

West Bengal

Bankiput Beach

Accretion

205519.80

Digha Beach

Accretion

7396.33

Junput Beach

Accretion

643921.07

Mandarmani Beach

Erosion

108815.27

Shankarpur Beach

Erosion

826310.08

Tajpur Beach

Erosion

287462.27

Udayapur Beach

Erosion

51357.46

 

This information was given by the Union Minister of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Shri Ashwini Kumar Choubey in a written reply in the Lok Sabha today.

 

*****

MJPS/NSK



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