Ministry of Jal Shakti

Potable Water Problem in Rural Areas

Posted On: 19 JUL 2021 7:40PM by PIB Delhi

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) is periodically monitoring the ground water levels throughout the Country on a regional scale, through a network of monitoring wells. In order to assess the decline in water level on a long-term basis, water level data collected by CGWB during November 2018, November 2019 and November 2020 have been compared with the decadal average November (2008 to 2017), November (2009 to 2018) and November (2010 to 2019) respectively . State wise details in this regard are given in Annexure.

To enable every rural household to have assured supply of potable tap water in adequate quantity, of prescribed quality and on regular and long-term basis by 2024, Government of India, in partnership with States, is implementing JalJeevan Mission (JJM) – HarGharJal, with an estimated outlay of Rs. 3.60 lakh Crore. Further, under JalJeevan Mission, provisions have been made for creation of in-village water supply infrastructure including source development/strengthening/ augmentation; and infrastructure for bulk transfer of water, treatment and distribution systems for water deficit drought-prone and desert areas without dependable ground water sources.

Government of India launched Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA) in 2019, a time bound campaign with a mission mode approach intended to improve water availability including ground water conditions in the water stressed blocks of  256  districts  in India. Further ‘Jal Shakti Abhiyan – Catch the Rain’ campaign has been launched by Hon’ble Prime Minister of India on 22 March 2021.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) is implementing National Aquifer Mapping and Management program (NAQUIM), which envisages mapping of aquifers (water bearing formations), their characterization and development of Aquifer Management Plans to facilitate sustainable management of Ground Water Resources in the country.  The State-wise information is shared with States/Uts for implementation.   

Government of India is implementing AtalBhujalYojana (AtalJal), a Rs.6,000.00crore Central Sector Scheme, for sustainable management of ground water resources with community participation. AtalJal is being implemented in 81 water stressed districts and 8,774 Gram Panchayats of seven States viz. Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.

Water being a State subject, initiatives on water management including water conservation/ water harvesting and making available potable water in the Country is primarily States’ responsibility.  However, the important measures taken by the Central Government in this regard are available at the following URL:

http://jalshakti-dowr.gov.in/sites/default/files/Steps_to_control_water_depletion_Feb2021.pdf.

This Information was given by the Minister of State for Jal Shakti & Tribal Affairs, Shri. BishweswarTuduRajyaSabha  today.

 

Annexure

 

Annexure referred to in reply to part (a) of Unstarred Question No. 94 to be answered in RajyaSabha on 19.07.2021 regarding “Potable Water Problem in Rural Areas”.

 

State-wise Decadal Ground Water Level Fluctuation with Mean [November (2008 to 2017)] and November 2018

S. No.

Name of State

No. of wells Analysed

Rise

Fall

Rise

Fall

Wells showing no change

0-2 m

2-4 m

>4 m

0-2 m

2-4 m

>4 m

No

%

No

%

No

%

No

%

No

%

No

%

No

%

No

%

No

%

1

Andhra Pradesh

730

173

23.7

14

1.9

8

1.1

352

48.2

110

15.1

73

10.0

195

27

535

73

0

0

2

Arunachal Pradesh

10

1

10.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

8

80.0

1

10.0

0

0.0

1

10

9

90

0

0

3

Assam

176

80

45.5

5

2.8

0

0.0

81

46.0

7

4.0

2

1.1

85

48

90

51

1

1

4

Bihar

638

207

32.4

23

3.6

1

0.2

312

48.9

72

11.3

23

3.6

231

36

407

64

0

0

5

Chandigarh

8

3

37.5

0

0.0

0

0.0

3

37.5

0

0.0

2

25.0

3

38

5

63

0

0

6

Chhattisgarh

513

86

16.8

21

4.1

9

1.8

289

56.3

92

17.9

16

3.1

116

23

397

77

0

0

7

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

17

2

11.8

1

5.9

0

0.0

11

64.7

1

5.9

2

11.8

3

18

14

82

0

0

8

Daman & Diu

11

9

81.8

2

18.2

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

11

100

0

0

0

0

9

Delhi

83

19

22.9

1

1.2

3

3.6

23

27.7

20

24.1

17

20.5

23

28

60

72

0

0

10

Goa

30

7

23.3

0

0.0

2

6.7

15

50.0

4

13.3

2

6.7

9

30

21

70

0

0

11

Gujarat

752

191

25.4

64

8.5

34

4.5

232

30.9

128

17.0

103

13.7

289

38

463

62

0

0

12

Haryana

305

90

29.5

12

3.9

6

2.0

109

35.7

51

16.7

37

12.1

108

35

197

65

0

0

13

Himachal Pradesh

110

74

67.3

6

5.5

10

9.1

18

16.4

1

0.9

1

0.9

90

82

20

18

0

0

14

Jammu & Kashmir

155

49

31.6

0

0.0

0

0.0

100

64.5

6

3.9

0

0.0

49

32

106

68

0

0

15

Jharkhand

276

110

39.9

3

1.1

1

0.4

128

46.4

29

10.5

4

1.4

114

41

161

58

1

0

16

Karnataka

1373

413

30.1

68

5.0

32

2.3

581

42.3

163

11.9

114

8.3

513

37

858

62

2

0

17

Kerala

1452

527

36.3

42

2.9

11

0.8

831

57.2

37

2.5

3

0.2

580

40

871

60

1

0

18

Madhya Pradesh

1329

298

22.4

47

3.5

34

2.6

588

44.2

221

16.6

137

10.3

379

29

946

71

4

0

19

Maharashtra

1633

330

20.2

49

3.0

21

1.3

763

46.7

263

16.1

207

12.7

400

24

1233

76

0

0

20

Meghalaya

23

11

47.8

0

0.0

1

4.3

11

47.8

0

0.0

0

0.0

12

52

11

48

0

0

21

Odhisha

1284

555

43.2

42

3.3

3

0.2

611

47.6

61

4.8

11

0.9

600

47

683

53

1

0

22

Pondicherry

4

3

75.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

25.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

3

75

1

25

0

0

23

Punjab

249

56

22.5

9

3.6

1

0.4

94

37.8

37

14.9

52

20.9

66

27

183

73

0

0

24

Rajasthan

618

155

25.1

48

7.8

43

7.0

178

28.8

92

14.9

102

16.5

246

40

372

60

0

0

25

Tamil Nadu

550

166

30.2

52

9.5

37

6.7

161

29.3

77

14.0

57

10.4

255

46

295

54

0

0

26

Telangana

560

165

29.5

29

5.2

11

2.0

162

28.9

86

15.4

107

19.1

205

37

355

63

0

0

27

Tripura

21

14

66.7

0

0.0

0

0.0

6

28.6

0

0.0

1

4.8

14

67

7

33

0

0

28

Uttar Pradesh

734

251

34.2

28

3.8

10

1.4

347

47.3

75

10.2

23

3.1

289

39

445

61

0

0

29

Uttarakhand

41

23

56.1

2

4.9

1

2.4

10

24.4

1

2.4

4

9.8

26

63

15

37

0

0

30

West Bengal

702

165

23.5

27

3.8

8

1.1

351

50.0

81

11.5

68

9.7

200

28

500

71

2

0

Total

14387

4233

29.4

595

4.1

287

2.0

6376

44.3

1716

11.9

1168

8.1

5115

36

9260

64

12

0

 

State-wise Decadal Water Level Fluctuation with Mean [November (2009 to 2018)] and November 2019

S. No.

Name of State

No. of wells Analysed

Rise

Fall

Rise

Fall

Wells showing no change

0-2 m

2-4 m

>4 m

0-2 m

2-4 m

>4 m

No

%

No

%

No

%

No

%

No

%

No

%

No

%

No

%

No

%

1

Andhra Pradesh

700

417

59.6

64

9.1

13

1.9

143

20.4

33

4.7

29

4.1

494

71

205

29

1

0

2

Arunachal Pradesh

8

3

37.5

0

0.0

0

0.0

5

62.5

0

0.0

0

0.0

3

38

5

63

0

0

3

Assam

119

66

55.5

3

2.5

1

0.8

46

38.7

3

2.5

0

0.0

70

59

49

41

0

0

4

Bihar

612

418

68.3

57

9.3

2

0.3

115

18.8

14

2.3

6

1.0

477

78

135

22

0

0

5

Chandigarh

8

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

12.5

5

62.5

1

12.5

1

12.5

1

13

7

88

0

0

6

Chhattisgarh

543

261

48.1

37

6.8

11

2.0

186

34.3

34

6.3

14

2.6

309

57

234

43

0

0

7

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

17

11

64.7

2

11.8

1

5.9

3

17.6

0

0.0

0

0.0

14

82

3

18

0

0

8

Daman & Diu

9

5

55.6

0

0.0

0

0.0

4

44.4

0

0.0

0

0.0

5

56

4

44

0

0

9

Delhi

81

25

30.9

3

3.7

4

4.9

18

22.2

16

19.8

15

18.5

32

40

49

60

0

0

10

Goa

69

42

60.9

4

5.8

1

1.4

19

27.5

2

2.9

1

1.4

47

68

22

32

0

0

11

Gujarat

819

348

42.5

188

23.0

144

17.6

92

11.2

27

3.3

20

2.4

680

83

139

17

0

0

12

Haryana

272

86

31.6

8

2.9

12

4.4

83

30.5

46

16.9

37

13.6

106

39

166

61

0

0

13

Himachal Pradesh

105

60

57.1

8

7.6

6

5.7

29

27.6

1

1.0

1

1.0

74

70

31

30

0

0

14

Jammu & Kashmir

201

119

59.2

6

3.0

1

0.5

69

34.3

5

2.5

1

0.5

126

63

75

37

0

0

15

Jharkhand

272

175

64.3

55

20.2

7

2.6

29

10.7

4

1.5

2

0.7

237

87

35

13

0

0

16

Karnataka

1220

609

49.9

216

17.7

102

8.4

207

17.0

42

3.4

43

3.5

927

76

292

24

1

0

17

Kerala

1419

979

69.0

87

6.1

11

0.8

330

23.3

11

0.8

1

0.1

1077

76

342

24

0

0

18

Madhya Pradesh

1324

600

45.3

304

23.0

221

16.7

142

10.7

37

2.8

20

1.5

1125

85

199

15

0

0

19

Maharashtra

1613

773

47.9

308

19.1

164

10.2

284

17.6

47

2.9

33

2.0

1245

77

364

23

4

0

20

Meghalaya

13

5

38.5

1

7.7

0

0.0

7

53.8

0

0.0

0

0.0

6

46

7

54

0

0

21

Nagaland

3

0

0.0

1

33.3

0

0.0

1

33.3

1

33.3

0

0.0

1

33

2

67

0

0

22

Odhisha

1231

725

58.9

52

4.2

2

0.2

425

34.5

26

2.1

1

0.1

779

63

452

37

0

0

23

Pondicherry

6

4

66.7

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

16.7

1

16.7

0

0.0

4

67

2

33

0

0

24

Punjab

212

53

25.0

9

4.2

5

2.4

81

38.2

33

15.6

31

14.6

67

32

145

68

0

0

25

Rajasthan

1005

319

31.7

142

14.1

160

15.9

204

20.3

78

7.8

96

9.6

621

62

378

38

6

1

26

Tamil Nadu

627

233

37.2

111

17.7

79

12.6

119

19.0

51

8.1

34

5.4

423

67

204

33

0

0

27

Telangana

560

237

42.3

108

19.3

98

17.5

62

11.1

30

5.4

24

4.3

443

79

116

21

1

0

28

Tripura

21

11

52.4

0

0.0

0

0.0

9

42.9

1

4.8

0

0.0

11

52

10

48

0

0

29

Uttar Pradesh

659

299

45.4

55

8.3

16

2.4

219

33.2

46

7.0

23

3.5

370

56

288

44

1

0

30

Uttarakhand

49

13

26.5

1

2.0

1

2.0

17

34.7

7

14.3

10

20.4

15

31

34

69

0

0

31

West Bengal

702

309

44.0

49

7.0

15

2.1

239

34.0

37

5.3

53

7.5

373

53

329

47

0

0

Total

14499

7205

49.7

1879

13.0

1078

7.4

3193

22.0

634

4.4

496

3.4

10162

70

4323

30

14

0

 

 State-wise Decadal Water Level Fluctuation with Mean [November (2010 to 2019)] and November 2020

S. No.

Name of State

No. of wells Analysed

Rise

Fall

Rise

Fall

Wells showing no change

0-2 m

2-4 m

>4 m

0-2 m

2-4 m

>4 m

No

%

No

%

No

%

No

%

No

%

No

%

No

%

No

%

No

%

1

Andhra Pradesh

688

395

57.4

92

13.4

38

5.5

146

21.2

12

1.7

5

0.7

525

76

163

24

0

0

2

Arunachal Pradesh

3

3

100.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

3

100

0

0

0

0

3

Assam

158

113

71.5

5

3.2

2

1.3

35

22.2

3

1.9

0

0.0

120

76

38

24

0

0

4

Bihar

536

284

53.0

41

7.6

4

0.7

184

34.3

17

3.2

6

1.1

329

61

207

39

0

0

5

Chandigarh

11

3

27.3

2

18.2

0

0.0

5

45.5

0

0.0

1

9.1

5

45

6

55

0

0

6

Chhattisgarh

700

261

37.3

41

5.9

15

2.1

312

44.6

53

7.6

18

2.6

317

45

383

55

0

0

7

Dadra & Nagar Haveli #

17

11

64.7

2

11.8

1

5.9

3

17.6

0

0.0

0

0.0

14

82

3

18

0

0

8

Daman & Diu

9

7

77.8

0

0.0

0

0.0

2

22.2

0

0.0

0

0.0

7

78

2

22

0

0

9

Delhi

80

11

13.8

3

3.8

4

5.0

31

38.8

19

23.8

12

15.0

18

23

62

78

0

0

10

Goa

65

7

10.8

0

0.0

1

1.5

50

76.9

7

10.8

0

0.0

8

12

57

88

0

0

11

Gujarat

736

279

37.9

93

12.6

116

15.8

179

24.3

49

6.7

20

2.7

488

66

248

34

0

0

12

Haryana

312

83

26.6

5

1.6

7

2.2

94

30.1

44

14.1

78

25.0

95

30

216

69

1

0

13

Himachal Pradesh

88

31

35.2

3

3.4

2

2.3

47

53.4

3

3.4

2

2.3

36

41

52

59

0

0

14

Jammu & Kashmir

163

42

25.8

3

1.8

2

1.2

106

65.0

9

5.5

1

0.6

47

29

116

71

0

0

15

Jharkhand

276

162

58.7

42

15.2

17

6.2

49

17.8

5

1.8

1

0.4

221

80

55

20

0

0

16

Karnataka

1316

632

48.0

181

13.8

123

9.3

325

24.7

33

2.5

22

1.7

936

71

380

29

0

0

17

Kerala

1334

537

40.3

24

1.8

6

0.4

738

55.3

23

1.7

6

0.4

567

43

767

57

0

0

18

Madhya Pradesh

1294

594

45.9

160

12.4

43

3.3

372

28.7

83

6.4

42

3.2

797

62

497

38

0

0

19

Maharashtra**

3611

1815

50.3

592

16.4

262

7.3

869

24.1

53

1.5

20

0.6

2669

74

942

26

0

0

20

Meghalaya

23

13

56.5

1

4.3

0

0.0

9

39.1

0

0.0

0

0.0

14

61

9

39

0

0

21

Nagaland

2

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

50.0

1

50.0

0

0.0

0

0

2

100

0

0

22

Odhisha

1204

762

63.3

47

3.9

6

0.5

366

30.4

19

1.6

3

0.2

815

68

388

32

1

0

23

Pondicherry

6

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

4

66.7

2

33.3

0

0.0

0

0

6

100

0

0

24

Punjab

250

55

22.0

10

4.0

3

1.2

89

35.6

38

15.2

54

21.6

68

27

181

72

1

0

25

Rajasthan

962

271

28.2

89

9.3

69

7.2

288

29.9

105

10.9

137

14.2

429

45

530

55

3

0

26

Tamil Nadu

629

211

33.5

64

10.2

44

7.0

192

30.5

55

8.7

62

9.9

319

51

309

49

1

0

27

Telangana

549

200

36.4

121

22.0

177

32.2

45