Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Bio-Medical Waste

Posted On: 07 FEB 2020 12:49PM by PIB Delhi

As per information submitted by State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs) / Pollution Control Committees (PCCs), the details of State/Union Territories-wise quantum of bio-medical waste generation (during 2016, 2017 & 2018) in the country are given below:

 

S.No

      Name of State

Year 2016

Biomedical Waste Generation kg/day

Year 2017

Biomedical Waste Generation kg/day

Year 2018

Biomedical Waste Generation kg/day

1

Andaman Nicobar

380

187

199.3

2

Andhra Pradesh

9898

10662.27

15144

3

Arunachal Pradesh

577.4

645.4

888.67

4

Assam

7925.8

8564.95

7820.67

5

Bihar

8827.69

33799.97

34812.9

6

Chandigarh

1994

2503

3188

7

Chhattisgarh

1988.85

1104.493

16096

8

Daman &Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli

253.9

322

331

9

Delhi

24996.44

24667.05

26757.5

10

Goa

2660.34

874

1837.1

11

Gujarat

30296

29070

33706

12

Haryana

11171.02

11662.91

14217.88

13

Himachal Pradesh

1717.70

3018.3

2570.12

14

Jharkhand

12829.98

12498.04

12788.2

15

J & K

885.94

4618.58

4482.9

16

Karnataka

66468

67339

65621.2

17

Kerala

37773.45

40990

71976.14

18

Lakshadweep

80

423

527

19

Madhya Pradesh

12810

14824

15846.74

20

Maharashtra

71511.5

61918

62418

21

Manipur

367.49

529.14

1140.16

22

Meghalaya

972.97

1061.5

1432.87

23

Mizoram

440.09

747.63

830.74

24

Nagaland

751.48

626.5

631.75

25

Orissa

13795.34

14197.49

14564

26

Puducherry

5849.8

5400

4319.8

27

Punjab

14668

15203

15980.7

28

Rajasthan

21722.84

22502.57

22261.756

29

Sikkim

388.44

235.21

396.7

30

Tamil Nadu

43789.08

46818.8

47196.9

31

Telengana

13220

15719

16243

32

Tripura

1607

1607

1401.5

33

Uttarakhand

2557.32

2946

4111.39

34

Uttar Pradesh

37655

43554

46401

35

West Bengal

26858.76

29773.84

34123.62

36

DGAFMS

27995.26

28470.21

6350.64

 

Total

517685

559084

608616

 

As informed by Central Pollution Control Board and as per Bio-medical Waste Management Rules, 2016, Bio-medical waste is required to be segregated in 4 color coded waste categories, and the same is treated and disposed as per the specified methods of disposal prescribed under Schedule I of the Rules.

Bio-medical waste generated from the hospitals shall be treated and disposed by Common Bio-medical Waste Treatment and Disposal Facility. In case there is no common facility in the reach of a healthcare facility, then such healthcare facility should install captive treatment and disposal facility. There are 200 authorized Common Bio-medical Waste Treatment and Disposal Facilities (CBWTFs) in 28 States for environmentally safe disposal of biomedical waste. Remaining 7 States namely Goa, Andaman Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Lakshadweep, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim do not have CBWTFs. Apart from common facilities, there are 12,296 number of captive treatment and disposal facilities installed by Healthcare Facilities.  Every healthcare facility, both bedded and non-bedded is required to take authorization from concerned State Pollution Control Board / Pollution Control Committee (SPCB/PCC) for management of Biomedical waste. As per annual report for the year 2018, there are 2,60,889 number of healthcare facilities generating about 608 MT per day of Bio-medical Waste, out of which 528 MT of Bio-medical Waste is treated and disposed through either CBWTF or Captive disposal facility.

Common methods of treatment and disposal of bio-medical waste are by incineration/plasma pyrolysis/deep-burial for Yellow Category waste; autoclaving/microwaving/chemical disinfection for Red Category waste; sterilization and shredding, disinfection followed by burial in concrete pit/recycling through foundry/encapsulation for White Category sharps waste; and washing, disinfection followed by recycling for Blue Category glass waste.

As per Annual report information received from State Pollution Control Boards / Pollution Control Committees (SPCBs/PCCs) for the year 2018, about 27427 instances of violations under Bio-medical Waste Management Rules, 2016 were reported against Healthcare Facilities (HCFs) or Common Biomedical Waste Treatment and Disposal Facilities (CBWTFs); out of which 16,960 number of HCFs/CBWTFs were given Show Cause Notices/Directions by concerned SPCB/PCCs for such violations. During the last 3 years, SPCBs/PCCs have issued about 46,442 nos of notices/directions to HCFs/CBWTFs.

Central Pollution Control Board conducted random inspection of HCFs/CBWTFs to verify compliance and taken action under section 5 of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 against 33 nos. of HCFs/CBWTFs during the year 2019.

Central Pollution Control Board has been following up with all SPCBs/PCCs to ensure effective management of biomedical waste in States/UTs. CPCB has also prepared following guidelines to facilitate the stakeholders to ensuring proper treatment and disposal of Bio-medical Waste in line with provisions of Bio-medical Waste Management Rules, 2016;

  1. Revised Guidelines for Common Bio-medical Waste Treatment and Disposal Facilities.
  2. Guidelines for Management of Healthcare Waste in Health Care Facilities as per Bio Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016
  3. Guidelines for Bar Code System for Effective Management of Bio-Medical Waste
  4. Guidelines for Handling of Biomedical Waste for Utilization
  5. Environmentally Sound Management of Mercury Waste Generated from Health Care Facilities.    
  6. Guidelines for "Imposition of Environmental Compensation against HCFs and CBWTFs"
  7. Guidelines for Verification of Two Seconds Residence Time in Secondary Combustion Chamber of the Biomedical Waste Incinerator

 

The Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), Sh Ashwini Kumar Choubey stated this in a written reply in the Lok Sabha here today.

 

*****

MV/LK



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