Ministry of Women and Child Development

Deaths due to Malnutrition

Posted On: 26 JUL 2019 5:26PM by PIB Delhi

The data on nutritional indicators of women and children across the country is captured under the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) conducted by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The State-wise prevalence of malnutrition in women and children as per NFHS - 4 (2015-16) is Annexed. Further, as far as NFHS-4 52.1% children under 5 years age are underweight and 49.3% are stunted and 31.3% are wasted. Further, 37.5% women (age 15-49 years) have chronic energy deficiency (BMI less than 18.5) among the tribal population of Rajasthan.

 

Malnutrition is not a direct cause of death among children under five years of age; however, it can increase morbidity and mortality by reducing resistance to infections. Malnourished children are more vulnerable to any infection than normal children, therefore, data regarding child mortality due to malnutrition is not maintained by this Ministry. The overall child mortality rate as per NFHS- 4 is 9.4 which is declined from 18.4 as per previous NFHS- 3. 

 

As per the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) – 4 (2015-16), conducted by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, 35.7% children under 5 years of age are underweight and 38.4% are stunted and 21% are wasted. The State-wise detail including Maharashtra is Annexed. Further, as per NFHS-4, 34.6% children under 5 years of age are underweight and 25.4 % are stunted and 24.1% are wasted in SolapurDistrict of Maharashtra.

 

As mentioned above, malnutrition is not a direct cause of death among children under five years of age; however, it can increase morbidity and mortality by reducing resistance to infections. Malnourished children are more vulnerable to any infection than normal children. However, for monitoring the level of malnutrition among the children (0-6 years of age), recently POSHAN Abhiyaan has been launched under which near real time monitoring is done through ICDS-CAS Mobile based Software Application. The ICDS-CAS Application enables the identification of malnutrition children based on auto-plotting of Growth Charts. The drill-down dashboard available at National, State, District, Block level contributes towards identifying and addressing the problem of nutrition.

 

Annexure

 

Prevalence of underweight, stunting, wasting and Anaemia among women and children (under 5 years) as per NFHS- 2015-16

 

S.No

State

 

Children under 5 years

Women (15-49 years)

Underweight

(%)

Stunting

(%)

Wasting

Anaemia

(%)

Chronic Energy Deficiency (%)

Anaemia

(%)

1

A& N Islands

21.6

23.3

18.9

49

13.1

65.7

2

Andhra Pradesh

31.9

31.4

17.2

58.6

17.6

60

3

Arunachal Pradesh

19.5

29.4

17.3

50.7

8.5

40.3

4

Assam           

29.8

36.4

17

35.7

25.7

46

5

Bihar

43.9

48.3

20.8

63.5

30.4

60.3

6

Chandigarh

24.5

28.7

10.9

73.1

13.3

75.9

7

Chhattisgarh

37.7

37.6

23.1

41.6

26.7

47

8

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

38.9

41.7

15.9

84.6

28.5

79.5

9

Daman & Diu

26.7

23.4

27.6

73.8

12.9

58.9

10

Delhi

27

32.3

24.1

62.6

12.8

52.5

11

Goa

23.8

20.1

21.9

48.3

14.7

31.3

12

Gujarat

39.3

38.5

26.4

62.6

27.2

54.9

13

Haryana

29.4

34

21.2

71.7

15.8

62.7

14

Himachal Pradesh

21.2

26.3

13.7

53.7

16.2

53.4

15

J&K

16.6

27.4

12.1

43.3

12.1

40.3

16

Jharkhand

47.8

45.3

29

69.9

31.5

65.2

17

Karnataka

35.2

36.2

26.1

60.9

20.7

44.8

18

Kerala

16.1

19.7

15.7

35.6

9.7

34.2

19

Lakshadweep

23.4

27

13.7

51.9

12.5

45.7

20

Madhya Pradesh

42.8

42

25.8

68.9

28.3

52.5

21

Maharashtra

36

34.4

25.6

53.8

23.5

48

22

Manipur

13.8

28.9

6.8

23.9

8.8

26.4

23

Meghalaya

29

43.8

15.3

48

12.1

56.2

24

Mizoram

11.9

28

6.1

17.7

8.3

22.5

25

Nagaland

16.8

28.6

11.3

21.6

12.2

23.9

26

Orissa

34.4

34.1

20.4

44.6

26.4

51

27

Puducherry

22

23.7

15.6

44.9

11.3

52.4

28

Punjab

21.6

25.7

23.6

56.6

11.7

53.5

29

Rajasthan

36.7

39.1

23

60.3

27

46.8

30

Sikkim     

14.2

29.6

14.2

55.1

6.4

34.9

31

Tamil Nadu

23.8

27.1

19.7

50.7

14.6

55.1

32

Telangana

28.5

28.1

18

60.7

23.1

56.7

33

Tripura

24.1

24.3

16.8

48.3

18.9

54.5

34

Uttar Pradesh

39.5

46.3

17.9

63.2

25.3

52.4

35

Uttarakhand

26.6

33.5

19.5

59.8

18.4

45.2

36

West Bengal

31.5

32.5

20.3

54.2

21.3

62.5

 

India

35.7

38.4

21

58.4

22.9

53

 

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, SmritiZubinIrani, in a written reply in the Lok Sabha today.

 

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MM/SB



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