Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation

Gigantic Project for Linking Of Rivers

Posted On: 28 DEC 2017 3:25PM by PIB Delhi

The National Perspective Plan (NPP) was prepared by the then Ministry of Irrigation, now Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR, RD & GR) in August 1980 for water resources development through inter basin transfer of water, for transferring water from water surplus basins to water-deficit basins. Under the NPP, the National Water Development Agency (NWDA) has identified 30 links (16 under Peninsular Component & 14 under Himalayan Component) for preparation of Feasibility Reports. The Pre-Feasibility Report of the all 30 links have been prepared and circulated to the concerned State Governments by the NWDA. After survey and investigations, Feasibility Reports of 14 links under Peninsular Component and Feasibility Reports of 2 links and draft Feasibility Reports of 7 links (Indian portion) under Himalayan Component have been completed. Present status, States concerned with Inter Basin Water Transfer Links are given in Annexure.

Four priority links under Peninsular Rivers Component have been identified for preparation of Detailed Project Reports (DPR) viz; Ken-Betwa link project (KBLP) Phase –I & II, Damanganga-Pinjal link project, Par-Tapi-Narmada link project and Mahanadi-Godavari link project. The preparation of DPR of a project is taken up only after consent of concerned State Governments. Based on the concurrence of the concerned States, DPRs of KBLP Phase-I & Phase-II, Damanganga-Pinjal link project and Par-Tapi-Narmada link project have been completed. The techno-economic clearance and various statutory clearances of the KBLP Phase-I have been accorded. The techno-economic clearance of the Damanganga-Pinjal link project has also been accorded subject to statutory clearances. The DPR of Par-Tapi-Narmada link project has been submitted for technical appraisal in Central Water Commission. The DPR of the Mahanadi – Godavari link could not be taken up as the Government of Odisha was not agreeable for Mahanadi – Godavari link, a mother link of 9 link system viz., Mahanadi – Godavari – Krishna – Pennar – Palar – Cauvery – Vaigai – Gundar linkage due to large submergence involved in Manibhadra Dam. Based on the suggestions of WRD, Govt. of Odisha, NWDA has prepared a preliminary revised proposal of Mahanadi- Godavari Link Project with reduced submergence and submitted to the State Govt. of Odisha for consideration.

The draft Memorandum of Understandings (MoUs) for implementation of KBLP has been sent to respective States UP & MP for concurrence and draft MoU for implementation of Damanganga-Pinjal link project and Par-Tapi-Narmada link project have been sent to respective States Maharashtra & Gujarat for concurrence.

The total expenditure on Inter Linking of Rivers (ILR) programme was estimated to be Rs.5.6 lakh crores (2002-03 price level) based on NWDA studies. National Council of Applied Economic Research has estimated that the cost of ILR project to be Rs.4.44 lakh crore (2003-04 price level). The exact requirement on realistic basis will be available only after the preparation of DPRs of all the links.

Interlinking of Rivers (ILR) programme has been taken up on high priority. The Government is well aware about the several issues involved in the ILR programme. The Government is pursuing the Interlinking of Rivers program in a consultative manner.

The Supreme Court vide its judgment dated 27.02.2012 in the Writ Petition (Civil) No. 512 of 2002 on ‘Networking of Rivers’ along with Writ Petition No. 668 of 2002 directed the Union of India and particularly the Ministry of Water Resources to constitute a Committee under the chairmanship of Minister of Water Resources for the implementation of ILR.

As per the directions of Supreme Court, a committee called “Special Committee on Interlinking of Rivers” was constituted under the Chairmanship of the Union Minister of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR, RD & GR) for the implementation of ILR programme vide Gazette Notification dated 23rd September, 2014. Thirteen meetings of the Special Committee for ILR have been held so far (last meeting held on 27.07.2017 at New Delhi), wherein State Irrigation/ Water Resources Ministers along with the Secretaries of various States participated. The Special Committee on ILR takes into consideration all the suggestions/observations of the stakeholders while planning and formulating the ILR projects.

The Committee, after considering the views of all the stakeholders, is proceeding ahead to expedite the objectives of the interlinking of rivers as per terms of reference. Vigorous efforts have been made for generating consensus with development of alternative plans and also setting out road maps for implementation of mature projects.

The Special Committee for ILR has constituted four specific sub-committees; (i) Sub-committee for comprehensive evaluation of various studies/reports (ii) Sub-Committee for system studies for identifications of most appropriate alternate plan, (iii) Sub-Committee for restructuring of National Water Development Agency and (iv) Sub-Committee for consensus building through negotiations and arriving at agreement between concerned States to discharge its functions.

The Union Cabinet while approving the constitution of Special Committee for ILR in its meeting held on 24th July, 2014 directed that a committee comprising of experts be constituted to look into the issues relating to inter linking of rivers. In compliance to the direction of Union Cabinet, MoWR, RD & GR vide O.M. dated 13th April, 2015  has constituted a Task Force for Interlinking of Rivers (TF-ILR) under the Chairmanship of Shri B.N. Navalawala, Chief Advisor, MoWR, RD&GR. So far, eight (8) meetings of the TF-ILR has been held and the last meeting was held on 15.09.2017.

TF-ILR on 18.07.2016 has constituted a Group to look into legal aspects and required enabling provisions for implementation of Interlinking of Rivers and other related issues. The legal group has completed its assigned task and submitted its report to the Chairman, TF-ILR on 17th March 2017.

In addition, a Group for Financial Aspects under TF-ILR was also constituted on 12.09.2017 to consider the financial aspects of ILR projects and to suggest the funding pattern for implementing the same. Three meetings of the Group were held so far and the last meeting was held on 08.12.2017.



Present status of Inter Basin Water Transfer Links, the States involved, name of rivers and status of Feasibility Reports/Detailed Project Report


Sl. No



States concerned


Peninsular  Component





Mahanadi (Manibhadra) - Godavari (Dowlaiswaram) link

Mahanadi  & Godavari

Odisha, Maharashtra,  Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, & Chattisgarh

FR Completed


Godavari (Inchampalli) - Krishna (Pulichintala) link

Godavari  &   Krishna


FR Completed


Godavari (Inchampalli) - Krishna (Nagarjunasagar) link

Godavari & Krishna

Odisha, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka & Chattisgarh,

FR Completed


Godavari (Polavaram) - Krishna (Vijayawada) link

Godavari & Krishna

Odisha, Maharashtra,  Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, & Chattisgarh

FR Completed


Krishna (Almatti) – Pennar link

Krishna  &  Pennar


FR Completed


Krishna (Srisailam) – Pennar link

Krishna  &  Pennar


FR Completed


Krishna (Nagarjunasagar) - Pennar (Somasila ) link

Krishna  &  Pennar

Maharashtra,  Andhra Pradesh & Karnataka,

FR Completed


Pennar (Somasila) - Cauvery (Grand Anicut) link

Pennar  & Cauvery

Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala & Puducherry

FR Completed


 Cauvery (Kattalai) - Vaigai -Gundar link

Cauvery, Vaigai & Gundar

Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala & Puducherry

FR Completed


Ken-Betwa link


Ken & Betwa

Uttar Pradesh  & Madhya Pradesh

FR & DPR (Ph-I&II) Completed


Parbati -Kalisindh-  Chambal link

Parbati, Kalisindh & Chambal

Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan & Uttar Pradesh (UP  requested to be consulted during consensus building)

FR Completed


Par-Tapi-Narmada link

Par, Tapi & Narmada

 Maharashtra & Gujarat

FR & DPR Completed


Damanganga - Pinjal link

Damanganga & Pinjal

Maharashtra & Gujarat

FR & DPR Completed


Bedti - Varda link

Bedti & Varda

Maharashtra,  Andhra Pradesh & Karnataka

PFR Completed


Netravati – Hemavati link

Netravati & Hemavati

Karnataka, Tamil Nadu &  Kerala

PFR Completed


Pamba - Achankovil - Vaippar link

Pamba, Achankovil & Vaippar

Kerala & Tamil Nadu,

FR Completed


Himalayan Component





Manas-Sankosh-Tista-Ganga (M-S-T-G) link


Assam, West Bengal,  Bihar& Bhutan

PFR completed


Kosi-Ghaghra link

Kosi & Ghaghra

Bihar , Uttar Pradesh & Nepal

PFR completed


Gandak-Ganga link

Gandak & Ganga


Draft FR  completed

(Indian portion)


Ghaghra-Yamuna link

Ghaghra & Yamuna


FR completed (Indian portion)


Sarda-Yamuna link

Sarda & Yamuna

Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand & Nepal

FR completed (Indian portion)


Yamuna-Rajasthan link

Yamuna & Sukri

Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana & Rajasthan

Draft FR  completed


Rajasthan-Sabarmati link



Draft FR  completed


Chunar-Sone Barrage link

Ganga & Sone

Bihar & Uttar Pradesh

Draft FR  completed


Sone Dam – Southern Tributaries of Ganga link

Sone & Badua

Bihar & Jharkhand

PFR completed


Ganga(Farakka)-Damodar-Subernarekha link

Ganga, Damodar & Subernarekha

West Bengal, Odisha & Jharkhand

Draft FR completed


Subernarekha-Mahanadi link

Subernarekha & Mahanadi

West Bengal  & Odisha

Draft FR 




Kosi-Mechi link

Kosi &Mechi

Bihar , West Bengal & Nepal

PFR completed Entirely lies in Nepal


Ganga (Farakka)-Sunderbans link

Ganga & Ichhamati

West Bengal

Draft FR  completed


Jogighopa-Tista-Farakka link (Alternative to M-S-T-G)

Manas, Tista & Ganga


(Alternative to M-S-T-G Link) dropped


· PFR- Pre  Feasibility Report

· FR- Feasibility Report

· DPR- Detailed Project Report

 This information was given by Union Minister of State for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Shri Arjun Ram Meghwal in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.




(Release ID: 1514466) Visitor Counter : 1532