Press Information Bureau
Government of India
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
01-March-2011 15:43 IST
Increasing Productivity of Forests
The Forest Research Institute under ICFRE Dehra Dun,established Seedling Seed Orchards(SSOs), Clonal Seed Orchards(CSOs), Germplasm Banks and also identified Seed Production Areas( SPAs) of important tree species in various states.The State Forest Departments are expected to use the seeds from the SSOs, CSOs, SPAs and Germ Plasm Banks for their plantation programmes to increase the productivity of forests.

For increasing forest productivity, it is necessary to use reproductive material, which is genetically superior and phenotypically suited to the plantation site. The object of the certification of tree seed and plants (FRM) is to maintain and make available to various organisations including farmers, State Forest Departments etc. propagation materials of superior provenances and cultivars so grown and distributed so as to ensure the genetic identity and high quality of seed and plants.

The elements of a comprehensive seed certification scheme for forest seed and plants are: (i) Inspection of the seed source by a qualified professional forester. (ii) Assessment of cone/fruit crop by a qualified professional forester before seed collection begins (iii) Collection of cones/fruits by a registered seed collector (iv) Testing of an adequate sample at an official seed-testing laboratory. (v) Sowing of seed in a registered nursery where labels and records satisfy minimum requirements.

The minimum requirements for certification are previous history of the seed source, isolation from foreign pollen, field inspection of seed trees, adherence to specified standards for germination and purity, labels and certification and reference numbers for identifying origin of seed

This information was given by the Minister of State for Environment and Forests (independent charge) Shri Jairam Ramesh in a written reply to a question by Shri Dr.Manohar Joshi in Rajya Sabha today.